Evaluate and improve crop yield estimation models by assimilating UAV and satellite remote sensing data - Year two

It has been widely recognized that satellite remote sensing data have a great potential in retrieval of crop biophysical variable such as Leaf Area Index (LAI), vegetation canopy cover and fraction of absorbed photosynthetically active radiation (fAPAR), that are indicative of crop growth condition and yield formation. Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) data are popular in precision agriculture applications, due to their advantage of flexibility, low cost and high spatial resolution.

Accelerate development of new technologies and applications for advanced water treatment

Global population growth, urbanization and changing climate patterns have increased the demand for potable water, wastewater reuse and value recovery from wastewater, and treatment of industrial process water. Population growth also results in increased demand for the shipping of goods by ocean freight, with the associated risk of the transport of unwanted marine life from one location to another by the discharge of ballast water.

Risk assessment and population viability for the critically endangered Taiwanese white dolphin

The Taiwanese white dolphin is a subspecies only found in Taiwan. Since 2008 it has been listed as Critically Endangered in the Red List of Threatened Species of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), meaning that it is globally recognized as facing an extremely high risk of extinction. The dolphins face a plethora of human human threats, such as fisheries mortality and habitat degradation. This research aims understand how different threats may impact the persistence of this small population, both temporally and spatially.

Optimization and modeling of BioCord fixed-film technology for nutrient and organic carbon removal from domestic wastewater

Many biological wastewater treatment options are available, ranging from advanced technologies to conventional treatment options. Fixed-film biological wastewater treatment systems are in an increasing demand for conventional plant upgrades. In this study a fixed-film media called BioCord, developed by Bishop Water Technologies, will be used. The research will propose a new opportunity to enhance the removal of contaminants (such as organic carbon and nitrogen) at higher intensity and lower energy input.

Innovative Sustained High Strength Silicate Based Shotcretes

Due to early strength requirements, shotcrete mix must incorporate rapid set accelerating agents to speed up mix set time and accelerate hardening. Silicate-based shotcrete accelerators have demonstrated good early compressive strength, short set time and good stiffening properties at relatively low cost. The silicate-based shotcrete mix also has minimal impacts on health, environment and improved safety. However, it can exhibit relatively significant loss of compressive strength over 28 days, which presents a critical challenge.

Soil-structure interaction and design limit states for large-span Ultra-Cor steel bridges

Arched culverts are widely used nowadays as a solution for numerous roadways and railways overpassing as they are cheaper and easy to construct in comparison to conventional concrete and steel bridges. The current study involves three-dimensional numerical simulation for three full-scale field monitored large-span arched culverts (including the largest span arched culvert in the world of 32 m). The verified numerical model will then be used to investigate the impact of several parameters such as the supported soil and truck loading on performance of large span culverts.

Accelerate development of new technologies and applications for advanced water treatment - Year 2

Global population growth, urbanization and changing climate patterns have increased the demand for potable water, wastewater reuse and value recovery from wastewater, and for remediation of industrial process water. Population growth also results in increased demand for the shipping of goods by ocean freight, with the associated risk of the transport of unwanted marine life from one location to another by the discharge of ballast water.

Development of a next-generation in vivo human gene-editing therapeutic platform - Year two

The over-arching goal of our project is to develop a robust next-generation gene-editing platform to repair the deleterious mutations that are responsible for genetic diseases such as Cystic Fibrosis and cancer. First-generation precision endonuclease technologies have been tremendous for in vitro gene disruption studies and ex vivo treatments, but there has been limited success at developing safe and effective in vivo human gene-editing therapies.

Research intern key to company’s COVID-19 pivot

When the COVID-19 pandemic was announced and the Government of Canada called upon researchers and businesses to develop solutions, Ramtin Rasoulinezhad answered.

A graduate student at Western University, Ramtin was working as a research engineer supported by Mitacs Accelerate . He was working on the Net Zero Energy Building project with AVL Manufacturing when CEO Vince Discristofaro selected him to work directly with the Hybrid Solution Division.

Photo-curable Polysiloxane Resins for Engineered Ferroelectret Films

Polymer ferroelectrets are light weight and flexible materials that display piezoelectric behaviour. These properties make them ideal for use as transducers in the aerospace industry. However, the traditional methods used to prepare high performance polymer ferroelectrets cannot be used for large scale manufacturing due to poor reproducibility or high cost. Furthermore, these manufacturing techniques rely on commercially available materials that are not intended for use as ferroelectrets.

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