Establishing the Validity and Reliability of a Novel Wearable Physical Activity Monitoring System for Older Adults

Wearable physical activity monitors have become increasingly commonplace as commercial fitness products. However, current devices can be expensive and cannot accurately measure activity for older adults. Xerus, Inc. has recently built an affordable activity tracking system able to measure physical activity levels in older adults. However, the accuracy of Xerus activity tracking monitor has not been tested. Thus, the objective of this study is to determine the accuracy of the Xerus activity monitor to measure physical activity in older adults while performing mobility tasks.

A Cloud-based eHealth System for Integrated Healthcare Data Management and Analysis

Healthcare organizations in British Columbia currently lack an eHealth system as a network of multiple data sources to manage EHRs in meaningful ways. To support clinician decision in operational needs, this project will investigate a cloud-based eHealth system to improve the scalability and interoperability of health information system. A data integration system and an online analytic processing system will be designed and incorporated in the cloud.

Effective knowledge translation of evidence-based best practice for healthy lifestyle behaviours

The proposed research will support the effective knowledge translation of evidence-based best practice information related to healthy lifestyle behaviours (such as physical activity, healthy eating, smoking cessation, stress management, and alcohol moderation). Over a two-year period, the post-doctoral fellow will create a series of knowledge translation tools (including web- and smartphone-based applications) that can be used in the effective primary and secondary prevention of chronic disease through lifestyle behaviour modification.

Understanding the Impact of Fontan Circulatory Repair on Brain Blood Flow Health - Year two

Children born with an absent or ineffective right or left ventricle (single ventricle) have a low life expectancy and will undergo at least three surgical procedures ultimately leading to the Fontan Procedure (FP), which allows blood to travel directly to the lungs (bypassing the heart) to become oxygenated. Adolescent FP-patients indicate poor cardiovascular health which in turn could challenge brain blood flow, thereby affecting cognitive capacity and increasing risk of stroke. FP is a relatively new procedure and long-term effects on brain health are unknown.

Development and Evaluation of a Life Threatening Infections Point-of-Care Triage Test for the Fionet System - Year two

Febrile syndromes are among the most common causes of global illness accounting for approximately two billion episodes annually. However, most infections are self-limited and only rarely do they progress to critical illness. Our current inability to rapidly identify the small proportion of individuals who will progress to life-threatening infections (LTIs) is a major barrier to effective triage and precision management of serious infections. Our research has identified biomarkers with high diagnostic accuracy for LTIs.

Understanding the cellular mechanisms sustaining functional capacity improvement with prehabilitation in colorectal cancer patients

Cancer is associated with weight loss, decreased muscle strength and inflammation. This has a tremendous impact on daily activity, autonomy and quality of life, involving both patients and care-givers. I previously worked on a preoperative intervention called ‘pre-habilitation’, a personalized exercise and nutritional supplementation delivered before surgery. The main idea is to prevent postoperative complications utilizing the time before surgery to put the patient in a better physical, nutritional and emotional state.

Temperature and dosage dependence of biological damage induced by ultraviolet germicidal irradiation on pathogens and comparison with conventional chemical wipes

Healthcare acquired infections (HAIs) represent a common complication for hospitalized patients and can produce significant financial implications for the health care system. Unfortunately, mobile and handheld devices are recognized as a hub for bacteria and viruses that can cause these infections. To aid in a remedy for this, ultraviolet light is an emerging technology that is becoming increasingly popular for germicidal surface disinfection in healthcare.

Improving Outcome by Optimizing Illumination (IOOI) Study

Insufficient and mistimed artificial lighting within the hospital environment can disrupt circadian rhythms, adversely affecting patients’ sleep, mood, and recovery. In collaboration with BC Hydro, we will run a study at the Burnaby Center for Mental Health and Addictions to test whether controlled 24-hour lighting with enhanced daytime brightness and restricted nocturnal light exposure can help regulate the circadian cycle and improve the sleep and psychological well-being of patients with concurrent disorder (co-occurring substance abuse disorder and mental health disorder).

Proof of Principle Application for Biosensors in Animal Models

NXTSens has developed an implantable continuous monitoring, stand-alone and potentially mass-producible microsensor for accurate monitoring of tissue pressure and temperature in damaged limb muscles to better diagnose ACS. The proposed research will involve several sub-projects that include: i) develop appropriate surgical models for the accurate and reproducible placement of the microsensors in rodent compartments; ii) test the performance of a prototype microsensor in a relevant cadaver model.

Chemical and Microbial Contaminants of Medical Air in Healthcare Institutions - Year two

Medical air is commonly used in healthcare institutions as a life support drug distributed to patients. This medical air is often produced on site through devices which draw, compress and filter outside air in order to redirect it into buildings. However, depending on the outdoor conditions, the state of the ventilation system or the presence of microorganisms, this air can be altered.