Land capability modeling for the Canadian prairies towards ecosystem services offset protocols

Humanity faces the triple challenge of stabilizing climate, ensuring food security, and safeguarding nature. Innovative approaches for climate- and biodiversity-friendly agriculture capable of sustaining resilient production landscapes are urgently needed. Carbon markets offer a platform for market-driven solutions that incentivize soil carbon sequestration through nature-based solutions. Canada employs a cap-and-trade scheme for domestic carbon credit trading on route to net-zero carbon emissions by 2050.

Accelerated Carbon Capture, Utilization and Storage in Mine Tailings

Reducing carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions to limit the impacts of climate change requires implementation of CO2 reduction technologies across a wide variety of industries. This research project will develop carbon management and sequestration technologies for reducing CO2 emissions in the mining industry with a focus on diamond mines in Canada, South Africa and Botswana.

Implementation, Parameterization and Validation of a Confinement-Dependent Constitutive Model for Brittle Failure of Rock

With ever-increasing societal demands for mineral and energy resources, mining and civil tunnelling projects are developing deeper and more complex underground excavations. Experiences are showing that the response of rock at these depths is significantly different and much more hazardous than that previously encountered at shallower depths for which many of our current engineering design tools were developed.

Multi-spectral Forestry Mapping for First Nations using RPAS

This project aims to explore the application of remotely piloted aircraft systems (RPAS, aka drones) to assess forest health, explore early identification of disease and infestation and provide quantitative post-harvest analysis. The use of drones for this type of assessment has the potential to improve the overall picture of forest health, aid in decision-making regarding preferential harvesting of trees, and measurably increase profits by identifying marketable timber products post-harvest.

Structural Geology and Controls on Gold Mineralization, MaginoDeposit, Wawa Subprovince, Northern Ontario

The intern will determine which factors determine the distribtuion of gold at the Magino gold project, near Wawa Ontario. This will be accomplished by geologic mapping and examination of drill core at the Magino site during two summer field seasons. Samples and data collected in the filed will be returned to Laureitan University and examined using petrographic microscope and scanning electron microprobes as well as preparation of a geologic map and cross section focused on the structural geologic framework of the deposit.

Cumulative effects of climate and land cover change on river flows in mountain catchments

As glaciers retreat, the reduction in area available for melting ultimately causes declines in summer streamflow. In addition, evaporation from newly formed lakes and evapotranspiration from vegetation establishment on deglaciated areas would act to further reduce summer streamflow. However, these latter processes have received little attention to date. The objective of the project is to advance our ability to incorporate these processes into hydrologic models that can used to make projections of future water availability under changing climate and land cover conditions.

Seabed mapping for improved modelling of ocean circulation and glacier-ocean interactions in the Canadian Arctic

The loss of ice from glaciers in the Canadian Arctic is an important contributor to global sea level rise. Where glaciers are in contact with warm ocean water submarine melting and calving of icebergs can play an important role in driving this ice loss. However, the ability to model the circulation of warm ocean water, which is found at depth in the Canadian Arctic, is severely limited by a lack of data on the depth and topography of the ocean floor.

City of Markham Inclusive Community Engagement Research Project

The proposed research project will explore how cities can do a better job at engaging everyone in the community planning process. This research will result in a collection of best practices and recommendations to help the City of Markham better engage with individuals in the community that are traditionally excluded from the planning process. This may include racial and ethnic minorities, youth, older adults, low-income residents, and individuals with mental and physical disabilities, among others.

Integration of Electromagnetics in Potash Mining Geohazard Analysis

Potash is a mineral that is mined for use as fertilizer in agriculture. Potash accounted for $6.4 billion in exports from Saskatchewan in 2018 and potash mining represents a large fraction of the economy of Saskatchewan. When mining potash, it is important to avoid mining into areas near water-filled porous rocks since this can cause flooding. As a result, the ability to detect water-bearing regions at a distance, using geophysical techniques, would be highly desirable.

Beneficial Reuse of Sulphur Impacted Soils to Remediate Cement and Concrete Contaminated Sites

This project will use contaminated soils from two types of contaminated sites and combine them, resulting in the soils “treating” each other. The first type of soil used is sulphur contaminated soils, which are created near sulphur stockpiles on industrial oil and gas sites. The second type of soil being treated is cement and concrete contaminated soil, which is created on sites where large amount of concrete are produced and stored over long timeframes. One of the primary concerns with concrete contaminated soils is high pH, which can be lowered by sulphur.