Assessing the validity of virtual simulation as a learning tool in the medical field. - Year 2

With the increasing prevalence of mobile devices, it is unsurprising that they are also being adapted for use as tools for learning and perfecting complex procedures. One of these uses is training health care providers through simulated medical procedures. Two important points should be considered when designing simulated systems to assess the efficacy and efficiency of these teaching tools. 1) Individual differences in emotional biases and learning profiles may necessitate personalized stimulus presentations within simulated environments to achieve optimal and translatable learning.

Pharmacogenetic Biomarker Discovery, Personalized Medicine, and Clinical Test Commercialization in Neuropsychiatry

Pharmacotherapy is one of the primary treatments for psychiatric disorders. Given the variation in individual response, and the current trial-and-error treatment, a more personalized approach is needed. The Mitacs Elevate postdoctoral trainee will gain direct experience with all aspects of using pharmacogenetic testing to personalize medication prescriptions for patients, and the commercialization of the test.

Core Values & Core Work: Recognizing the Person in the Employee

An organization's greatest strength are employees who live their values, who feel valued, and whose ideas are valuable to the continued success of their workplace. On an individual level, the alignment of personal values with the work undertaken is essential to achieve personal and professional potential as well as job satisfaction and general well-being.
In the current study we assess engineering employee?s core values and how they are realized in their work environment by applying a multi-method approach.

Assessing trust of artificial intelligence technology in the context of workplace relations

The goal of the project is to gain insight into individuals’ reactions to an artificial intelligence (AI) product currently in development at Kiite. The product is designed to fulfill some of the role responsibilities typically occupied by a manager. Trust is an important factor in both leader-employee relationships and in user experiences with AI-based systems. Thus, the partnership with Kiite offers a novel research opportunity to contribute to an emerging area of research on when and why humans are liable to (dis)trust AI technology in the workplace.

Evaluating a Single-Site Supportive Housing Program for People with Serious Mental Illness and Histories of Homelessness

This project will involve an evaluation of a program to house people who have serious mental illness, and who have had experiences of homelessness. There will be two parts to this study. First, the study will examine how this program has been implemented. A study of the implementation of the program will provide information that the program can use to improve how the program functions. Second, the study will examine the outcomes for people who are housed through the program. A key outcome to be examined will be whether people who are housed able to keep their housing.

Understanding and improving techniques to teach financial literacy in children

Youths spend over $141 billion annually. Yet, these same youth often demonstrate extremely poor understanding of healthy financial habits such as emergency funds and budgeting. The proposed project seeks to tackle two main questions through the Dojo financial literacy learning application. First, what principles/techniques have been shown to positively impact financial literacy (e.g., interactive games, infographics, etc)? Second, is the Dojo platform an effective tool for teaching children about financial literacy?

Exploring the lived experience of survivors: The link between intimate partner violence (IPV) and traumatic brain injury (TBI)

Past research has established that a high percentage of women in violent relationships experience a traumatic brain injury (TBI), with one article estimating approximately 23 million women in the US living with a TBI from intimate partner violence (IPV) (Ivany & Schminkey, 2016). While previous research has focused on establishing the link between IPV and TBI, further research needs to be conducted into the experiences of these women. The present project seeks to do exactly that, through interviewing of 6-8 women from The Cridge Centre for the Family.

Regulating Abnormal Connectivity in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder via Real-time fMRI Neurofeedback

Patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are characterized by decreased prefrontal cortex (PFC) regulation on hyperactive emotion generation regions, such as the amygdala. Real-time (rt)-fMRI neurofeedback allows for localized brain regions to be self-regulated through neuroimaging signal feedback. Recently within our lab, learning to decrease amygdala activation via neurofeedback was shown to normalize the neural circuitry maintaining PTSD, which was negatively correlated to symptoms.

Perceptual training in melanoma diagnosis using skin lesion images

Melanoma, the most deadly type of skin cancer, has increasing incidence and a high mortality rate. Early diagnosis of melanoma is currently the only way to reduce the mortality rate as well as the health care cost of treating melanoma. However, the existing approaches in training melanoma diagnosis are not effective. In this project, we will evaluate a perceptual approach, which mirrors how dermatologists improve their ability in melanoma diagnosis, to train melanoma diagnosis.

Improving signal processing in hearing aids to support music and emotional speech - Year 2

Hearing aid research has traditionally focused on improving speech intelligibility for people with hearing loss, but there is increasing interest in addressing other aspects of hearing that contribute to quality of life, particularly music and other non-linguistic information. Listening to music through hearing aids is often dissatisfying due to distortions introduced by current algorithms. Hearing aids restore the intelligibility but not the emotional content of speech, which is carried by acoustic cues that are similar to salient dimensions of music.

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