Nowadays, automotive companies are seeking to use prospective robust, light-weight, anti-corrosive and cost-effective composites such as fibre reinforced polymer (FRP), instead of traditional materials like steel or aluminum alloy, to make their products more competitive in the market. The sponsor company in this project, Litens Automotive Group, is investigating the feasibility of adopting FRP to manufacture high torque capacity drive pulleys.
Li-ion batteries (LIBs) are currently the most important power source for a wide variety of applications such as cell phones, laptops, computers and other portable electronics. They are also considered as very promising storage/power systems for future electric/hybrid-electric powered transportation. Although clever cell design and improvements in cell subcomponents can bear potential for volume and weight reduction, major developments in high energy density cathode and anode active materials are essential.
Air pollution is a major environmental risk to human health, and air quality has become an increasing concern in the industrialized world. Rapid and accurate detection and characterization of airborne particulates is crucial for monitoring and improving air quality. In this proposal, we develop a compact, cost-effective, computational lens-free holography platform for high-throughput characterization of airborne particulates.
Problem: Airports are increasingly important, both economically and socially, for the movement of people and goods. A major risk faced by airports is the potential for collisions between aircraft and birds (bird strikes). Bird strikes are dangerous and expensive, with costs including the repair of damaged aircraft and of closed runways delaying flights and leaving planes in the air until they are cleared.
Objective: We will determine whether pest control of insects around airfields can decrease the abundance of foraging birds near runways and reduce the risk of bird strikes.
Liquefied natural gas (LNG) has up to 20% CO2 and 90% NOx fewer emissions than diesel; making it a cleaner alternative fuel for mobile applications. LNG has high volumetric energy density and is cost effective ($0.5 cheaper than diesel gallon equivalent). However, LNG is stored at low temperatures (-162ºC) and releases boil-off gas that contributes to the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. In collaboration with Westport Power Inc., the global leader in natural gas engines, we aim to identify the weaknesses in the LNG distribution chain to reduce the GHG emissions and the LNG delivery cost.
Autonomous vehicle technologies and associated smart infrastructures are innovative technologies that can provide many benefits to transportation such as reducing traffic congestion and collisions, improving ridership experience by operating in a more on-demand application providing real-time updates to the rider, and reducing GHG emissions through integration of electric propulsion and route optimization technologies.
Pure Technologies is a world leader in the development and application of innovative technologies for inspection, monitoring and management of physical infrastructure including water and hydrocarbon pipelines, buildings and bridges. Over the years, Pure Technologies has developed innovative, proprietary and patented technologies to provide infrastructure owners with comprehensive, state-of-the-art information. For the inspection of large diameter water pipelines, Pure Technologies has developed a platform named PipeDiver.
Considering the soot-free burning characteristics of DME/OME fuel, highly diluted intake charge can be introduced in order to realize ultra-low nitrogen oxides emissions. However, the ignition process of the highly diluted fuel/air mixture is difficult, and an unstable ignition process is detrimental to fuel efficiency and engine performance. In this project, innovative ignition systems including a multi-site ignition system. and volumetric ignition system, together with novel ignition strategies will be developed.
The intern will support the Canadian Bobsleigh Team in its efforts to reduce ice friction between a bobsleigh and the race track. Therefore, a numerical heat transfer model will be developed, and novel procedures to attain the smoothest possible runner surfaces will be researched. Furthermore, we will apply concepts underlying lubrication theory to runner surfaces bycombining hard and soft coatings through micromachining. All these efforts will result in a better understanding for the variables that are most relevant to ice friction in the context of international bobsleigh competitions.
Sitting can become particularly problematic when individuals remain in a fixed position for a prolonged period of time. Pressure can develop in the areas of the body that are compressed by the seat, which can lead to a significant reduction in blood flow to the surrounding tissues. As a result, seat adjustability becomes necessary for the maintenance of good health since movement would help relieve pressure from areas of the body compressed by the seat. Using subjective and objective measures of comfort, a fully adjustable manual and new autonomous seating concept will be compared.