Many seniors are spending their time lying in bed or sitting in recumbent chairs because of chronic conditions that limit their mobility. It is crucial to assure that their position is changed regularly to prevent bedsores. Therefore, a monitoring system is required to not only remind the caregivers or family members to reposition the patients regularly but also to have a minimum interference with the patients’ normal lifestyles.
Our research proposal will explore the unified airway theory and determine whether the sinuses express biological similarities to the lungs in participants who only clinically present with Chronic Rhinosinusitis (CRS)or asthma and not with both diseases. The unified airway theory suggests that the lower (lungs) and upper (sinuses) airways are intrinsically connected and function together as one unit and the biological processes, such as inflammation, in the lower airway are similar in the upper airway.
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), is a chronic debilitating lung disorder that affects thousands of Canadians and millions of individuals worldwide. The signs and symptoms of IPF often overlap with other common respiratory illnesses making a definitive diagnosis of this disease difficult. As a result, patients are frequently misdiagnosed and treated with inappropriate therapies. As such, there is a unmet clinical need to develop blood-based biomarkers for the confirmation of IPF to minimize the incidence of misdiagnosis.
The Mitacs project will build on the findings of a 2019 study and explore the experiences of newcomer families—specifically those in the cultural minority—with children 0-5 years old in community-based early learning and child care (ELCC) in Edmonton. The study will look at the lived experiences of these families as they access and receive ELCC in Edmonton, and see what opportunities exist to bridge the gap between cultural minorities and mainstream ELCC to shift approaches and practices.
Currently there are few standards for evaluating service delivery, and since health care service delivery is a domain of the provinces, new health care services need to be tested and evaluated in each province before being widely offered. This leads to inefficiency in evaluations as well as unequal access to new services across the country. Also, the evaluations that are done are usually based on what the service delivery organization values about the programming rather than what the patient community served by the programming values.
Post-secondary student mental health is of great concern, with increased rates of anxiety, depression, feelings of isolation, and suicidality observed. The COVID-19 pandemic has exacerbated mental health stressors and concerns about campus suicides, already on the rise. In response, the BC Ministry of Mental Health and Addictions has funded the BC Campus Suicide Prevention Initiative (CSPI), partnering with the Canadian Mental Health Association, BC division (CMHA BC) who will distribute funding and offer technical support to all 25 BC publicly funded post-secondary institutions.
There are thousands of people with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in Canada. Many are isolated socially, and
their health is compromised because they are not physically active. New innovative approaches are being investigated that can lead to more effective strategies to enhance the quality of life for people with ASD and their families.
Interning with a community based organization, the Chinook Sexual Assault Centre in Lethbridge, I will aim to research and explore the needs of marginalized and racialized communities as it pertains to sexual assault resources and policy creation/implementation. That is, I aim to research how university sexual assault policy may be successful and where it may need improvement based on the lived-experiences of marginalized and racialized communities.
Individuals with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) often struggle to relax, or simply be at ‘rest.’ In particular, recent research has revealed participants with PTSD show hyper-activity across the visual cortex while at rest. Referred to as sensory hyper-activity and disinhibition, altered resting-state patterns are thought to be underlying hypervigilance and re-living sensations clinically, as well as cognitive deficits, which may be produced when cognitive resources are overwhelmed by sensory hyper-activity.
As oxygen demand increases (e.g., exercise), the availability of oxygen decreases (e.g., high altitude) or cardiopulmonary function is impaired (e.g., respiratory disease), our cardiopulmonary system works at a greater percentage of its maximal capacity to supply oxygenated blood to tissues. Currently, there is no reliable way of determining the blood flow to the respiratory muscles. The current technique (near-infrared spectroscopy with injectable dyes) has conflicting data and limitations which hinders our understanding of respiratory muscle blood flow.