Health risks of agricultural intensification in Vietnam

During the last couple decades, agricultural practices have increased in intensity to meet the growing needs of economic growth and population growth in Vietnam. Increased livestock production, management of human and animal waste, hormone and antibiotic residues from humans and livestock present human and environmental health concerns. The risks of agricultural intensification to human health are not well studied and understood in Vietnam. In this study, I will explore the risks of agricultural intensification to human health through a systematic review of the literature.

An omics study of plant responses to non-oncogenic Agrobacterium infection Year Two

Time-course biochemical and transcriptomic (gene expression) analysis of Nicotiana benthamiana in response to Agrobacterium infection and monoclonal antibody (mAB) expression. Host response to Agrobacterium infection may provide insight into novel approaches to increase recombinant protein production. Understanding changes in host gene expression may help identify targets for future engineering to limit negative impacts on the host due to infection and recombinant gene expression. Differential gene expression analysis may also reveal specific up-regulated host defenses (e.g.

Learning representations of customer behavior to drive actionable insights in e-commerce

Rubikloud enables online businesses to turn their data into revenue by turning the focus from visualization and interpretation to driving smarter data-driven decisions. A key challenge to leveraging the advances in machine learning research and development is the nature of event-based data encountered in this domain: clicks, purchases, impressions, and conversions. Machine learning techniques typically operate on fixed-length vector representations of data, for example, collections of attributes, images, and word counts of text documents.

Deploying GABA metabolism to boost plant immunity to phytopathogens: From fundamental research to practical application

Aminobutyric acid (GABA) is a non-protein amino acid that has recently been discovered to play an important role in plant-pathogen interactions. In this proposal, we will comprehensively investigate the potential of GABA metabolism to boost plant immunity against fungal and bacterial pathogens using tomato and Arabidopsis as model plant systems. The effectiveness of exogenous applications of GABA will be compared with known inducers of disease resistance in laboratory and greenhouse trials, and then novel formulations will be developed and evaluated.

Fundamental understanding of brewing phenomena and shelf-life extension of single-serve coffee

Brewing of premium coffee in single-serve capsule is challenging due to many design and machine constraints. Moreover, parameters that affect the brew quality are not fully understood. By collaborating with Mother Parkers Tea

Benefit of algae meal supplementation during pregnancy on piglet health Year Two

Research suggests that a skewed dietary ratio of omega-6: omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-6: n-3 PUFAs) in westernized diets and an increase in maternal stress during pregnancy are risk factors for offspring inflammatory diseases. Typically, a diet high in n-6 PUFA is thought to promote pro-inflammatory mediators, while n-3 PUFA have anti-inflammatory properties.

Biomonitoring 2.0 in Practice: Application of Next-Generation Sequencing to Biomonitoring for Use by the Environmental Consulting Industry

Canada is a world leader in both cutting-edge, DNA-based environmental research and in the abundance and variety of our natural resources. By bringing the transformative power of the "Biomonitoring 2.0" approach for use in the environmental consulting industry, I propose to take the best of the former and use it to create innovative methods for the most sustainable utilization of the latter.

The evaluation of pain management strategies for either caustic paste or cautery disbudding in dairy calves Year Two

Destruction of the horn bud in 4-6 wk old calves using either hot-iron or chemical disbudding is a common practice in the dairy industry. There is a limited body of research on the effects of chemical disbudding and the pain it causes to the animal as well as research on appropriate methods to mitigate the pain following this procedure, and research to identify appropriate pain managements is needed.

An omics study of plant responses to non-oncogenic Agrobacterium infection

ime-course biochemical and transcriptomic (gene expression) analysis of Nicotiana benthamiana in response to Agrobacterium infection and monoclonal antibody (mAB) expression. Host response to Agrobacterium infection may provide insight into novel approaches to increase recombinant protein production. Understanding changes in host gene expression may help identify targets for future engineering to limit negative impacts on the host due to infection and recombinant gene expression. Differential gene expression analysis may also reveal specific up-regulated host defenses (e.g.

The benefit of algae meal supplementation during pregnancy on piglet health

Research objectives: 1. Assess the incorporation of PUFAs in offspring's blood and brain tissue following maternal AM supplementation 2. Investigate the effect of maternal AM supplementation on the offspring's antibody-mediated (AbMIR) and cellmediated (CMIR) immune responses 3.

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