Advanced Simulation Methods for a Next Generation Computational Fluid Dynamics Solver

Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) is a branch of fluid mechanics that is focused on using numerical methods to solve and analyze practical engineering problems involving fluid flow. The purpose of the proposed research project is to develop novel simulation methods directed at applications in sensitivity analysis and design optimization. Sensitivity and optimization studies are becoming more common as engineers are challenged to determine optimal operating configurations for their designs.

"Transdermal Alcohol Detection System through Measurement of Capacitance Change in a MEMS Device *Renewal, previous title ""Transdermal Alcohol Detection System through Measurement of Capacitance Change in a MEMS Device Year One"""

The proposed research develops a transdermal alcohol detection system. The system is comprised of an array of polymer based MEMS sensors and a sensor measurement circuit. The system analyzes gases emitted from the skin – the gases are chemical mixtures that may (or may not) contain ethanol. No known polymers respond only to ethanol; however, each polymer in the array creates a unique response to the presence of ethanol. When examined together – like a series of simultaneous equations – sensor responses accurately indicate the presence of ethanol.

Capturing the Everyday Experience of Living with Alzheimer’s Disease: Ambulatory Assessment of Movement, Speech, and Sleep

While Alzheimer's disease (AD) is irreversible, strategies to slow functional decline associated with the disease have demonstrated effectiveness. A critical aspect of the recommended model of care is accurate and regular assessment of patient behaviour in everyday life, such as physical function and sleep quality. However, current clinical assessments rely heavily on patient or caregier observations to recall everyday behaviour, which may be unreliable and subject to bias.

Capturing the Everyday Experience of Living with Alzheimer’s Disease: Ambulatory Assessment of Movement, Speech, and Sleep

While Alzheimer's disease (AD) is irreversible, strategies to slow functional decline associated with the disease have demonstrated effectiveness. A critical aspect of the recommended model of care is accurate and regular assessment of patient behaviour in everyday life, such as physical function and sleep quality. However, current clinical assessments rely heavily on patient or caregier observations to recall everyday behaviour, which may be unreliable and subject to bias.

Determining the timespan and ecological conditions necessary for afforested environments to support older-growth understorey communities

Mineral aggregate production is essential to Canada’s economy and infrastructure but environmental concerns threaten to impede this until ecological impacts are shown to be mitigated by off-site replication of affected ecosystems including heritage hardwood forests. A large-scale comparative study was recently initiated to determine whether conventional forestry can produce plantations that are ecologically equivalent to natural forests.

Preparation of commercial TPVs from Devulcanized Rubber

This research project intends to further expand the use of the recycled rubber (also referred as devulcanized rubber) prepared from waste tires to reduce the threat caused by the increasing number of scrap tires. Due to relatively inferior properties, the devulcanized rubber cannot be used by itself. Hence, the research focuses on blending the devuclanized rubber with cheaply available plastics. A patented technology has been developed in our lab that leads to preparation of high quality devulcanized rubber.

Algorithms and Software System for Analysis of Twitter Data using Apache Spark

The goal of this project is to develop a software system to collect, store, organize and query Twitter messages, and to develop algorithms that can process the Twitter data to extract value-added information, in particular, the geolocation of Tweets. First, we will design and implement a processing and analytics system for Twitter data using the Apache Spark environment. Second, we will research and extend advanced algorithms to infer the geolocation of Tweets from their contents.

Addressing Basis Risk in Agricultural Index-Based Insurance

The objective of the proposed research is to design and implement an innovative IBI scheme capable of minimizing basis risk. Forage insurance will be used as an example to empirically examine the effective implementation of the IBI, through establishing an adequate relationship between the weather index and forage yield. Therefore, a second objective of the proposed research is to help increase producer demand for forage insurance.

Gamifying Shakespeare: Theorizing and Designing Game-based Digital Media for Stratford Festival Audience Engagement

The aims of the partner organization are to: bolster audience engagement, i.e., to enhance the experience of those already attending the Stratford Festival; bolster audience attendance, i.e., to draw new crowds to the Stratford Festival; and establish the Festival as a leading digital media creator in the field of professional theatre.

Development of genetic engineering in microalgae

Biopharmaceuticals are pharmaceuticals that are produced in biological systems, as opposed to being made synthetically using purely chemical approaches. Biopharmaceuticals are becoming increasingly important today, as biological systems are very good at making pharmaceuticals with very precise activity within people and with fewer side effects. However, most of the conventional approaches used to make biopharmaceuticals suffer from shortcomings such as high cost and the need to remove human pathogens. On the other hand, microalgae overcome many of the limitations of the current systems.

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