Thermal comfort, athletic apparel, and high solar protection

Thermal comfort is critical to exercise performance and a wearer’s experience of clothing. However, the current means of measuring thermal comfort, through self-reported psychophysical scales, is subject to many biases, complicating its interpretation and its usefulness. Solar radiation, meanwhile, is recognised as important to both our thermal comfort in outdoor environments and exercise performance, however our understanding of how clothing and textiles can interact with solar radiation is very limited.

The investigation, modeling, and improvement of the thermal response of CMOS-compatible modulators based on micro-ring resonators

A ring resonator is a waveguide that circles around to make a closed usually circle-shaped loop. The electromagnetic wave may travel within this loop and instructively interfere with itself if the travel length is a multiplicative of the wavelength of the wave. In such a situation, energy builds up in the ring and very strong resonances are achievable. There is usually one or two bus waveguides that let the light couple into and out of the ring resonator. The resonance of the ring demonstrate themselves as sharp dips in the spectrum of the bus waveguide(s) output.

Automatically adjusting prosthetic socket for individuals with below-knee amputations

Over half of all below-knee amputees deal with sores due to an ill-fitting prosthetic socket, the deep cup that holds the limb and connects it to the rest of the prosthesis. Current sockets are bulky, complicated and rely on frequent manual adjustments based on feel. These factors lead to socket over-tightening, pain, and wound formation. Vessl aims to design an automatically adjusting prosthetic socket to free amputees from socket adjustments.

Feasibility of markerless motion capture for yoga

Motion capture technology that uses markers attached to the body and specialized cameras has been used for research on human motion, but has been limited to laboratories with expert users. New markerless motion capture technology removes these limitations by using standard video cameras and advanced artificial intelligence algorithms, allowing us to measure motion in real-life environments and of multiple people simultaneously.

Multiprong targeting with a combination of water-soluble CoQ10 and Ashwagandha extract to halt progression of Alzheimer-type neurodegeneration

The aim of the project is to develop a safe and nutraceutical-like formulation of UbisolQ10 (UQ), a unique water-soluble formula in combination with water-soluble Ashwagandha extract (AE), that can arrest the progression of Alzheimer’s Disease (AD). This novel formulation significantly increases bioavailability of CoQ10 and other compounds in the brain. This combinatorial treatment can target multiple mechanisms implicated in AD development including mitochondrial dysfunction, oxidative stress, inflammation and dysregulation of autophagy.

Development and tribological characterization of next generation ceramic materials for extreme environments

There are a lot of different challenges surrounding the aerospace industry and especially when it comes to the proper selection of materials in the design of long-lasting gas turbine engines. Various different materials options are currently available for the manufacturing of engines such as conventional metal, alloys and composite but their applications are limited in harsh environments due to their mechanical and tribological properties such as friction and wear.

Development of multifunctional coatings with antiviral and antimicrobial activity on hard surfaces, textiles and fabrics

Canada, like other countries, has been facing different challenges related to the spread of COVID-19. Since the starting of the pandemic, we all learnt that fomites (contaminated surfaces) can be one of the main sources of virus transmition. In this project we are proposing an innovative multifunctional coating with antiviral and antimicrobial activity to prevent the spreading through surface contamination. This will be done by developing a superhydrophobic coating with antiviral and anti-bacterial/anti-viral properties by releasing low concentrations of metallic ions.

Micron scale ultra-low-cost light emitting diodes made using silicon carbide semiconductor material

A next generation of silicon-carbide (SiC) -based high performance microLEDs has the potential to replace existing gallium-indium nitride-based LED used in LED illuminated displays. The development of these SiC microLEDs is the goal of this research in collaboration with display company AVT Solutions Ltd. Silicon and carbide are low-cost earth-abundant minerals with ?1% of the cost of gallium nitride.

Grid-aggregated Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V) Power Transfer: From Concept to Real-world Implementation

The aim of this project is the development of a novel approach, as to how e-mobility and charging needs are achieved through consideration of factors including mobility need, vehicle capability, charging capability, and facility capacity.

Detection of microbial and mammalian nucleic acids from complex solutions

The polymerase chain reaction is at the core of many health care diagnostic tests. This reaction, often known by its acronym PCR, involves the logarithmic amplification of DNA. When detecting the nucleic acids of RNA-based viral genomes PCR is coupled to a second step where the RNA is transcribed into single stranded DNA called cDNA.