Available evidence suggests that up to 71% of individuals will require blood or blood products at some point in their lives. To meet this demand, Canadian Blood Services estimates that approximately 100,000 new donors are required annually. However, current blood donation guidelines in Canada require a 3-month deferral period for men who have sex with men (MSM) due to the elevated incidence of HIV in this population, guidelines many see as discriminatory. Given the the improvement in HIV testing technology in recent years, re-evaluation of these guidelines would optimize donor eligibility.
New information technologies are becoming an important part of the health care system. A priority both provincially and nationally is the establishment of an enhanced network of general practitioners using the latest information technologies to acquire, store and use patient information. This will involve deployment of person-centred digitally-enabled information technologies in a new structure known as Digital Health Innovation HUBs (DHI-HUBs). The hubs will provide an opportunity to test innovative health technologies in health care.
The Early Intervention Program (EIP) is a family-based intervention targeting families of children who are off the healthy weight trajectory. The EIP is a 10-week program offered at community centers across BC where children and their families meet once a week for 90 minutes as well as online. Parents will be provided with healthy lifestyle content and will engage in discussions on how to engage in health behaviours, and children will participate in physical activities aiming to enhance their motor skills.
The combination of high-speed running and contact in a rugby sevens (sevens) match is tiring and potentially harmful to athletes. Closely monitoring athlete training loads improves in-game performance and protects from injury. Non-contact injuries, including those from sprinting, account for 10.0% of women's sevens injuries, making contact-related injuries, including those from tackles, far more common. The velocities and forces of collisions have been studied in men's rugby union, league, and sevens using wearable technology like GPS units.
Sport participants offer a source for community leadership potential that could be more fully and intentionally leveraged for maximum social impact. Currently, leadership development occurring through sport is haphazard and may be a product of chance rather than intent. This research explores elite athletes’ perspectives of leadership competencies developed through sport and aims to gain greater understanding of how these competencies can be intentionally incorporated in long-term athlete development models.
Land Trust Organizations acquire and protect private land for conservation purposes. They have become the fastest growing tool for biodiversity conservation of private land in Canada. Despite their growth and the recognized importance of private protected areas; there is little information about them. This research aims to understand who the Land Trust Organizations are (e.g. size, level of protection, funding, governance structure, ecological monitoring) and the important opportunities and challenges they face.
Globally, industries are seeking to develop new products and services from the large-scale data sets they hold. As these systems move from prototypes into fully operational 24/7/265 commercial solutions additional services must be provided to detect and address system faults and failure as they arise. Within classical engineering plants, e.g., those of the telecommunications, petrochemical, transportation, etc. industries, these tasks are performed by fault detection and diagnosis (FDD) and situation awareness solutions.
Sex Now is a community-based health survey for gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM) in Canada. It is one of only a few studies of GBMSM to be inclusive of transgender men and non-binary people which presents a novel and exciting opportunity to understand these groups’ sexual health and wellness outcomes and needs in order to create public health interventions that are targeted and appropriate to them.
This research supports the T?Sou-ke Nation to re-establish connections with culturally important native plant species cultivated and stewarded by traditional T?Sou-ke peoples for food, medicine and technology and to store this information in database and maps. The product of this research will be accessed when T?Sou-ke consider both large, economic development projects proposed within their territory, and for plant harvesting opportunities (for food and commercial purposes) by their members.
Existing research focused on the experiences of gay and lesbian older adults with the health care system report that there is a general distrust and reluctance to access healthcare based upon the cumulative effect of discrimination over the life course. At present, while 75% of Canadians have indicated they would like to die at home, 45% of Vancouver Island residents die of in acute care. Clearly there exists a service gap and it appears possible that such a gap may be larger in the LGBTQI2S community.