Global population growth, urbanization and changing climate patterns have increased the demand for potable water, wastewater reuse and value recovery from wastewater, and for remediation of industrial process water. Population growth also results in increased demand for the shipping of goods by ocean freight, with the associated risk of the transport of unwanted marine life from one location to another by the discharge of ballast water.
Trojan Technologies uses ultraviolet (UV) lamps in reactors to purify water. When multiple lamps in a reactor are active at once, light emitted by the various lamps can interact with neighbouring lamps, creating effects that are not well taken into account in current industrial lamp models. The goal of this project is to develop a more accurate model, which accounts for these phenomena, to better predict the distribution of UV light inside a reactor. To do this, we have developed a numerical model of the photon-plasma interactions, which agrees well with work found in the literature.
Global pollution emissions contribute to climate change and are damaging to health. In many industrial applications that produce particulate matter, devices such as cyclones are used to separate and capture the particles from the exhaust gas. However, these do not capture the very small, but hazardous, particles and so expensive and energy-intensive secondary systems have to be added to the process. The industrial partner is developing a novel dynamic cyclone separator that has rotating vanes which improve the particle separation efficiency and allow capture of the fine particles.
This project aims to convert feedstocks to H2-rich syngas for FT biojet fuel synthesis by using a two-stage system. The first is a hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) process, one of the most promising thermochemical pathways to liquefy solid biomass into liquid products including bio-crude with higher heating values and an aqueous product. The second is a gasification process using water in supercritical range (SCWG) and in the presence of a catalyst, during which the liquefied biomass (after separating out char and ash), from first stage can be transformed to clean and H2-rich syngas.
The focus of the project is to develop an packet-optical network resource optimization model that minimizes the total network cost across IP-optical platform while meeting the following requirements: (i) Offers full protection from any network node and link level failure. (ii) Ability to handle large scale networks and traffic demand (i.e., network scalability). (iii) Meets end-to-end latency requirement. (iv) Provides efficient link utilization across the packet-optical networks. (v) Ability to forecast network capacity augment requirement.
Developed advanced carbonaceous materials from processed biomass is of interest for integration into a variety of high performance applications including, plastics, rubbers, adsorbents, and chemicals. Origin Materials has a patented process that converts waste biomass into 5-chloromethlyfurfural (CMF), furfural and hydrothermal carbon (HTC) as a by-product.
To ensure effective cancer treatment, it is vital to match the drug with the molecular characteristics of the patients tumor. This research project is focused on developing functional diagnostic assays that may be used eventually in the clinic to stratify patients for targeted therapies. The project will provide a unique opportunity for the interns to work with a clinician at the forefront of cancer treatment and scientists of a partner organization that is developing innovative tools to enable precision cancer medicine.
This proposal deals with the pricing and risk management considerations of a property and casualty (P&C) insurance company. These considerations are within the context of a new accounting standard called IFRS 17, in which liabilities in insurance contracts will be measured prior to and during the exposure periods. We propose an implementable and accurate methodology, which is also compliant with the new standard in generating risk measures and margin adjustments.
The 21st century has witnessed an increased prevalence of men and women removing unwanted body hair for cosmetic, social, cultural, or medical reasons. When not done properly, the removal of unwanted hair can lead to injuries to the skin and can cause ingrown hairs, also known as razor bumps. The prevention of ingrown hairs is highly dependent on utilizing post-hair removal treatments (e.g.
Bank Swallows (Riparia riparia), a threatened species in Ontario, breed primarily in either banks at lakeshores or at exposed surfaces in man-made aggregate pits that occur with and without waterbodies. Pits are suspected to be ecological traps for this species but the relative trade-offs in nesting at pits vs. natural sites are poorly known. Availability of aquatic emergent insects is expected to be highest at lakeshore colonies with associated nutritional benefits including Omega-3 fatty acids. However, Bank Swallows may experience differential mercury exposure depending on habitat use.