Open Air Interface for 5G and Beyond Cellular Networks

This research will focus on the design of 5G networks to provide for future wireless services include the use cases of Enhanced Mobile Broadband (eMBB), Massive Machine Type Communication (mMTC), and Ultra-reliable and Low Latency Communications (URLLC), and application area use cases such as Smart City, Smart Home/In-building, Augmented Reality, Self-Driving Cars, etc. 5G Technology has been standardized according to a broad framework in terms of the format of the transmitted wireless signals and the basic protocols including its compatibility with LTE networks.

BoneTape: A Novel Craniomaxillofacial Fixation Technology

The Atlantic salmon aquaculture industry is becoming a strategic economic sector for Canada. Aquaculture in Canada employs approximately 25,000 people with a total economic impact of over $5B. While farmed salmon is already Canada?s top aquaculture export, salmon aquaculture has significant capacity for growth in this country. Atlantic salmon farmed in sea cages on the Canadian coasts face multiple environmental stressors that can impair their growth performance and immune status.

Closing Skill Gaps in Under- and Unemployed Youth

Learning, an online learning platform, to underemployed or unemployed youth. Building on the work of a pilot project by CivicAction, the intern will plan and implement a randomized controlled trial to test factors driving uptake of online learning and its effects on employment outcomes. The intern and CivicAction will engage with Toronto-area employment services providers to provide various treatment intensities. Treatment groups range from a simple offering of a license to weekly reminders and curated playlists to encourage uptake or hands-on help in setting up online learning modules.

Development of a supervised and transparent prediction model for predicting bond credit rating migrations in real-time for short to moderate time frame

The purpose of this research is to develop a supervised prediction model that will be used to predict whether a bond credit rating will migrate down to a lower credit rating in a short to moderate time frame.

Modelling the current and future (2025) state of travel demand in the Toronto-Waterloo Innovation Corridor

The economic productivity and social quality of life within the Greater Golden Horseshoe (GGH) in general and the Toronto – Waterloo Innovation Corridor in particular depends on a high-quality transportation network that provides cost-effective, attractive mobility to the regions residents and businesses. Expansion of the GGH road and transit networks, however, has not kept up with the region’s rapid and sustained growth over the past several decades.

An Integrated Co-Simulation-Data Analytics Platform for Smart Grid Modeling and Cybersecurity Analysis

The smart grid represents a marriage between power systems and information technology to provide increased and reliable access to power. The greater dependence on information systems however makes it more vulnerable to cyberattack. Modeling these systems accurately is a significant challenge due to their complexity and connected nature. In this work, we focus on the open research problem of developing a modeling platform that combines co-simulation, real equipment and data analytics.

Implementing biological control of introduced Phragmites australis in Ontario

Introduced Phragmites australis (common reed) is considered one of the most invasive plants in North America. European genotypes spread widely and can form dense stands with undesirable ecological impacts. Conventional management approaches have proved largely ineffective, leaving classical biocontrol (i.e., introducing herbivores of the plant from its native range) as the most promising alternative.

Counteracting habitat loss: Comparing the efficacy of major management practices in restoring and maintaining grassland habitats for at risk reptiles

Prescribed fire and mechanical removal of woody vegetation have become popular disturbance methods for restoring globally rare alvar and grassland habitats that support many species at risk, such as reptiles. However, the effects that these restoration efforts have on rare reptiles is largely unknown. This study will identify alterations in habitat usage of endangered snake species by monitoring their presence within habitats, surveying vegetative structure, and monitoring environmental temperatures both before and after management across multiple locations with grassland-alvar habitat.

Design and manufacture flexible strain gauge for high reliable application

The partner organization (Forcen Inc) wants to design and manufacture a strain gauge that is stretchable, flexible and sensitive to different types of strain (tension, compression, shear and torsion). Unfortunately, the current metal foil and semiconductor strain gauge is brittle. That is why Forcen Inc partnered with University of Toronto to develop new generation of strain gauge that is flexible enough to be inserted into surgical and manufacture robot and it can detect strains from mult-directions.

Development of Low Smoke Zero Halogen Smart Polymer Compounds/Nanocomposites for Wire and Cable Covering Material

Currently halogen-based flame retardant is widely used as cable covering material in various industries including oil and gas. Studies have concluded that these materials will produce toxic gases and acidic fumes, and also persistent against degradation in landfill. These negative consequences resulted in a global ban on halogen-based flame retardant. This project is a direct response to the global ban by developing new low smoke zero halogen (LSZH) flame retardant without the aforementioned problems.