Blockchains operate as perhaps the most promising system of trust for any type of digital transaction of value -- everything from cryptocurrencies to patient medical records. But a number of barriers -- involving social institutions, data and identity management and technological processes -- stand in the way of broader adoption. These challenges also ultimately speak to fundamental issues of trust and perceived legitimacy on the part of both service providers and their end users.
Apelin, an innate peptide, is a critical component of the apelin pathway, which is responsible for regulatory mechanisms of the cardiovascular system. Apelin is downregulated in patients with cardiovascular disease, therefore limiting the cardioprotective potential of the pathway. This project focuses on the optimization of a biological analog, able to withstand enzyme degradation with improved function that acts as a substitute for apelin.
This research will focus on developing a framework of effective practices for collaboration among child and youth mental health service providers in different sectors including health, social services, and education.
Blood biomarkers have been an invaluable tool in concussion research. Through their use, we have improved our knowledge on the processes that occur in the brain and body following injury and have seen promise for future implementation in a clinical setting to inform injury severity, type, and treatment responses. However, many different biomarker technologies exist, and it is not clear to what extent they may differ, or whether results derived from them can be compared. Hence, validation is needed.
The main objective of this short-term Mitacs project is to gather evidence through research to support Inter Pares’ development of Performance Evaluation Framework for their upcoming SRHR program, which aims to improve the sexual and reproductive health and rights of women and adolescent girls in the global south. To learn from the program implementation and to show accountability to stakeholders Inter Pares requires to develop a PEF prior to the launch of the program.
Older adults are the largest growing segment of the Canadian population. Almost 40% of men and 59% of women aged 65 to 79 years experience sleep disturbances. Non-pharmacological interventions, such as educational programs and exercise, can improve quality of life of older individuals by enhancing sleep quality. Although strong evidence suggests that virtual reality (VR) programs are effective for improving mood, memory, and cognitive performance, little is known about the effect of VR exercises on sleep quality.
Substance use significantly impacts the health and health care of many people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV), especially those dealing with additional medical, psychosocial, and economic complications. The need for comprehensive care for this population is particularly important given the current opioid overdose crisis in Canada. In response, harm reduction (HR) services (e.g., supervised injection, naloxone training, etc.) have been implemented to reduce drug-related deaths and harms. However, such services are typically not provided within hospitals/outpatient programs.
Our research goal is to improve community-based services for persons with developmental disabilities. We'll test a service that helps people who are in crisis because their caregivers find it hard to meet their needs. We'll develop and test a program to teach therapists how to involve parents in treatment decisions. Finally, we'll test a program to teach kids to cross the street safely. Our partner, St.Amant, serves thousands of individuals and families every year. St.Amant and other agencies can use what we learn to help those people live safe and independent lives in their communities.
There is a current lack of evidence-based, client-centred interventions to support youth with ASD in developing their life skills necessary for their successful transition to adulthood. The Cognitive Orientation to Daily Occupational Performance (CO-OP) approach is a client-centred, meta-cognitive intervention that supports skill acquisition through the use of global and domain specific cognitive strategies. Preliminary research has shown the promise of using the CO-OP approach with youth with ASD in achieving motor-based, social and organizational goals.
Residential displacement is common among people who use drugs (PWUD). However, we know little about the impact residential displacement has on their social and health outcomes. PWUD living with HIV may experience particularly detrimental consequences due to their structural vulnerability and complex realities of their everyday lives. Focusing on PWUD living with HIV, this study will explore the health consequences of displacement from housing in the West End and Downtown Eastside neighborhoods of Vancouver, British Columbia.