Development of a Patient Aid for Grading of Acne Severity and a Comprehensive Acne Quality of Life Instrument (CompAQ) for Acne Patients

The overall objective of this work is to gain a better understanding of the experience of patients living with acne and how to support their decision making process in terms of acne treatment options. This research will investigate issues surrounding how patients understand how to accurately determine the severity of their acne and the treatment options available to them. From this, an effective patient aid will be developed to inform and support patient’s decision-making process when seeking treatment.

Comparisons: Learning English as an Additional Language (EAL) in a Dominantly Non-English vs. a Dominantly English Speaking Culture

This research project will capture and analyze various aspects of the authentic Chinese education culture in the grade school English language learning environment, namely, the selected décor and physical layout of the classroom; the relationships between a student and his or her teacher and his or her peers; the resources and methods used to enhance the teaching of the English language; and the traditions/customs incorporated into the classroom environment.

Language immersion in ESL and EFL classes

The purpose of the study is to explore the similarities and differences between both Canadian and Chinese education systems in terms of language and culture. This particular study will focus on the impact that language immersion has on the learning of the English language. The impact of immersion will be explored via English as a second language (ESL) classes and English as a foreign language (EFL) classes. Both the ESL and EFL classes will be critically analyzed, compared, and contrasted in order to gain the most knowledge from both systems.

Invasion process of the nonindigenous golden mussel, Limnoperna fortunei, in the South to North Water Diversion Project, China, and its impact on associated aquatic ecosystem health

The Central Route of South to North Water Diversion (SNWD) project in China aims at transferring water from Yangtze River Basin to Beijing and Tianjin via a 1276 km open water canal across China. This represents a great risk for the accepting water bodies to be biologically invaded. The home university, University of Windsor, has been involved in the International project assessing the bio-risk of the SNWD.

Narratives of Canadian Teacher Candidates’ Cross-cultural Experience in China

This study will explore narrative perspectives from Canadian teacher candidates’ cross-cultural experience in Chongqing, China from March 2015 to June 2015, and will be built on participant experiences during the Teacher Education Reciprocal Learning Program between University of Windsor and Southwest University China.

Tribological Effect and Honing Studies of PEO Coated Engine Cylinder Bores

The automotive industry is striving towards greater fuel efficiency, and one of the ways in which it is trying to achieve this is through light weighting. The use of aluminum alloys in engine blocks to reduce weight is part of the solution for better fuel efficiency. However, the automotive sector is always striving for innovation and greater engine performance. Consequently, another possible solution for fuel-efficiency was proposed.

Structural optimization of a conformable pressure tank with membrane loading

Due to abundant reserves and environmental cleanliness, natural gas has introduced the environmentally friendly vehicles - natural gas-powered vehicles (NGVs), which have the potential of providing a solution to air quality problems. However, low volumetric energy density of natural gas results in NGVs’ short-range driving, inhibiting them from widespread adoption. A conformable pressure tank is considered as a solution to the issues of energy density and onboard fuel storage capacity and therefore, the driving range for NGVs.

Development of rapid and accurate genomic techniques for ballast water UV treatment

The United States Coast Guard (USCG) recently introduced stringent regulations for the treatment of ballast water. Ultra-violet (UV) light is a useful technology in a ballast water treatment system (BWTS), for inactivating phytoplankton which could be invasive and harmful to humans and the environment. UV damages DNA and prevents replication, but the vital stain methods mandated in the USCG protocol do not detect UV damage. Alternative culture-based measures of reproductive capacity are yet to be approved, time consuming, and have limitations (not all species may grow).

Phytochemical & Clinical Evaluation of Natural Health Products Against Cancer

Substantial research has been implemented to delineate the efficacy, mechanism of action and identification of the medicinal components of natural extracts for clinical use, especially in the field of cancer. This project is aimed at identifying all biologically active components of dandelion root extract (DRE), a natural health product (NHP) that has shown potential as an anticancer agent. The identification of these components will enable the development of quality control standards for DRE.

Development of a 3D in vivo Metastasis Model

Recent developments in cancer treatment have greatly improved patient survival and quality of life; however, tumour cells that invade and migrate to vital organs, such as lung and brain, are very difficult to treat successfully. We will develop and validate a 3D in vivo zebrafish model that will allow us to inject human cancer cells into the yolk sac of the fish and monitor how invasive the cancer cells are. We will test the accuracy of the model by comparing cell behavior in the zebrafish to those in standard invasion assays.