Signaling through the Eph family of cell surface receptors is crucial for embryonic development and the maintenance of adult tissues. Given the central role of the 14 Eph receptors in controlling cell fate, it is not surprising that they also play a central role in oncogenesis and other pathological conditions. However, the signaling mechanisms of Eph receptors are extremely complex, and developing an effective therapeutic intervention for a particular disease requires a comprehensive understanding of Eph function.
Proteins can exist in two forms: left-handed (L) or right-handed (D); however, for indeterminate reasons life on this planet only uses the L-form. When studied in more detail, both protein forms possess identical physiochemical and biological properties. Yet, D-proteins show minimal proteolytic degradation and fail to elicit immune responses in animals, due to their unnatural arrangement for recognition in biological systems. Accordingly, the proposed project seeks to develop synthetic D-proteins as biopharmaceutical molecules.
As the Canadian population is aging, more and more Canadians will show cognitive decline. Aging and certain types of
neurological disorders is often associated with deficits in executive functions: goal maintenance, planning, task
switching and attention. These functions are critical for the maintenance of functional independence. Few validated
rehabilitation approaches for these types of deficits exist. One rehabilitation approach, Goal Management Training
(GMT), has shown promise. In its standard implementation, GMT is led in small groups.
In Canada, people with diabetes are 20x more likely to have an amputation of their lower limb than the general population. Having a diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) increases the risk of amputation by 50%. Early assessment and treatment of a patients DFU can prevent amputation, but patients with diabetes often lose sensation in their limbs, and may not even realize they have a DFU. There are currently no easily accessible early warning tools for DFUs. To address this need, we have invented a non-invasive device for DFU assessment, and are now optimizing it for use in patients at St.
The structural performance of skyscrapers subjected to natural hazards such as strong winds and earthquakes has significant effects on the resilience of a city because of the recent boom in the construction of skyscrapers around the world. However, resilience is currently not explicitly considered in the design of tall buildings. Studies show that modern tall buildings can suffer significant damage due to natural hazards and they might need to be closed for up to 23 years for repair. This has serious socio-economic repercussions.
This project integrates building information models (BIM) with RiskLogik's proprietary risk and resilience solutions to progress the design of complex buildings. This is accomplished by supporting the improved design of the interrelationships between building systems, such as mechanical, electrical, communications, and security systems and the operations that reside within the buildings. As a result, performance is improved by ensuring a resilient network of interconnections that reduces system conflicts and cascade effects.
As manufacturing and resource-based industries face growing challenges, Canadas future increasingly depends on advances in and sustainability of knowledge organizations. Knowledge-based workers comprise a growing proportion of the workforce today. More often than not, they work in the context of large-scale expert networks, spanning across different disciplines and organizations. They rely on software technologies for their discipline-specific activities, the coordination of their activities, and their communication with each other.
The project involves conducting a study to evaluate human performance in executing simple drawing tasks like drawing curves and lines from various directions. The study will help ascertain the accuracy and ergonomic aspects of 3D drawing. We will then use the results of the study to design a 3D sketching system combining augmented reality glasses with traditional drawing tablets. The tablet can provide a physical constraint to aid drawing tasks while also reducing the amount of fatigue the artist faces.
Evaluation is a key element to assure the high quality of programs. The Pre-Residency program is meant to prepare the international medical graduates to be at the same level as any locally trained Medical graduate in Canada for their specialty training rotations. In this project we are using an innovative engineering approach to conduct an evaluation of the Pre-Residency program. Our goal is to provide a more objective evaluation using engineering to help assure the high quality of the Pre-Residency training program offered by the Touchstone Institute.
In recent years, with increased urbanization, the beneficial role of urban trees and forests has become critical for Canadian residents. Despite this recognition, there is little knowledge of the extent of urban forestry activities being performed across the country; one of the reasons for this is that urban foresry is happening under different labels. In addition, there is no federal or provincial support or records of work being done. Urban forestry is the responsibility of municipal governments.