Preserving Affordable Rental Housing: Tenant Opportunity to Purchase, Housing Cooperatives, and Land Trusts

Housing is becoming increasingly unaffordable in Canadian cities and tenants are struggling. Financialized landlords and other investment companies are depleting the affordable rental stock in the private market much faster than new social rental units are being created. One solution is for tenants to have the opportunity to collectively purchase their own buildings when landlords decide to sell. Tenants could convert buildings to limited-equity housing cooperatives leased from a land trust for the long term.

Toward a more Accessible Canada: Benchmarking and Analyzing Accessibility in Canadian Municipalities

The project aims to collect accessibility data in rural municipalities in six town across Canada. These six municipalities include Salmon Arm and Golden, BC., Sylvan and Banff AB., and Rosetown and Maple Creek, SK. The accessibility data will look at a variety of different features that will deem a public business (hotels, restaurants, public services, etc.) either accessible, partially accessible, or not accessible.

The kinematics and chemistry of Au-bearing quartz veins, Ruby Creek, British Columbia

The area around Atlin, northern BC, contains high concentrations of gold in river gravels. This gold came from gold-bearing quartz veins, which were eroded by the rivers. Different researchers have proposed that the gold in these quartz veins is sourced from mantle rocks, or two different granites nearby. The recent discovery of gold-bearing quartz veins in drill-core in one of these granites offers new insights into their formation.

Porosity Development in the karstic Silurian Lockport Group and Salina A Unit in southwestern Ontario and the application of core CT scanning technique

Lockport Group is a carbonate rocks succession that subcrops in southwestern Ontario; a potable water source, oil/natural gas producer and storage, and a hydrochemical indicator interval for potential nuclear waste disposal. Using core logging and lithofacies analysis to establish a sequence stratigraphic model, it is possible to document and interpret the regional geographic and stratigraphic variations in sedimentary and diagenetic facies.

A comparison of the geology of stratabound high grade V, Ni, Mo, and PGE mineralization at the Rod property Yukon Territory and other highly metalliferous shales in Yukon and China.

In this project the intern will preform detailed geological mapping and where available drill core logging at a series of sites of known highly metalliferous shales in the Yukon Territory and Northwest Territories. This will be followed by detailed reflected and transmitted light optical microscopy. Select samples will be further analysed using scanning electron microscope. This will allow comparisons of these less well understood occurrences (Rod, Van, Harvest, Harlot, and Harlow properties) with the better understood occurrences elsewhere in Yukon and China.

Understanding how river bank side slopes and sediment size control failure thresholds in steep streams - Year two

Northwest Hydraulic Consultants Ltd. (NHC) is often involved in the restoration and design of steep streams. To date when assessing these river channels, NHC has relied upon experimental results conducted with fixed vertical river banks and a series of assumptions have been used to figure out how to make river channels with sloped banks. These assumptions introduce risk into the design process and likely result in the rock used to make the channel banks being over-sized. We plan to address this issue through a combination of physical experiments and field data collection.

Development of sustainable technology based on natural clay mineral

Most Canadians live in the urban regions, and most Canadian cities receive snow every year. For instance, Montreal receives about 2.3 meter of snow every year. This snow accommodates various human-made pollutants in cities and accumulates over long Canadian winter. This application to support an intern which will be involved in a collaborative project with PO-labs within PRIMA Quebec aiming to build upon the new innovation at McGill using clay minerals. We intend to use these traps to remove pollutants in snow.

Evaluation of geomorphic assessment methods and geomorphic performance of river restoration designs in mountain streams in British Columbia

River restoration in the steep mountain streams of British Columbia focuses on enhancing conditions for fish habitat, including salmon spawning habitat. These restoration projects are designed using 2D hydraulic models, but their performance during large flood events is relatively unknown. This project will use a set of laboratory experiments to assess the performance of common designs under large flood events. A scaled model of a restoration design will be built, and the sediment transport and topographic change of the channel during simulated floods will be measured.

Developing secure platforms for sharing First Nations owned information

The development and advancement of web mapping technologies is opening the doors to new mapping platforms that are accessible, interactive and engaging. In a conservation and resource co-management setting, there is a large potential for these web mapping platforms to be used to empower local communities by supporting local monitoring, planning and management decisions. However, there remains a disconnect between these technological advances and their capacity to address community needs and promote meaningful co-management.

Toronto Ambient Air Quality Impacts from COVID-19

The use and burning of fossil fuels, such as oil and gas for transportation and industrial activities, are sources of both air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. While air pollution affects human health, greenhouse gas contributes to climate change. Therefore, reducing fossil fuel use can improve air quality as well as help fight climate change. The restrictions on transportation and industrial activities put in place in Toronto to limit the spread of COVID-19 provide a unique opportunity to help identify the sources of air pollution in the area.