Next-generation integrated circuits require the innovation of new interconnect materials in order to maintain the performance improvements of Mooreâs Law scaling. Cobalt (Co) and ruthenium (Ru) are two specific metals that are garnering strong interest for use in the filling of interconnects because of their better electrical performance and reliability at the extremely scaled dimensions required by sub-10 nm technology nodes.
Thus far Steam-Assisted Gravity Drainage (SAGD) has been the sole commercially viable in-situ recovery method to extract Canadian oil sands that are too deep for mining. It involves high pressure steam injection and bitumen production using horizontal well pairs located near the base of oil sands formations. While it has enabled conversion of significant resources to reserves (about 170 billion barrels), SAGD has many economic and environmental limitations. The public and government want to see the negative aspects of SAGD reduced significantly.
The main goal of the proposed work is to develop an ultra-thin and selective GO membrane capable of separating water vapor or steam from air. For this purpose, a suitable membrane supports required to hold the GO sheets. Therefore, the GO sheets will be deposited on various membrane supports and their performance in terms of selectivity, permeability, and mechanical strength will be evaluated. Then, the effect of GO layer number on the selectivity and permeation rate will be investigated.
VETWATER (Sainte-Brigide-d'Iberville, QC) produces pet equilibrated water under the commercial name of "VETWATER urinary solution for cats" (VC), which helps preventing urinary crystals and stones (urolithiasis) by equilibrating pH strictly in the 6.2-6.4 range. Besides urolithiasis, feline lower urinary tract diseases (FLUTDs) affect the urinary bladder and urethra of cats without any obvious underlying cause- so called "feline idiopathic cystitis" (FIC).
Devonian reservoirs have contributed significantly to the development of the petroleum industry in Alberta. This is mainly due to their favourable characteristics of high permeability enhanced by dolomitization in these often reefal structures. Although many have had good recoveries, much oil remains to be recovered. Many of the same characteristics that led to good production performance during the past decades are expected to contribute to good production potential if CO2-based enhanced-oil recovery (CO2-EOR) methods are employed.
Pneumonia remains the single leading cause of childhood death under age 5 worldwide. The price per dose of current vaccines is high and supply is limited due to a complex manufacturing process and low yield, significantly reducing its distribution in developing nations.1 A newly patented vacuo dry-glycation process promises much higher efficacy than the conjugation chemistry used currently, paving the way towards a much lower dosage cost. and its vaccine is a kind of polysaccharide-protein conjugate system.
The research project will develop processes for the fabrication of latex rubber films containing cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) as reinforcement to enhance the physical properties of the films. Similarly, improving the compatibility between the latex rubber and the CNCs will be investigated which is expected to significantly improve the physical properties of the films, resulting in the possibility of using thinner films. Benefits to the partner organization will be the added value of CNCs especially to the rubber industry which will generate more market and revenue.
Cellulose is a commercially important biopolymer. Due to its abundance, biocompatibility and renewability it has shown important commercial applications in food, pharmaceuticals, biomedical. Depending on the origin and the processing methods used, the resulting fiber dimensions, structure, crystallinity and molecular weight (MW) can vary over a broad range. MW is one of the most important parameters in polymer characterization as many of its properties depend on it. Gel permeation chromatography (GPC) has been the technique of choice for determining these properties.
This proposed project focuses on American ginseng (AmG), a natural herb native to Canada that has been used as a traditional medicine for many generations. Southern Ontario has become the Worldâs largest producer of AmG with annual sales of over $400M at the farm gate. Polysaccharides (PS) are a major active component of AmG showing various biological activities including anti-carcinogenic, anti-aging, immunostimulatory and antioxidant effects.