Physical Activity Opportunities in Saint John, New Brunswick: A Neighbourhood Assessment by Income

Physical activity can help people prevent and manage diseases such as heart disease and diabetes. Currently, many Canadians are not sufficiently active, citing lack of time, money, knowledge, and access to physical activity programs as barriers. This compilation of physical activity programs in Saint John, New Brunswick, will gather details of the types of physical activity programs available and will map them by average income in local neighbourhoods to determine if access is equal for all.

Examining Canadian Student Smoking Behaviours

The project is to examine the determinants of e-cigarette, tobacco and marijuana use among Canadian students. Specifically, we intend to determine what are the major risk factors associated with e-cigarette, tobacco and marijuana use, and to identify strategies that can be used to help address these issues. Statistical analysis will be conducted to measure the relationship between the risk factors and outcome (e-cigarette, tobacco and marijuana use).

Regulating Abnormal Connectivity in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder via Real-time fMRI Neurofeedback

Patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are characterized by decreased prefrontal cortex (PFC) regulation on hyperactive emotion generation regions, such as the amygdala. Real-time (rt)-fMRI neurofeedback allows for localized brain regions to be self-regulated through neuroimaging signal feedback. Recently within our lab, learning to decrease amygdala activation via neurofeedback was shown to normalize the neural circuitry maintaining PTSD, which was negatively correlated to symptoms.

Wearable Sensors for Monitoring of Human Activities

Quantification of human standing balance provides unique insight into the integrity of the human sensorimotor system, including the identification of balance deficits in conditions such as mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), stroke, and aging. While a number of high-cost instrumented balance quantification systems are available, they are primarily geared towards research settings. Novel technologies using accelerometry or other inexpensive sensors are being developed for use in the clinical markets.

Perceptual training in melanoma diagnosis using skin lesion images

Melanoma, the most deadly type of skin cancer, has increasing incidence and a high mortality rate. Early diagnosis of melanoma is currently the only way to reduce the mortality rate as well as the health care cost of treating melanoma. However, the existing approaches in training melanoma diagnosis are not effective. In this project, we will evaluate a perceptual approach, which mirrors how dermatologists improve their ability in melanoma diagnosis, to train melanoma diagnosis.

User Centered Design and Usability of a mHealth intervention for COPD management

Mobile health (mHealth) strategies hold a great promise to enhance treatment outcomes while mitigating health care costs (Hayes et al., 2014). It allows health care providers to tailor treatments to each individual based on their lifestyle. The primary objective is to involve COPD patients and their health care providers in the development of a mobile health infrastructure that aims to improve COPD management.

Improving signal processing in hearing aids to support music and emotional speech - Year 2

Hearing aid research has traditionally focused on improving speech intelligibility for people with hearing loss, but there is increasing interest in addressing other aspects of hearing that contribute to quality of life, particularly music and other non-linguistic information. Listening to music through hearing aids is often dissatisfying due to distortions introduced by current algorithms. Hearing aids restore the intelligibility but not the emotional content of speech, which is carried by acoustic cues that are similar to salient dimensions of music.

Implementation and Evaluation of an Integrated Chiropractic Service for Musculoskeletal Conditions into the Canadian Forces Health Service - Year 2

Low back pain is a leading cause of disability worldwide. The Canadian Armed Forces (CF) has a greater incidence of LBP than the general population. LBP is responsible for a large proportion of medical releases in the CF with many cases resulting in lifelong pain and disability. Improved early access to evidence-based care could help prevent chronicity and recurrences, and reduce health care costs. The purpose of this project is to implement and evaluate a new inter-disciplinary, patient-centred health care service that includes chiropractic services for the management of LBP in the CF.

The Effective Knowledge Transfer of Novel Approaches to Understanding and Addressing the Risk Factors for Cognitive Fatigue in Wildland Firefighting Settings

Given the increased risk to fatigue in fire zone dispatchers working in wildland fire settings, and the lack of scientific literature about this topic, the purpose of this study is to create evidence-based knowledge translation tools to help address and reduce the risks for cognitive fatigue and poor decision making in wildland firefighting settings. These materials will be originated based on an onsite investigation to further understand the complex relationship and mechanisms of fatigue in coordinator staff during a typical fire season.

Development of an infrastructure for AAL technology data exchange to inform policy and governance guidelines

The UbiLab and the CSA Group are collaborating on the development of a roadmap for a data integration infrastructure that will enable Ambient Assisted Living technology to share data at a wider scale. The current technology landscape has resulted in manufacturers of Internet of Things and Ambient Assisted Living technologies generating siloed data that provide limited benefits and insights to the final users.