The proposed research will advance novel electrocatalysts developed and tested at the University of Toronto into pilot scale testing facilities at DCL International. The work will demonstrate the stability and catalytic activity of these novel materials in the developing field of hydrogen generation using alkaline membrane electrolysis.
In this project we aim to evaluate the potential to effectively predict and prevent the occurrence of obstructive sleep apnea during sleep therapy using multiple sensor inputs in conventional CPAP machines. This will be based on experimental tests during both non-REM and REM sleep and standard polysomnography (PSG) measurements. This project is expected to assess the effectiveness of proactive management and treatment of OSA using real-time monitoring of air pressure and airflow and deep learning predictive models while bringing into account the sleep stages detected by EEG signals.
BACKGROUND: Viral respiratory tract infection (VRTI) is the most common illness in humans, resulting in a total economic impact of $40 billion annually in the United States. Taking into consideration the current novel coronavirus pandemic - impacting billions of people around the world, compromising the global economy, and putting extreme pressure on healthcare systems - it is imperative to identify novel ways to both detect and prevent VRTIs such as COVID-19.
Additive manufacturing or 3D-printing is a new way to design customized metal implants that can be used in hip or knee replacements and dental implants. This emerging technology has the potential to provide improved implants and better outcomes for patients. However, the first interaction of an implant with the body occurs with proteins and cells and the corresponding response is critical to the implants eventual success. There are still many unknowns about the role of micro and nanoscale features on the protein and cell response to materials.
Greenfield Global is developing a process to produce jet fuel from renewable materials, such as waste biomass and organic municipal waste. Fischer–Tropsch synthesis converts a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen (synthesis gas) that was produced from the waste biomass and organic municipal waste into a synthetic crude oil that can be refined to produce jet fuel. This project deals only with Fischer–Tropsch synthesis.
This research explores improving soil health through the composting of waste products abundant in NL. As a result, soil health and fertility will be improved, increasing crop yields and thus food security in the province. The partner organization will gain a marketable product developed from feedstock ingredients to a finished soil amendment with supporting data that supports its use as crop growth enhancement.
Corrosion is the destructive attack of a metal by a chemical or electrochemical reaction with its environment. Corrosion of industrial and mechanical infrastructure causes severe economic losses. Canadian corrosion-related expenses amount to $41 Billion CAD annually. The extensive oil and gas pipeline networks in Canada require approx. $1 Billion CAD annually for replacement and/or maintenance. Catastrophic, corrosion-related accidents in the pipeline sector pose a severe threat to the environment, property, and human life.
To redesign our food systems to be more sustainable, the need for novel, nutritious and sustainable ingredients is pressing. In the context of pet food, livestock and fish ingredients are the main contributors to the environmental impact and thus, present the most potential for impact reduction if they were removed from pet food formulas. However, meat and fish can provide key ingredients in pet food that are either absent or in very low concentration in plants, e.g. taurine and arachidonic acid.
This research project employs novel bioprospecting technologies for pioneering research and development of unique bioparticles that have cross sector applications. Intern will have the opportunity to work on the frontiers of nanobioparticle academic research using extraction and formulation technologies that will lead to next generation products and ingredients for consumer-packaged goods, agri food tech and medicine. There’s an increasing need and demand for more effective nutritional supplementation.
The Loony is a symbol, recognized by all Canadians. While it looks golden, the Royal Canadian Mint is producing its yellow color with an alloy coating on the coin surface. Yellow bronze is a hard and esthetically pleasing material that can be used as a coating for such coins. Internationally, yellow bronze coatings are predominantly produced from cyanide-based electroplating baths. This comes with significant risks to workers and the environment, regulatory restrictions and costs for waste treatment.