This MITACS project aims to investigate the durability of IONOMR’s PEMIONTM membranes in Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM)-based fuel cells for automotive and other applications. Specific test conditions and protocols for use at IONOMR based on industry standards will be developed and the materials will be benchmarked against current state-of-the-art materials in order to prioritize development efforts and aid in customer adoption efforts.
After primary oil production stage, reservoir energy is depleted. At this stage, the reservoir needs to be re-energized through enhanced oil recovery techniques. In these techniques, an external fluid is injected into the reservoir to displace oil in place towards the production wells. Water is the most common fluid used in enhanced oil recovery processes. Parameters such as water viscosity, oil in place viscosity, reservoir rock wetting state, water injection velocity, etc. critically affect the water flow pathways during flow in a reservoir.
The problem is that currently food waste and municipal wastewater biosolids are produced in abundance, which necessitates a proper treatment rather than disposal to landfills, and increasing CO2 emissions. In this research proposal, the main goal is to enhance both biomethane production and biodegradability of organic solids by applying subsequent Lystek thermo-alkaline hydrolysis technology followed by anaerobic digestion/co-digestion (mixing different organic wastes at different mass ratios) of organic solids such as food waste and municipal wastewater biosolids.
In many drug delivery methods, chemotherapeutic drugs have a hard time solely attacking cancer cells in a tumour and instead also attack healthy cells in the body, leading to severe side effects. Pharmasonica has developed ultrasound-responsive microcapsules that can be injected in the stationary tumour. These microcapsules have small silica nanoparticles on their outer shell that eject out upon ultrasound activation (similar to popping a cork on a wine bottle) to enable “on demand” drug release; the more nanoparticles ejected out, the more drug is released.
In the last decade optimization is expanded in many applications from food production to sophisticated applications such as engine fuel efficiency. In the proposed package, it is tried to apply optimization techniques along with physics based analytical and semi-analytical methodologies to create a compelling framework which can help thermal-process based oil industry to reduce their GHG and also better evaluate their CAPEX. Many SAGD projects are overspent on their facilities due to under prediction or overprediction of their oil production expectations.
Most rubber products require curing that involves either sulfur or peroxide curing and other ingredients such as accelerators, antioxidants, antiozonants, and heavy metal oxides. Some of these ingredients, either individually or in combination, generate environmental pollutant and hazardous gases and fumes during rubber processing or storage. Thus, there is a continuous need by the rubber industry to develop benign curing processes involving environmental-friendly process and less hazardous ingredients.
Ethylene is an important building block for the chemical industry and is most widely produced at global production scale of 200 million metric tonnes. As a typical chemical feedstock, ethylene is used to produce plastics, consumer goods, solvents, paints, among many others. Ethylene is predominantly produced by steam cracking which is run at very high temperatures and releases up to 2.7 kg CO2 eq./ kg of polyethylene produced. In Alberta, the production of ethylene and derivatives results in more than 4.5 million tonnes CO2 eq.
Oil sand tailings could take ages to naturally dewater enough to be reclaimed. Finding ways to accelerate dewatering fluid tailings is crucial to improving overall reclamation planning and performance. The goal of the proposed project is to establish a new thermoanalytical technique for quantification and analysis of free and bound water contents in both individual MFT clays and flocs using Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC).
In the first year of the proposed project, we will explore and optimize the application of environmentally friendly solvents for organosilane adhesion promoters that are used in the production of HSS by Canusa-CPS. In the second year, the shelf-life and lifetime of such products will be investigated using accelerated testing procedures. The results of the proposed research project will be beneficial to Canusa-CPS for the development of environmentally friendly adhesion promoters and lay the groundwork for new testing methods that predict the lifetime of HSS products.
A critical task towards maximizing productivity in the manufacturing of biotherapeutics such as monoclonal antibodies is selecting the appropriate separation technology or sequence of technologies that meet the purity requirements of regulatory agencies (e.g. Health Canada) and maximize product recovery to reduce the overall cost per dose. The focus of this research project is two-fold. First to develop new performance monitoring tools for continuous chromatography processes.