Modeling of combined heat and power generation in Canada
Canada ambitions to achieve a deep decarbonization of its economy by 2050, with a reduction of its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions up to 90% relative to their 2005 levels. Such a transition from the current situation will have important impacts in particular on its energy sector. In this context, SIEMENS Canada, a manufacturer of energy systems, wishes to study the potential deployment in Canada of flexible combined heat and power (CHP) plants.Such a potential deployment must be analyzed in the context of competitive energy markets, where different technological solutions may be used in different sectors to abate GHG emissions. The TIMES energy model, developed within the ETSAP program of the International Energy Agency, offers a systemic way to analyze the entire energy sector from the extraction of primary energy until the consumption of final energy. This model enables in particular to analyze possible evolution of the energy sector over the long run (2050 or beyond).A TIMES model for Canada has already been developed and successfully used. Several modeling improvements can, however, be envisioned. Beyond this, the objective of this project is to assess the potential deployment of flexible CHP plants under different policiy and technological scenarios in Canada.