A significant problem identified by Dying with Dignity Canada is that there is little information available for families and informal supports (F&IS) involved in medical assistance in dying (MAID). Our 47 F&IS interviewees from across Canada also said that they had few or no resources about MAID as the health system concentrates on the person receiving MAID. To bridge this gap, we will co-design a MAID Navigation Guide and accompanying video with Dying with Dignity Canada (DWDC), their F&IS volunteers and a F&IS Advisory Board.
Haiven is an organization that is working to use technology to improve the safety and wellbeing of individuals experiencing intimate partner violence. One of our projects is a mobile application, which helps to improve the safety of users. Through this project we hope to expand on our application by adding an audio event detection that, once recording is triggered, will tag individual sound. Specifically we are interested in identifying individual voices, shouts and screams. Once these events are tagged the user will be able to journal and assign sentiments to these individual audio events.
We will review the literature and determine which cognitive tests best quantify executive function in individuals with varying substances of use. We will then empirically validate the aforementioned tests using a remote platform, ensuring these tests can be administered remotely (online), without compromising the validity of the test. We will then administer these cognitive tests to incoming patients at baseline, after completion of the program, and one year after completion.
Many seniors are spending their time lying in bed or sitting in recumbent chairs because of chronic conditions that limit their mobility. It is crucial to assure that their position is changed regularly to prevent bedsores. Therefore, a monitoring system is required to not only remind the caregivers or family members to reposition the patients regularly but also to have a minimum interference with the patients’ normal lifestyles.
Our research proposal will explore the unified airway theory and determine whether the sinuses express biological similarities to the lungs in participants who only clinically present with Chronic Rhinosinusitis (CRS)or asthma and not with both diseases. The unified airway theory suggests that the lower (lungs) and upper (sinuses) airways are intrinsically connected and function together as one unit and the biological processes, such as inflammation, in the lower airway are similar in the upper airway.
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), is a chronic debilitating lung disorder that affects thousands of Canadians and millions of individuals worldwide. The signs and symptoms of IPF often overlap with other common respiratory illnesses making a definitive diagnosis of this disease difficult. As a result, patients are frequently misdiagnosed and treated with inappropriate therapies. As such, there is a unmet clinical need to develop blood-based biomarkers for the confirmation of IPF to minimize the incidence of misdiagnosis.
The Mitacs project will build on the findings of a 2019 study and explore the experiences of newcomer families—specifically those in the cultural minority—with children 0-5 years old in community-based early learning and child care (ELCC) in Edmonton. The study will look at the lived experiences of these families as they access and receive ELCC in Edmonton, and see what opportunities exist to bridge the gap between cultural minorities and mainstream ELCC to shift approaches and practices.
Currently there are few standards for evaluating service delivery, and since health care service delivery is a domain of the provinces, new health care services need to be tested and evaluated in each province before being widely offered. This leads to inefficiency in evaluations as well as unequal access to new services across the country. Also, the evaluations that are done are usually based on what the service delivery organization values about the programming rather than what the patient community served by the programming values.
Post-secondary student mental health is of great concern, with increased rates of anxiety, depression, feelings of isolation, and suicidality observed. The COVID-19 pandemic has exacerbated mental health stressors and concerns about campus suicides, already on the rise. In response, the BC Ministry of Mental Health and Addictions has funded the BC Campus Suicide Prevention Initiative (CSPI), partnering with the Canadian Mental Health Association, BC division (CMHA BC) who will distribute funding and offer technical support to all 25 BC publicly funded post-secondary institutions.
There are thousands of people with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in Canada. Many are isolated socially, and
their health is compromised because they are not physically active. New innovative approaches are being investigated that can lead to more effective strategies to enhance the quality of life for people with ASD and their families.