Eutrophication Risk Assessment and Adaptive Management Implementation in Lake Simcoe: Integration of the Watershed Processes with the Receiving Waterbody

Environmental modelling has been an indispensable tool of the Lake Simcoe restoration efforts. The proposed research aims to develop an integrated watershed-receiving waterbody modelling network that will provide a realistic platform for the evaluation of a variety of land-use management and climatic scenarios.

Designing an Autonomous Manipulator Controller for Zero-G Repair Tasks

Currently, when man-made objects in orbit around the Earth need to be disassembled or repaired, a humancontrolled robotic manipulator is used. The object in question is often not designed to be modified in this manner, and only 1 in 4 human operators at MDA (the partner organization) are able to successfully complete these notoriously challenging tasks. The goal of the proposed project is to design a computer program to learn from the successful human operators with the end result being a novel artificial intelligence that can perform these repairs autonomously, i.e.

Long-dated foreign exchange interest rate hybrid financial derivatives: modeling,calibration, pricing, and risk-management

The proposed project addresses three major challenges in modeling long-dated (maturities of 30 years or more) foreign exchange (FX) interest rate (IR) hybrid derivatives, namely

(i) the strong sensitivity of the products to the skew of the FX volatility smiles,

(ii) their very long maturities, and

(iii) popular embedded exotic features, which provide possibilities of early termination of the products.

Maximizing Benefit from Hearing Technologies for Persons with Early Stage Alzheimer’s Disease Year One

There is a strong connection between hearing loss and cognitive impairment, particularly dementia, in old age. The number of Canadians with dementia is expected to reach 9% of adults over the age of 60 by 2038. With these large numbers and limited health resources, caregiving will increasingly fall upon family and friends. Caregiving for persons with Alzheimer's disease (AD), the most common form of dementia, is frequently associated with elevated levels of emotional and physical distress.

Maximizing Benefit from Hearing Technologies for Persons with Early Stage Alzheimer’s Disease Year One

There is a strong connection between hearing loss and cognitive impairment, particularly dementia, in old age. The number of Canadians with dementia is expected to reach 9% of adults over the age of 60 by 2038. With these large numbers and limited health resources, caregiving will increasingly fall upon family and friends. Caregiving for persons with Alzheimer's disease (AD), the most common form of dementia, is frequently associated with elevated levels of emotional and physical distress.

The impacts of omega-3 fatty acids on planktonic food web processes: anexperimental approach Year One

The causal link between highly unsaturated fatty acids (HUF As) and human health is one of the hottest topics in science. Their potential to control food web dynamics in freshwater systems is a relatively recent development, but analytical difficulties have relegated research to a predominantly theoretical nature. A large deal of theoretical work was produced from my doctoral research, and breakthroughs in measuring metabolic reactions permit the testing of multiple hypotheses produced.

Role of nocturnal fluid redistribution in the pathogenesis of sleep apnea Year One

when lying down to sleep and accumulates in the neck or lung; which could be a major contributor to the development of sleep apnea in HF patients. Therefore, we aim to determine whether: 1) the relative degree of fluid shift into the neck and lungs at night is associated with the severity of sleep apnea; 2) the respiratory sounds recorded from the neck and lungs can be used to estimate the amount of nocturnal fluid accumulated in the neck or lungs. If so, a new approach for the therapy of sleep apnea would be to prevent fluid accumulation in the legs during the day.

Design and Optimization of Long Term Evolution Advanced (LTE-A) and WiFi Heterogeneous Networks Year Two

In this project we intend to find an abstract understanding of heterogeneous networks (HetNets. Our main focus is the small cell networks based on LTE-A and WiFi systems. We will start by investigating simple and efficient resource management algorithms in such networks and attempt to find a simplified model for the quality of service (QoS) in such networks. This model will be interfaced with a software tool already developed at Siradel and used to clarify the expected performance of a HetNet in a given wireless environment.

A Semi Automated Annotation System for Finding the Noteworthy in Video Year Two

Video annotation is the allocation of video shots or video segments to different, predefined semantic concepts such as person, car, sky, people walking, etc. We aim to present a  novel approach to semi-automatically annotate the videos based on visual attention, which can detect the focus of interest such as salient objects in video frames automatically. The pre-selection of regions of interest facilitates the recognition of objects of different shapes, poses, scales, and illuminations and benefits the tedious manual labeling.

Environmental Decision-Making in the Face of Uncertainty: A Bayesian approach Year Two

In water quality management, mathematical models are used to evaluate management alternatives, and to support the policy making process. Environmental models involve substantial uncertainty which can be very critical when striving to identify polluters, to direct the use of taxpayers' dollars, and to determine management strategies that have considerable social and economic implications.

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