Investigating polysaccharide-protein conjugation: characterization and effects of glycation conditions

Pneumonia remains the single leading cause of childhood death under age 5 worldwide. The price per dose of current vaccines is high and supply is limited due to a complex manufacturing process and low yield, significantly reducing its distribution in developing nations.1 A newly patented vacuo dry-glycation process promises much higher efficacy than the conjugation chemistry used currently, paving the way towards a much lower dosage cost. and its vaccine is a kind of polysaccharide-protein conjugate system.

Cellulose Nanocrystals Reinforced Nitrile Butadiene Rubber (NBR) nanocomposite dipped products: Processing and Structural Properties

The research project will develop processes for the fabrication of latex rubber films containing cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) as reinforcement to enhance the physical properties of the films. Similarly, improving the compatibility between the latex rubber and the CNCs will be investigated which is expected to significantly improve the physical properties of the films, resulting in the possibility of using thinner films. Benefits to the partner organization will be the added value of CNCs especially to the rubber industry which will generate more market and revenue.

Optimization of astaxanthin production in large-scale cultivation of microalgae by utilizing industrial CO2 emissions - Year two

Haematococcus pluvialis is a green microalga that concentrates the compound astaxanthin, a commercial product with nutraceutical, pharmaceutical, cosmetic, aquaculture, and food applications.

Molecular Characteristics of Cellulose and Cellulose Derivatives - Year two

Cellulose is a commercially important biopolymer. Due to its abundance, biocompatibility and renewability it has shown important commercial applications in food, pharmaceuticals, biomedical. Depending on the origin and the processing methods used, the resulting fiber dimensions, structure, crystallinity and molecular weight (MW) can vary over a broad range. MW is one of the most important parameters in polymer characterization as many of its properties depend on it. Gel permeation chromatography (GPC) has been the technique of choice for determining these properties.

Advancement of bio-processing technology for ginseng polysaccharides: a model for value-added medicinal plant polysaccharides development - Year two

This proposed project focuses on American ginseng (AmG), a natural herb native to Canada that has been used as a traditional medicine for many generations. Southern Ontario has become the World’s largest producer of AmG with annual sales of over $400M at the farm gate. Polysaccharides (PS) are a major active component of AmG showing various biological activities including anti-carcinogenic, anti-aging, immunostimulatory and antioxidant effects.

Investigation of a fully biocompatible bio-electrolytic supercapacitor system

The concept of incorporating bio-product based electrolytes in the design of supercapacitors is recent and novel. To use a bio-molecule to harvest and harness energy is one of the most breakthrough technologies of our current age. The thrust towards wearable technologies and Internet of Things (IOT) applications have created an emerging market for environmentally friendly flexible energy storage device.

Measurement of the physical and thermo-physical properties of molten salts and their interactions with materials of construction

Small Modular Reactors (SMRs) represent the next generation in nuclear power reactor technology with the benefits of being non-greenhouse-gas emitting forms of power production and providing inherent safety, lower construction and operating costs and proliferation resistance. As part of the recently announced New Brunswick SMR Research and Development Cluster, Moltex Energy proposes to build their first-of-a-kind Stable Salt Reactor (SSR) at the Point Lepreau site in southwestern NB.

Process Intensification approach for chemicals production from waste and biomass

This project aims to develop a sustainable approach to produce value-added products from waste and biomass. The industrial partner (Enerkem) uses municipal solid waste and other biomass to produce syngas, which is further converted to methanol or ethanol. Currently, the company seeks to enhance this capability by producing other value-added chemicals. One of the key steps in the desired technology is the production of methyl acetate.

Mathematical modelling of Reversible Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (RSOFCs) for the conversion of CO2 and H2O to syngas

SeeO2 energy and the Birss group (UCalgary) have developed world-leading catalysts for RSOFC systems with promising performance for the production of syngas and power from H2O/CO2 feeds. Today, the company is aiming to scale-up this technology and move towards commercialization by building larger cells, up to 5 x 5 cm2 (16 cm2 electrode area). However, the process of scaling-up RSOFCs presents many challenges in understanding the effects of fabrication and operation parameters on the cell performance at larger scale.

Characterization and Pelletization of Western Red Cedar Residue

The key objective of this research is to test the Refuse-Derived Fuel supplied by ICC and investigate parameters involved in making durable pellets from these residues. This will include conducting a series of pelletization tests with different mixture recipe, pre-conditioning of material as well as adding binders. The produced pellets will then be tested for their calorific value, chemical composition, chlorine content and ash content. ICC plans to convert RDF to heat, and electricity through gasification.