Fuel cells are a clean energy technology that generates electricity without harmful emissions and uses hydrogen as the fuel in place of oil. As fuel cell electric vehicles are deployed globally on a significant scale, it is critical to ensure high levels of operational durability and reliability, equal to or exceeding that of incumbent engine technologies. The proposed project addresses the durability of the membrane, which is one of the key components of fuel cells.
As technology continues to make smaller and more flexible devices possible manufacturers of these devices need ways to hold them together. Normal methods of bonding two thin pieces of metal together no longer meet all the depends placed on them by the relatively small size of the devices. In order to meet this challenge this research project will make a glue that is stable to high temperatures and can glue two thin metal pieces together, while remaining flexible and allowing electricity to pass through it.
The proposed research project focuses on designing a control system, which integrates algorithms of active vehicle safety technologies, such as traction control and electronic stability control systems, and implementing it to a commercial software for full vehicle simulations. The controller model will be designed on a specialized control system software, called Simulink, to be implemented to a full vehicle model. The controller will be verified during a full vehicle simulation by observing the vehicle stability in extreme maneuvers.
Drugs that inhibit a protein’s function do so by binding that protein and blocking interfaces relevant to its activity. This requires drugs to have high affinities towards and to be in high excess of their targets. Another approach called Proteolysis targeting chimeras (PROTACs) can be used, which hijacks a cell’s protein-degradation pathway by linking an E3-ligase to a target protein, leading to that protein’s degradation. To date, PROTACs molecules only utilize a handful of the over 600 potential E3 ligase handles and this limits PROTAC developmental potential.
Limited driving range coupled with limited availability of fast charging facilities is a major obstacle for electric vehicle (EV) adoption. As battery technology improves for EVs to have fast charging capabilities, the demand for EV fast charging facilities is also increasing. However, fast charging stations do impose challenges to the electricity grid due to high power demand and supplying such power is not even possible at locations with low short circuit power. Therefore, fast charging stations with an intermediate buffer energy storage system (ESS) are considered in this project.
Oil that has passed through the bearings and gearboxes of aircraft engines is recycled by a specialized oil scavenging system that separates droplets dispersed from the shaft from air and particulate matter. This process helps to mitigate the emissions of aircraft engines, greatly improves oil consumption and Improves working life by improving the cooling capabilities of the lubrication system.
Use of thermoplastics for engineering applications has become critical over the past decade with the automotive industry looking for creative ways to reduce vehicle weight. As such, linear vibration welding is gaining acceptance as a specialized method for joining thermoplastic parts. This research will focus on amorphous resins used in automotive light-weighting applications. Amorphous plastics typically have better impact resistance, but less resistance to fatigue cracking and stress cracking when compared to semi-crystalline plastics.
From the invention and commercialization points of view, the world of the textile industry has been undergoing revolutionary changes at an unprecedented speed with novel research works in the field of textile processing chemicals, fibres and yarns, technical textiles, and now e-textiles (electronic textiles). E-textiles have massive potentials to change the health care, safety, and protection industries due to their unique capability to sense physiological and environmental conditions, alert about a potential issue, and mitigate the change in conditions.
Today buildings, which account for 40% of the total global energy consumption, constitute large glazing surfaces given that windows provide the necessary spacious feel and direct daylighting for occupants. However, 60% of the heat loss through its exterior surface is attributable to glazed surfaces (windows). Therefore, it is not surprising that advanced fenestration products have enormous potential to realize large energy savings and contribute toward the vision of net/near-zero energy buildings.
RNA interference mediated gene silencing provides one of the most effective treatments for many genetic diseases such as cancer and viral infection. However, due to the many difficulties siRNAs would face during systemic pathway, a delivery system is needed to protect it from degradation and endosomal entrapment, and also to facilitate the unloading of the cargo. In such case, the main objective of this project is to produce a phosphorylation-mediated peptide-based siRNA delivery system.