The estimation and prediction of crop biomass and final yield using UAV-based point cloud data

This study will focus on an alternative remote sensing method for crop long-term biomass monitoring and prediction of final yield using Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) based 3D point cloud data in Southwestern Ontario. Currently, biomass and yield are estimated from statistical and crop growth models. However, statistical models are only applicable for specific area or environmental conditions; crop growth models require many input parameters which are impractical for individual farmers. The allometric method could be an alternative for crop biomass estimation.

Coupled human-salmon-bear systems of coastal British Columbia

The Raincoast Conservation Foundation pursues conservation initiatives in coastal British Columbia through science, outreach, and sustainable economies, such as ecotourism or community-driven fisheries management informed by local knowledge and ecology. The success of wildlife viewing ecotourism greatly depends on knowing areas and time periods predictably used by target species. The goal of the proposed research is to inform initiatives of Raincoast and its ecotourism partners (e.g. Spirit Bear Lodge, Wuikinuxv First Nation, Nimmo Bay Resort) by research on commercially-valuable wildlife.

Chopping Away at Hunger: Social Gradients of Food Insecurity in Vancouver, BC

Urban centres such as Vancouver are sites of socio-economic inequality, which creates differential levels of food security. The primary objective of my research is to map social gradients of food insecurity in Metro Vancouver. In the process of creating this map, I will develop a set of food security indicators and generate baseline scores for Metro Vancouver neighbourhoods. Based on my findings, I will formulate recommendations for improving data availability, as well as for strategically developing food assets for locations in need.

Better Benchmarks, Better Urban Design

This project will assess the value in measuring sustainability outcomes according to place-specific baselines rather than universal thresholds set by rating systems and frameworks. It seeks a stronger foundation for sustainable design that can acknowledge place-specific factors. Ultimately, this work will lead to the establishment of a decision-making protocol about sustainable design options and outcomes that can be applied in a range of contexts, for better choices, made more justifiably, better understanding of impact, and a better sense of progress across projects.

An order-reduced simulation framework for 3D multiscale geophysical electromagnetic problems

The goal of this research is to investigate the extension of upscaling and multiscale methods and their application to efficiently simulate (frequency-dependent and time-dependent) electromagnetic fields in geophysical scenarios that include metallic-cased boreholes and fractures filled with conductive/resistive fluids. Simulating this type of geophysical settings is quite challenging because they consider highly heterogeneous media and features at multiple spatial scales that require a very large mesh to be accurately represented.

Municipal inclusion and human rights

Pivot Legal Society seeks to improve the lives and the health of people who are homeless, use drugs, and/or engage in sex work through law and policy reform. Beginning in 2017 Pivot begun a large scale project to expand its knowledge base and networks with the goal of creating inclusive communities and promoting respect for human rights across British Columbia. Pivot now seeks to develop a body of analysis and export reports concerning the intersection of human rights of marginalized populations and municipal governance.

Evaluating Natural Channel Design Performance in Southern Ontario

Natural channel design practices are continually evolving, but monitoring the performance and success of these urban river engineering projects is often limited to sparse point measurements of streamflow, stream morphology, and species inventories during the 2 - 5 years following construction. The result is relatively few data on the overall performance of natural channel design projects, both in terms of the original project goals and geomorphic function (no net erosion and deposition).

Heavy Rare Earth Elements: New Insight into Mineralogical Parameters That Impact Mine Processing

Current Heavy Rare Earth Element (HREE) processing techniques are expensive, environmentally-challenging, and slow. Kinetic models predict that the rate of acid permeation of a mineral is the rate controlling step. Therefore, permeation rate controls the acid quantity and residency time of the mineral in the acid bath; impacting costs. Kinetic models are based on structural assumptions including the uniform distribution of elements within a mineral. This study proposes to employ atom probe tomography on the HREE-mineral gadolinite: an ore mineral in the resource at Strange Lake, Quebec.

Geochemical analysis of low-sulphidation epithermal deposits on the La Victoria property in the Ancash Department of the Republic of Peru

This research project will focus on analytical techniques related to determining the gold geochemistry of the La Victoria property in the western Peruvian Andes. The La Victoria property is found along a major gold belt that is host to some world class deposits such as Yanacocha, Lagunas Norte, La Arena and Shahuindo. Based on initial exploration techniques, two major mineralized areas (San Markito and Rufina) have been identified as important for gold exploration.

Assessing the role of small-scale structures in controlling auriferous fluid flow: Nadaleen trend, Yukon.

Carlin-type gold deposits (CTGDs) are large, high-grade gold deposits named after the world renowned occurrences in Nevada. Despite their economic importance, agreement on how they formed is still lacking. We are undertaking an integrated geological and geochemical study of CTGDs in the Nadaleen trend, Yukon, to better define the hydrological regime that controlled their formation. The proposed Mitac internship will form part of the overall study – performing detailed analysis of small scale features that were potential fluid flow pathways for hot gold-bearing hydrothermal fluids.