Passerine migration and stopover across an urban gradient

To develop ‘green’ cities and to assess environmental impacts in cities, it is essential to understand the spatial distribution of sensitive species, such as migrating birds. Migration is a costly and dangerous time for songbirds, with up to 80% mortality during their first migration. As migratory birds are protected under the federal Migratory Bird Act, there is a need to better understand how we can best protect migratory birds and their critical habitats and stopover sites.

The Effects Of Road Reclamation Method On Woodland Caribou And Other Boreal Species

This study will examine the relationship between reclamation methods and when deactivated roads become suitable for caribou, using developing UAV technology to monitor caribou while testing UAV effectiveness in the field. This will be done by establishing long-term cameras along reclaimed road sites, monitoring wildlife movement through the study areas and by completing aerial wildlife surveys with UAVs and different sensors to establish a baseline count of the animals within the area and aid in tracking their movements.

LiDAR derived wood quality attributes across the landscape

The proposed research will create value added models that will be used to predict wood quality attributes (wood density and fibre dimensions) on the landscape within Ontario’s boreal forest. This will be achieved by modeling stem and stand attributes from airborne laser scanner data (LiDAR). The derived stems and stand attributes (such as tree height, diameter, crown length, and stocking) will be used as predictors of inherent wood quality attributes (Fibre dimensions and wood density).

Assessing soil parameters using reflectance spectroscopy

The goal of the research undertaken as part of this project is to develop a system to measure soil properties in the field based on near infrared light reflectance. Using machine learning, the complex near infrared data can be turned into valuable soil analytical data. By supporting this research, Route 7 Inc. will obtain an innovative portable soil measurement system that will provide data on soil immediately in the field for much cheaper than currently used laboratory analytical testing. Using this system, Route 7 Inc.

Evaluation of the potential benefits of the implementation of battery-powered electric LHD (load-haul-dump) machines in the conditions of a deep underground gold mine

This project will offer a comprehensive review of the latest battery electric-powered equipment addressed to UG mining industry. Consequently, the research will contribute to a better understanding of the technology. Westwood mine will assist the student with his research with the opportunity of acquiring experimental data on battery electric prototypes. The enquiry will serve to either justify or preclude the use of battery-electric vehicles as a possible way out to diesel powered vehicles usage in UG mining operations.

Low maintenance lawn with big climate footprint

Reduction in C release to atmosphere and sequestering in soil has shown strong potential to combat climate change and only possible source where city landscapes can sequester C in soil is mainly in the lawns. Researching on new varieties on lawn grasses to increase C sequestration has the potential to reduce grower’s resilience on high maintenance grass species with least C sequestration potential. Cangro Enterprise Inc.

Testing Erosion Prediction Tools in the Simonette River Watershed, Northern Alberta

This project aims to provide real-world, verifiable estimates of impacts to watersheds from usage of back-country logging and resource roads. fRI in partnership with the University of Alberta, MiTACS and Canfor is testing computer-based tools developed in the United States to apply them to watersheds in Alberta. Given the different geography, soil types, and relief in Alberta, these tools may need to be refined to reflect the unique conditions present in our foothills natural region.

Integrating hydrological process science into watershed management for the Upper Athabasca

Water use, land use and climate change can alter hydrology and effect the downstream availably of water and timing of flows. The Athabasca River is vital for supply of oil sands energy development and in-stream aquatic habitats. Much of the water for the river originates in the Mountain and Foothills Regions, in the Upper Athabasca. The Foothills Region is busy landscape with, forestry, natural forest disturbance, and upstream oil and gas developments. WaterSMART is developing a multi-stakeholder project in hopes to inform decision making.

An Analysis of Flax Breeding Programs in Western Canada

Canada is the largest producer of flax in the world and the demand for flax is expected to increase significantly due to its proven health benefits. At the same time, the number of flax breeding programs in Western Canada has recently decreased from three programs to just one breeding program. The producer funded Saskatchewan Flax Development Commission (SaskFlax) is contemplating an expansion of flax breeding activity to address the deficit.

Sustainable production of engineered wood products in Northwestern Ontario: Developing harmonized decision models and standards for local materials

The global demand for engineered wood products (EWP) is increasing and in the last two decades, timber has captured substantial market shares from the mineral-based solid construction materials, particularly in the construction of residential and non-residential buildings. Although, the production of glue laminated timber (Glulam) and cross laminated timber (CLT) engineered wood products has been growing in other provinces of Canada, there are no manufacturing facilities in Ontario to service the local and the Midwest and Great Lakes States markets.