Impact of chronic exposure to vascular stressors on mitochondrial health and vascular smooth muscle cell plasticity

Blood vessels are made up of specialized cells including the endothelial cells lining the blood vessels and smooth muscle cells (SMCs) that constrict vessels and regulate blood flow. SMCs are constantly exposed to diverse growth factors, hormones and inflammatory signals that affect their phenotype and function. Mitochondria are essential to the normal functioning of SMCs, and aging and inflammation can effect mitochondrial number, structure and function.

Development of Novel Methods for the Automated Extraction of Lipid-Soluble Compounds Year One

Current analytical methods for the extraction of lipid-soluble compounds (fatty acids, cholesterol, antibiotics, pesticides, vitamins) are costly and time-consuming. Recently, we have assessed a novel patent-pending “kit” method for extracting fatty acids and cholesterol from food and tissues with great success. We propose to continue testing this method for extraction of lipid-soluble vitamins, pesticides and antibiotics for the continued sale of kits to potential research laboratories.

Development of Novel Methods for the Automated Extraction of Lipid-Soluble Compounds

Current analytical methods for the extraction of lipid-soluble compounds (fatty acids, cholesterol, antibiotics, pesticides, vitamins) are costly and time-consuming. Recently, we have assessed a novel patent-pending “kit” method for extracting fatty acids and cholesterol from food and tissues with great success. We propose to continue testing this method for extraction of lipid-soluble vitamins, pesticides and antibiotics for the continued sale of kits to potential research laboratories.

Etiology, prevention and rehabilitation of shoulder injuries in elite swimmers and waterpolo players: a longitudinal study

Chronic shoulder injuries are common in athletes competing in overhead sports such as waterpolo, swimming and synchronized swimming. These injuries are costly both financially and in terms of performance to the athletes and sport organizations. The purpose of this project is to create new sport-specific clinical and functional assessment protocols and to improve training strategies for shoulder injury prevention and elite sport performance.

Cardiovascular function, inflammation, and exercise: potential role of anti inflammatory supplementation to optimize health and performance

Additional research is required to fully understand the effects of a powerful antioxidant Curcumin on the short and long term impact of exercise. Previous studies have demonstrated other antioxidants can potentially slow recovery and reduce benefits of exercise. However, there is lacking information regarding the effects of Curcumin on cardiovascular health and exercise performance.

Developing an Ergonomic Risk Assessment Tool and Work Rotation Plan

The overall objective of this project is to reduce ergonomic risk and the potential for workplace injury across the entire production facility. Repetition, force and posture are factors that can lead to fatigue and injury among workers in a manufacturing setting. By developing an ergonomic demands and risk assessment tool based on current research, the risk associated with each workstation in the facility will be quantified, and recommendations to reduce or eliminate risk of potential injury will be provided.

Ergonomics Evaluation of Right Angle Power Tools

It has been estimated that approximately 70% of operators in automotive assembly use power-tools to complete their assembly tasks, yet companies have a difficult time determining why injuries happen when they are used. Before we can determine this, we need to understand the type of postures and the level of physical demand and the frequency of their use every minute. This survey will help to understand exactly how assembly workers use these tools with the overall goal to begin to reduce the risk associated when using them.

Validation de l’immplantation d’un programme d’entraînement à haute intensité à l’aide du HITrainer chez des élèves du secondaire

Ce projet vise à valider l’utilisation d’un appareil d’entraînement en haute intensité, développé pour l’entraînement de haut niveau en milieu sportif, vers un milieu tout à fait novateur pour ce type d’appareil, qui est celui de l’éducation auprès d’étudiants du secondaire. De plus, il permettra d’évaluer les perceptions des jeunes de secondaire en ce qui a trait aux changements liés à leur participation au programme d’entrainement de courte durée et haute intensité sur leurs facteurs de réussite scolaire, leur estime de soi et les bons coups favorisant leur participation à ce projet.

Tension physiologique et psychologique subie par les pompiers lors d’intervention d’urgence

Traditionnellement, les pompiers ont eu comme responsabilité première de combattre les incendies. Mais en pratique, cette tâche ne représente qu'un faible pourcentage de leur travail. De fait, la plupart des appels d’urgence reçus dans les grands centres urbains, comme Toronto, ne concernent pas des incendies. Il s’agit surtout d’appels signalant des urgences médicales ou des accidents de voiture sur les autoroutes.

Lien entre la réduction de la variabilité posturale et l'incidence accrue de blessures liées au travail dans les chaînes de montage automobile allégées

De nombreuses compagnies croient que l'allègement des processus améliorera la qualité par l'élimination du gaspillage et la réduction des délais d'approvisionnement et des coûts globaux. Cependant, les avantages et désavantages des processus de fabrication allégés ont fait l'objet de nombreux débats. Nombre de chercheurs ont noté des hausses réelles dans le rendement, la qualité et l'efficacité, ce qui a des implications positives pour les gestionnaires, les superviseurs et le personnel col blanc.

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