Coherent Control of High-Q Devices

Research into understanding and controlling microscopic quantum mechanical phenomena has led to revolutionary new quantum devices, including quantum sensors and actuators that have unprecedented levels of sensitivity, efficiency, and functionality for a wide variety of tasks. A particularly compelling example is high quality factor (high-Q) superconducting resonators for magnetic resonance. These new devices will be substantially more sensitive than current devices in widespread use.

Optimization of Myelin Water Imaging

The purpose of this research project is to optimize a magnetic resonance technique designed to measure myelin in brain and spine. This technique holds great promise for diagnosis and management of neurodegenerative diseases as well as abnormal brain development. The finalgoal ofthe project is to have a magnetic resonance protocol which could be offered as a product on a Philips Healthcare magnetic resonance imaging scanner. Currently, no MRI manufacturer offers myelin water imaging as a product.

Programming Techniques for QUBO Compatible Processors II

The main problem this internship project explores is the selection, conversion, and encoding of mathematical models that pertain to the finance industry for processing on available types of analog optimization processors. This research investigation aims to develop new algorithms and code that take advantage of an analog optimization process which acts as an "oracle" for a classical Turing Machine computer. This will be done by developing methods to translate a range of problems into the ideal form for currently available adiabatic annealing hardware.

Études numériques de la diffusion ionique dans les cathodes pour piles de nouvellegénération au magnésium et au sodium

Objectifs

Le projet proposé en collaboration entre l'Université de Montréal et l'Institut de Recherche d'Hydro-Québec (IREQ) vise à accélérer le développement et la commercialisation de piles rechargeables basées sur le magnésium et le sodium en améliorant notre compréhension fondamentale et théorique des enjeux associés avec cette technologie. Les objectifs concrets du projet sont

• améliorer la compréhension des processus de diffusion au sein de certaines cathodes prometteuses pour application dans des piles d'intercalation au magnésium et au sodium,

Development of High-Performance Microwave Radio Network Systems with Broadband and Polarization Diversity Antennas to be Integrated with High-Speed Optical Fiber Networks

Objectives: Manitoba Hydro Telecom (MHT) has proposed the development of a state-of-the-art optical communication network using Reconfigurable Optical Add Drop Multiplexers (ROADM) employing Wave Division Multiplexing (WDM). MHT will use ROADMs compliant with currently established industry standards such as ITU G.709 and G.8032. ROADMs with WDM methods with 50 GHz channel spacing enable up to 88 wavelengths to be carried on a single optical fiber.

Improving radiation oncology treatment planning using dual-energy computed tomography

Dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) is a new technology that was introduced in radiology departments in the last few years. At CHUM, in collaboration with Siemens, we installed a DECT in the radiation oncology department. The global objective of this project is to develop and confirm the various applications of DECT in radiation oncology. Specifically, a first objective is to assess the improved accuracy in radiation dose calculation needed for treatment planning.

High resolution PET imaging systems for small animal imaging

There is an increasing demand for high resolution multimodality imaging of research animals, such as mice and rats, to allow non-invasive monitoring of disease models and therapeutic interventions. This project focuses on the development of a new positron emission tomography (PET) imaging system that can be operated inside a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) system. Once complete, this system will allow simultaneous high resolution PET/MRI imaging of research animals.

Magnetic Compression and Stability of Spheromaks

The objective of a fusion device is to confine a plasma and heat it to a temperative high enough for its ions to gain sufficient energy to overcome their mutually repulsive force and fuse. Fusion neutrons will provide a heat souce that's used to generate electricity in a steam cycle. Fusion power is environmentally friendly and the fuel source is abundant. A spheromak is a toroidal plasma configuration that has internal currents to maintain the magnetic field that keeps it together. Several methods are used to compress spheromaks at General Fusion.

Metallogeny of Rare Earth Element deposits in Quebec

The one-year project will investigate the geological, geochemical and geophysical properties of three Rare Earth Element (REE) deposits in Québec. Each of the selected deposit is representative of a class of REE mineral deposits. The project will provide new insights in the origin of the three types of REE mineral deposits. This new understanding of the formation of REE mineral deposits will be transferred to the industrial partners and will be used to improve the odds of discovering REE resources in Québec and Canada.

Dermoscopy Imaging and automated analysis for skin cancer screening

The research focuses on development and implementation of advanced software algorithms designed for the automated analysis of skin lesion images. The algorithms will be designed to run on mobile computing devices such as smartphones and tablets, and could be used by the general users as well as doctors for computer-assisted screening and diagnosis of skin cancer. For users, our computer program will automatically compute the risk score for skin lesions based on the previously diagnosed cases, and for doctors, it will use machine learning to assist in making the best diagnostic decision.

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