Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a 3rd leading cause of death (1) which decreases lung function due to irreversible airway obstruction. The main indicator of the progression of COPD is a rate of the forced expiratory volume of 1 second (FEV1) decline. The intern will build the prediction model for the slope of FEV1 decline and find the genetic variants that affect these FEV1 changes. Some variable selection machine learning algorithms will be applied to screen important genetic variants and the performance of prediction on FEV1 change will be compared.
Epilepsy-related sudden death occurs following uncontrolled recurrent seizure which are usually non-responsive to antiepileptic drugs. These patients found dead in bed usually following heart and respiratory arrest. It is not known whether seizure-affected brain regions regulating cardiorespiratory function play a role in this complication and if so, what is the mechanism underneath in order to treat early to prevent death.
Through a review of existing anti-stigma campaigns targeting stigma towards people who use drugs (PWUD) and a series of focus groups conducted with marginalized PWUD, this community-based research project will explore how anti-stigma campaigns can be made more inclusive of all PWUD, especially those most severely impacted by stigma.
With an aging population on the rise, the prevalence of cognitive decline is expected to increase substantially. Goal Management Training® (GMT) and the Memory and Aging Program® (MAP) are cognitive interventions that have been studied extensively and applied clinically to address these needs. Although previous research has demonstrated efficacy of the in-person versions of both MAP and GMT, significant barriers exist in the utilization of these programs. In light of these challenges, online versions of MAP and GMT have recently been developed.
The COVID-19 pandemic is an on-going health crisis which is having a dramatic impact on how people in Canada and around the world live their lives. In response to the rapid spread of the virus, provincial and federal governments have enacted a number of ‘physical distancing’ measures, including closures of publicly-funded schools and all non-essential businesses. This has resulted in unprecedent work/life situations for thousands of Canadians. Police, as an essential frontline service, face particular challenges during this pandemic.
Public health struggles to meet the needs of adults with mental health concerns in a timely manner. Given the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the decreased ability to provide face-to-face therapy and the anticipated increase in mental health difficulties as a result of the pandemic, alternatives need to be made available for Canadians seeking support. This project will evaluate a new internet-based Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (iCBT) platform, Tranquility Online, within the context of a global pandemic.
The purpose of this project is to understand what person-centered planning and care means to people labelled with intellectual disabilities experiencing care in the developmental services sector. If we are able to question labels of intellectual disability, celebrate body-mind difference; desire disability, neurodivergence, and disabled/neurodiverse futures, how will the western industrial complex of care exist (or cease to exist)? What can replace it?
This research examines the problem of youth homelessness which has significant social and economic costs for both the affected individuals and society as a whole. The research will result in a report to be delivered to Family Services Windsor Essex that will guide this organization’s youth homelessness initiatives.
This project involves funding an intern who will work on the conduct of a on going clinical trial, including helping
with participant recruitment and data collection. The intern will also build a research database for the trials data to
be stored in and will assist in the input of the trial data into the database. The intern will also help the partner
organization, Norwest Co-op Community Health, develop guidelines and practices for collecting data about other
programs Norwest Co-op Community Health offers, to help the co-op in evaluating those programs.
The COVID-19 pandemic is a rapidly evolving, dramatic health crisis. Daily, the numbers are rising of people infected with, and killed by, the novel coronavirus. Due to physical distancing measures put in place to slow the spread of the virus, there are unprecedented work/life situations for thousands of Canadians, particularly those who are faced with the challenge of working remotely while providing care to their children and dependents such as elderly parents.