Optimization tools for short-term hydropower generation management

Short-term hydropower optimization models are used on a daily basis to dispatch the available water for production between the turbines of the power plants that compose an hydropower system. Rio Tinto owns and operates power plants in the Saguenay Lac-St-Jean region of the province of Quebec and is currently lacking efficient tools to help the engineers in the daily decision making for the management of their hydropower system. The objective of this project is to develop tools to solve the short-term optimization model and therefore improve the water productivity of the hydropower system.

Research and development of real-time voltage control and loss minimization method in power distribution grids using micro-PMU and distributed reactive power generation

Enbala Power Networks Inc., a Canadian leader in distributed energy resource management, and the University of British Columbia, Okanagan have teamed up to develop real-time voltage control and loss minimization method for power distribution grids integrating large-scale renewable energy sources. The proposed method uses micro-Phasor Measurement Units (PMUs) and distributed reactive power control to achieve real-time voltage control and transmission loss minimization.

Next Generation PtM catalysts for Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells

The production of optimised catalysts and catalyst layers for proton exchange membrane fuel cells is both labour intensive and time consuming. However, these materials and composites are of critical importance if proton exchange membrane fuel cells are to become commercially viable. Specifically, highly active catalysts are required in order to reduce platinum group metal content and system cost, while optimized catalyst layer designs are necessary to achieve high performance and robustness in operating cells.

Development of in operando characterization methods for lithium ion battery materials - Year two

The successful commercialization of new cathode materials for lithium ion batteries requires an improved and detailed understanding of the correlations between their structure, properties, and performance. Such a correlation will provide a foundation for better understanding the degradation mechanisms and optimized operating conditions for these cathode materials; pairing new battery materials with ideal applications and standardizing the methods by which these materials are evaluated.

Development of a Co-Simulation Platform for Electrical Systems

The proposed research aims to develop better computer simulation tools for the study of large electrical power systems. The premise of the research is based upon the concept of co-simulation, wherein two specialized computer simulation tools, each with unique features and strengths, are used in conjunction to solve a large electrical system. In the particular case of the proposed research work, this will be achieved using an interface between an electromagnetic transient (EMT) simulator and a dynamic-phasor (DP) simulator.

Wide Area Measurement Based Robust Damping Controllers for Power Systems with Embedded Power Electronic Devices - Year two

This research will investigate Wide Area Measurement based controllers for improving stability in systems with HVDC and FACTS devices embedded in AC networks. The approach will extend the candidate’s Ph.D. research which introduced a new method that is always able to guarantee improved damping of all modes in the face wide changes in the network. The approach will lead to controller designs which are robust against configuration or operating point changes, or communication loss.

Automated Condition Rating of Power Transmission Infrastructure

Increasing dependence on electricity has given an extra weight to the importance of power transmission line reliability. Service reliability can be improved with proper monitoring techniques and maintenance procedures. Improved condition assessment techniques can help avoid unexpected component failures of power transmission lines by assisting in assessment of current physical state of the system or components compared to its original condition.

Development of a Quantitative Reliability-based Analysis (QRA) Framework for Pipelines Exposed to Geotechnical Threats

Pipelines are a common means to transport oil, gas, and other petroleum products used by citizens in everyday life. These pipelines sometimes traverse slopes, where soil movement caused by erosion or excessive precipitation can lead to pipeline damage which may result in release of product to the environment. The results of this study will allow pipeline operators to better assess the potential for this damage to occur to ensure that the pipe can be repaired or the soil movement prevented before any safety concern arises.

Methodological Advance of Energy-Economy Climate Policy Models

The overall objective for this project is to support the research of two master’s students who would help advance the methods for modelling energy-climate policies, a field in which EMRG in the School of Resource and Environmental Management at SFU is one of the leading research units in the country and in which Navius Research Incorporated is the leading Canadian consulting firm, providing support to governments and other stakeholders in the development and assessment of energy and climate policy.

PART B- Conversion of CO2 and H2O to Syngas Using Reversible Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (RSOFCs) Technology

The main objective of this project is to demonstrate the highly promising performance of our world-leading catalysts in a scaled-up solid oxide electrolysis cell (SOEC) system. SOECs can efficiently convert the greenhouse gas, CO2, or mixtures of CO2 and H2O, to useful chemicals and fuels, while running on excess electricity, thus serving to store intermittent electricity generated by wind and solar.
The SOECs developed to date in our group are based on a family of new catalysts composed of low cost earth-abundant metals. These cells (ca.