The main objective of this short-term Mitacs project is to gather evidence through research to support Inter Pares’ development of Performance Evaluation Framework for their upcoming SRHR program, which aims to improve the sexual and reproductive health and rights of women and adolescent girls in the global south. To learn from the program implementation and to show accountability to stakeholders Inter Pares requires to develop a PEF prior to the launch of the program.
Older adults are the largest growing segment of the Canadian population. Almost 40% of men and 59% of women aged 65 to 79 years experience sleep disturbances. Non-pharmacological interventions, such as educational programs and exercise, can improve quality of life of older individuals by enhancing sleep quality. Although strong evidence suggests that virtual reality (VR) programs are effective for improving mood, memory, and cognitive performance, little is known about the effect of VR exercises on sleep quality.
Substance use significantly impacts the health and health care of many people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV), especially those dealing with additional medical, psychosocial, and economic complications. The need for comprehensive care for this population is particularly important given the current opioid overdose crisis in Canada. In response, harm reduction (HR) services (e.g., supervised injection, naloxone training, etc.) have been implemented to reduce drug-related deaths and harms. However, such services are typically not provided within hospitals/outpatient programs.
Our research goal is to improve community-based services for persons with developmental disabilities. We'll test a service that helps people who are in crisis because their caregivers find it hard to meet their needs. We'll develop and test a program to teach therapists how to involve parents in treatment decisions. Finally, we'll test a program to teach kids to cross the street safely. Our partner, St.Amant, serves thousands of individuals and families every year. St.Amant and other agencies can use what we learn to help those people live safe and independent lives in their communities.
There is a current lack of evidence-based, client-centred interventions to support youth with ASD in developing their life skills necessary for their successful transition to adulthood. The Cognitive Orientation to Daily Occupational Performance (CO-OP) approach is a client-centred, meta-cognitive intervention that supports skill acquisition through the use of global and domain specific cognitive strategies. Preliminary research has shown the promise of using the CO-OP approach with youth with ASD in achieving motor-based, social and organizational goals.
Residential displacement is common among people who use drugs (PWUD). However, we know little about the impact residential displacement has on their social and health outcomes. PWUD living with HIV may experience particularly detrimental consequences due to their structural vulnerability and complex realities of their everyday lives. Focusing on PWUD living with HIV, this study will explore the health consequences of displacement from housing in the West End and Downtown Eastside neighborhoods of Vancouver, British Columbia.
Youths experience increased vulnerability to mental health challenges associated with their development and living contexts. Effective mental health promotion must consider the multidimensional determinants of resilience. To address these needs, Dr. Jenny Liu (Elevate applicant) has developed and validated an innovative model, Multi-System Model of Resilience (MSMR), which measures resilience capacities and needs at the individual, community, and structural levels. In collaboration with Hong Fook Mental Health Association (HFMHA) and with mentorship from Dr.
Many people in Canada are aging and/or may be living with a disability. These people often have to rely on caregivers, and are limited in what they can do independently. Novalte has developed a SMART technology system that connects to WiFi devices in the home to allow someone living with a disability more independence and control over their home and space. This project will involve creating implementation and knowledge translation frameworks to support a larger research project on the system and help in its rollout to a larger number of users.
A survey, comprised of 20 questions, and organized according to the following four categories/themes: 1) Patterns of use; 2) Perceived health risks; 3) Access to e-cigarettes; and 4) Exposure to cultural content (i.e. marketing and advertisements) will be distributed to a minimum of 100 students from grades 7-12 in the Ottawa private school system. The survey will also include attached images of e-cigarettes advertisements with open-ended questions to better grasp how survey respondents perceive e-cigarette ads.
Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have an inflamed digestive tract and experience diarrhea, fatigue, and abdominal pain. Youth with IBD are six times more likely to take opioids than youth without IBD. We are currently in the midst of an opioid crisis. In 2016, there were almost 3000 deaths related to opioid use in Canada. This increased to nearly 4000 deaths in 2017. Since 2001, opioid-related deaths have increased by 345% in the United States. IBD patients taking opioids have a poorer quality of life, regardless of how severe their IBD is.