Small vessel interactions with cetaceans (whales, dolphins and porpoises) in the Salish Sea is poorly understood. This is of concern as vessel impacts, such as acoustic impacts and behavioural disturbances, have been categorized as a key threat to the recovery of various cetacean species. To minimize vessel impacts on cetacean species, the Canadian Department of Fisheries and Oceans (DFO) and American National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) have drafted and updated over the years mandatory marine mammal viewing distance regulations around cetaceans.
In Canada, less than 30% of the geography is covered by cellular systems. There are lots of human activities in these uncovered remote areas for either gaining nature resources or outdoor experience. In this scenario, the walkie talkie is the only and vital method helping people to build connection between each other, which can ensures their safety. Nevertheless, the signal of walkie talkie devices can be easily attenuated and/or blocked by complicated terrains such as the forest, large rock messes, and mountains.
Available evidence suggests that up to 71% of individuals will require blood or blood products at some point in their lives. To meet this demand, Canadian Blood Services estimates that approximately 100,000 new donors are required annually. However, current blood donation guidelines in Canada require a 3-month deferral period for men who have sex with men (MSM) due to the elevated incidence of HIV in this population, guidelines many see as discriminatory. Given the the improvement in HIV testing technology in recent years, re-evaluation of these guidelines would optimize donor eligibility.
New information technologies are becoming an important part of the health care system. A priority both provincially and nationally is the establishment of an enhanced network of general practitioners using the latest information technologies to acquire, store and use patient information. This will involve deployment of person-centred digitally-enabled information technologies in a new structure known as Digital Health Innovation HUBs (DHI-HUBs). The hubs will provide an opportunity to test innovative health technologies in health care.
The Early Intervention Program (EIP) is a family-based intervention targeting families of children who are off the healthy weight trajectory. The EIP is a 10-week program offered at community centers across BC where children and their families meet once a week for 90 minutes as well as online. Parents will be provided with healthy lifestyle content and will engage in discussions on how to engage in health behaviours, and children will participate in physical activities aiming to enhance their motor skills.
The combination of high-speed running and contact in a rugby sevens (sevens) match is tiring and potentially harmful to athletes. Closely monitoring athlete training loads improves in-game performance and protects from injury. Non-contact injuries, including those from sprinting, account for 10.0% of women's sevens injuries, making contact-related injuries, including those from tackles, far more common. The velocities and forces of collisions have been studied in men's rugby union, league, and sevens using wearable technology like GPS units.
Sport participants offer a source for community leadership potential that could be more fully and intentionally leveraged for maximum social impact. Currently, leadership development occurring through sport is haphazard and may be a product of chance rather than intent. This research explores elite athletes’ perspectives of leadership competencies developed through sport and aims to gain greater understanding of how these competencies can be intentionally incorporated in long-term athlete development models.
Land Trust Organizations acquire and protect private land for conservation purposes. They have become the fastest growing tool for biodiversity conservation of private land in Canada. Despite their growth and the recognized importance of private protected areas; there is little information about them. This research aims to understand who the Land Trust Organizations are (e.g. size, level of protection, funding, governance structure, ecological monitoring) and the important opportunities and challenges they face.
Globally, industries are seeking to develop new products and services from the large-scale data sets they hold. As these systems move from prototypes into fully operational 24/7/265 commercial solutions additional services must be provided to detect and address system faults and failure as they arise. Within classical engineering plants, e.g., those of the telecommunications, petrochemical, transportation, etc. industries, these tasks are performed by fault detection and diagnosis (FDD) and situation awareness solutions.
Sex Now is a community-based health survey for gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM) in Canada. It is one of only a few studies of GBMSM to be inclusive of transgender men and non-binary people which presents a novel and exciting opportunity to understand these groups’ sexual health and wellness outcomes and needs in order to create public health interventions that are targeted and appropriate to them.