A survey, comprised of 20 questions, and organized according to the following four categories/themes: 1) Patterns of use; 2) Perceived health risks; 3) Access to e-cigarettes; and 4) Exposure to cultural content (i.e. marketing and advertisements) will be distributed to a minimum of 100 students from grades 7-12 in the Ottawa private school system. The survey will also include attached images of e-cigarettes advertisements with open-ended questions to better grasp how survey respondents perceive e-cigarette ads.
Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have an inflamed digestive tract and experience diarrhea, fatigue, and abdominal pain. Youth with IBD are six times more likely to take opioids than youth without IBD. We are currently in the midst of an opioid crisis. In 2016, there were almost 3000 deaths related to opioid use in Canada. This increased to nearly 4000 deaths in 2017. Since 2001, opioid-related deaths have increased by 345% in the United States. IBD patients taking opioids have a poorer quality of life, regardless of how severe their IBD is.
The project will evaluate the Community Scholars Program (CSP) to promote program sustainability, growth and further development. The CSP provides free research database access for 500 community organizations in British Columbia and is a partnership between United Way of the Lower Mainland, Mindset Social Innovation Foundation, and the SFU Library. Now in its second phase, the program was created in 2016 to address the problem of access to research outside of the academic community.
There are 2.6 million Canadians with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). COPD is a disease characterized by progressive loss of lung function that leads to shortness of breath, poor quality of life, reduced productivity, emergency visits, hospitalizations and mortality. The World Health Organization estimates that COPD will be the 3rd leading cause of death worldwide by 2030, accounting for more than 7 million deaths/year and 11,000 deaths/year in Canada.
Non-invasive breath analysis has substantial potential for monitoring of a wide range of medical conditions and observation of overall health status. Breath testing is easy and painless; it can be done quickly and inexpensively, and can be repeated as often as needed, making it an attractive approach for screening or clinical diagnosis. In this work, we aim to leverage machine-learning principles to improve and validate the performance of a novel breath-based cancer screening tool.
Maternal, and childhood mortality and morbidity rates continue to rise in conflict affected areas. The Canadian Red Cross (CRC) is collaborating with the International Committee of Red Cross (ICRC) to implement Advanced Health Partnership (AHP) framework to provide health care to populations directly in war zones and conflict settings, without access to healthcare as a result of conflict.
Our hand function can be affected by different diseases and disorders, such as arthritis and neurological injuries. Having limited hand function will immensely affect our life and will make everyday simple tasks challenging. There are about 1 million Canadians who reported struggling with daily activities due to this limitation. One task that is challenging for a person with limited hand function is buckling and unbuckling a car seatbelt. Car seatbelts are life-saving devices and are crucial for the protection of passengers in a car.
This project aims to provide much needed evidence to community organizations who want to use evaluation findings to better understand how to work with and support vulnerable children and their families in schools. The All in for Youth initiative and its collaborative partners offer integrated, wraparound supports to improve academic outcomes and resiliency of vulnerable children, support family health and stability, get communities involved, and inform policy and systems change.
Sex Now is a community-based health survey for gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM) in Canada. It is one of only a few studies of GBMSM to be inclusive of transgender men and non-binary people which presents a novel and exciting opportunity to understand these groups’ sexual health and wellness outcomes and needs in order to create public health interventions that are targeted and appropriate to them.
Effective patient communication is challenging and obstacles such as health literacy, culture and language play a vital role in comprehension and can influence treatment outcomes. Tools to help healthcare professionals educate patients present limitations, particularly for patients with barriers to traditional teaching methods. Preoperative education helps patients to experience less anxiety, take an active role in decision-making process, and increase self-efficacy.