Maladies chroniques et santé au travail : un partenariat pour favoriser le bien-être collectif au travail et la productivité

Le nombre de personnes en emploi atteint d’une maladie chronique (problèmes musculosquelettiques, santé mentale, diabète, etc.) ne cesse d’augmenter au Canada. Les milieux de travail sont confrontés à cette réalité dont les effets certes perturbent les travailleurs, mais c’est aussi toute l’organisation du travail et la production qui en sont affectées.

La prévention primaire des chutes chez les personnes vieillissantes autonomes : développement d’un programme interdisciplinaire multifactoriel

Les chutes chez les aînés sont un problème de santé publique sérieux. Actuellement, les services mis en place pour prévenir l’augmentation du nombre de chutes au sein de la population québécoise s’inscrivent majoritairement en prévention secondaire et tertiaire, pour une clientèle âgée de 65 ans et plus à risque de chute, ou ayant déjà chuté. Ce projet de recherche a pour objectif la mise sur pied d’un programme de prévention primaire des chutes chez une population âgée de 45 ans et plus, ainsi que l’évaluation de son efficacité.

Tuning in to emotions of non-communicative persons

Many individuals who have severe disabilities or who have suffered traumatic injury are unable to move or speak, and hence, unable to communicate with their family and caregivers. The physiological systems of these individuals are typically functional and can change to reflect the unexpressed mental and emotional states of these otherwise non-communicative persons. In this project, we will design an exhibit which will collect data to generate an emotion classifier using changes in autonomic nervous system signals patterns.

Évaluation de la faisabilité d’utiliser et d’implanter le programme Jintronix à domicile dans le but de prévenir le déclin fonctionnel chez des aînés encore autonomes qui consultent les urgences

Chaque année, environ 10% des canadiens autonomes (65 ans et +) subissent des blessures mineures (fractures, entorses) conduisant à un déclin fonctionnel (pertes de mobilité et d’autonomie). 65% d’entre eux auront recours aux urgences après leurs blessures et 18% auront un déclin fonctionnel 3 à 6 mois après leurs consultations aux urgences et seront dans un état de fragilité. La fragilité est un état clinique de vulnérabilité correspondant à des pertes importantes des propriétés fonctionnelles du muscle et à l’utilisation accrue des services hospitaliers.

The Dual Effect of Normobaric Hypoxia on Heart Rate Variability and Substrate Partitioning During Exercise and Recovery

The research proposal is designed to examine the relationship between metabolism and the autonomic nervous system during exercise and recovery. This randomized, controlled crossover design experiment will consist of three sessions. The first session is a familiarization session. The second and third sessions will be the same, except the exercise portion will be done in either hypoxia or normoxia. For the second and third sessions, participants will first complete a basal metabolic rate, and then the participant will cycle (intervals) for an hour.

Plasticity and Fit Brains in Mild Cognitive Impairment

Worldwide, one new case of dementia is detected every four seconds. At this point in time, no effective drug therapy exists for cognitive impairment and dementia. As a result, there is much interest in lifestyle approaches. Specifically, complex mental activity, such as cognitive training, may be a promising method to combat cognitive decline in older adults.

Facilitation of early mobilization after colorectal surgery: a randomized controlled trial

There is growing evidence that outcomes after colorectal surgery are improved with the use of perioperative interventions combined into an enhanced recovery program (ERP). Encouraging patients to achieve specific daily nutrition and mobilization goals postoperatively is an important aspect of ERPs; however, it is not known whether the achievement of these goals needs to be facilitated by a member of the healthcare team. This study aims to evaluate the extent to which postoperative recovery is influenced by facilitation of nutrition and mobility.

Examining the influence of PAS-induced LTP delivered over the visual cortex and cerebellum on motor performance and functional connectivity post stroke.

Learning a motor task is dependent on many cortical regions. As a skill is learned, changes take place within the circuitry of the brain to optimize efficiency of the movement execution. Following stroke, motor deficits in the upper extremity are common, emphasizing the need for intact skill learning to reacquire motor function. Advancements in rehabilitation techniques are needed to optimize recovery; cortical stimulation may serve to augment recovery when combined with behavioural intervention.

Hand Stimulator

Functional electrical stimulation (FES) exercise therapy (ET) is well established in the scientific community (Teasell et al, 2007) yet it is not accessible to the majority of the stroke population or those that could greatly benefit from it. In Canada alone millions of dollars has been spent in the last 20 years on proving its efficacy and trying to find cost effective means of administering this treatment. Yet to date there is little in terms of viable commercial products that allow for this type of treatment to be administered.

The relationship between low back pain, pain related fear, and the quality of movement in low back pain patients

This study proposes to evaluate the quality of movement in patients with low back pain using a novel device. We are going to measure and compare the movement of people with back pain to that of healthy people. In addition, we plan on correlating the psychological factors associated with low back pain to tissue pathology. Many previous studies have used self-report measures of movement, and now we will determine whether our method of measuring movement correlates with these self-reports.