Evaluation of the mechanical properties of the bone-implant interface in dental implants

Skin-penetrating bone-anchored implants are used in a variety of applications to provide tremendous functional benefits to patients. Globally, the dental implant industry has been valued at 5.08 billion USD where implants are used for replacing single teeth, for larger prostheses, and for full dental arches. The success of these implants relies on a structural integration between the implant and the living bone. Evaluation of the integrity of the bone-implant interface is important to prescribe loading, to identify the risk of failure, and to monitor the long-term health of the implant.

Validating Artificial Intelligence Algorithms for Breast Cancer Detection

While mammograms remain the best available technology for early detection of breast cancer, there are a high number of false positive mammograms and biopsies, leading to increased costs to the medical system on follow-up procedures and increased patient anxiety. This project evaluates the performance of artificial intelligence (AI) systems for breast cancer detection using about 100,000 digital mammograms from the BC Cancer Breast Screening Program.

Development of a market prototype of a smart toothbrush for individuals with advance dementia

Dementia in general and Alzheimer Disease in particular are among the most challenging health conditions in our century. Experiencing cognitive decline, resulting in relying on others for daily living activities and impairment in basic mental tasks are the main symptoms. There are yet no proven treatments to slow or prevent Alzheimer's Disease or dementia progression; thus, they eventually need full-time care. To help patients to stay at their own home longer and ease the caregiver burden, Smart Assistive Technology (SAT) products may be greatly beneficial.

DARSA (Deep-learning Assisted Radiological Software Application):Innovative Machine Learning approaches for Detecting Pathology inImages

Many aspects of healthcare are time consuming and error prone. Recently there has been great progress in using artificial intelligence to solve a number of problems. One of the best examples of this is image labelling using a type of neural network approach called deep learning. Recent research has shown that deep learning approaches can outperform expert human radiologists when diagnosing disease in chest x-rays, in some situations. In this project we use a large set of chest x-rays as a test bed and develop a new method for software based radiological diagnosis using deep learning models.

The use of aquatic therapy to manage musculoskeletal pain in Canadian military veterans

The proposed research project has two aims: 1) to understand the experiences of Canadian Military Veterans with lower extremity pain when participating in aquatic therapy; 2) To determine the effectiveness of aquatic therapy versus land-based therapy on Canadian military veterans with chronic lower-extremity pain.

Implementation of a validated home tele-rehabilitation intervention for geriatric patients: perspectives of stakeholders

Geriatric rehabilitation programs are effective for restoring and improving the functional independence and quality of life. Nevertheless, the aim of the therapy is to return home and once it is safe, based on the condition of the patient and social environment, patients are encouraged to be discharged home. Unfortunately, this does not mean that these patients are fully rehabilitated and have reached their rehabilitation potential.

Feasibility of the Get A-Head® App for Clinical Psychology Research and Training in Emotion Focused Family Therapy

Due to COVID-19, adoption of and investment in technological solutions for remote mental health services (teletherapy) is rapidly increasing. While the evidence-base for teletherapy for individuals is robust, teletherapy research with families has been limited. Further, uptake of teletherapy by clinical training programs has been slow and knowledge about the feasibility of using these interfaces for remote live supervision has not yet been established.

Improving User Experience and Accessibility of Online Medical Test Data via Gameful Design

In this project, we plan to study and improve the existing Best Tests section of the Clinician Portal from Alpha Laboratories. Best Tests provides metrics to clinicians that allow them to compare the effectiveness and cost of their test ordering patterns. However, the problem is that many of these comparison metrics are not easy to understand and even harder to integrate into the existing routines of doctors, nurse practitioners, and lab orderers (i.e., clinicians).

Well-being in Nova Scotia’s communities: Applying a community well-being framework to track provincial health

Engage Nova Scotia currently holds the most information on Canadian’s well-being in one place, both in terms of number of Canadians and the content of the information. Drawing from the Canadian Index of Well-Being framework, we are able to compare well-being between communities in Nova Scotia to better understand what helps or hinders a high quality of life. This project will focus on analyzing the well-being data and developing infrastructure within the organization to build on this research.

Health benefits of living in a wellness-centred community

The general objective of this project is to test for improvements in the physiological and psychosocial health of residents in a wellness-centred community (e.g. the Wellness Suites) who engage in a prescribed healthy lifestyle that emphasizes regular exercise and a modified vegan (i.e. Pegan) diet. Physiological, molecular, and psychosocial assessments will be used to identify participant progress from day of intake to six months, and to identify new biomarkers of healthy aging.