Goal Management Training® (GMT) is a Baycrest cognitive intervention that has been studied extensively, applied clinically, and manualized into kits for clinicians that have been commercially available since 2012. GMT targets executive functions, a collection of higher-level abilities involved in planning, organization, strategy, and inhibition. Executive impairment can be seen in normal aging as well as in numerous neurological conditions, including dementia and traumatic brain injury (TBI). GMT is the gold-standard treatment for executive impairment worldwide.
An MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) scanner is a machine that uses magnets and radio waves to take pictures of the inside the human body without needing to use surgery. An MRI scanner is used to look at things like the brain, liver, heart, and other organs in your body. The scanner uses a coil placed near the body to take a picture of that area of the body. This research project uses new shapes of coils to better detect the organs hidden inside. The new shapes of coils can also help detect
Sodium is a chemical ion which is essential for a healthy brain. The body naturally regulates its concentration inside and outside of cells through normal metabolism. Disruptions in this intricate balance can be caused by various neurological disorders, such as multiple sclerosis, concussion, or Alzheimer's disease. In order to provide personalized medical care, a "big-data" approach is required whereby an individual's brain can be compared to a standardized template or atlas; unfortunately, a sodium atlas, representing normal sodium concentrations, is not currently available.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) machines use radiowaves and large magnets to safely produce pictures from the insides of the body. The radiowaves are emitted and detected by special antennas that surround the body. Most MRI scanning involves measuring of water in the body. But other atoms, like sodium, can also be seen too. This work described here involves designing new antennas to safely see sodium inside the body. More specifically these antennas will be designed based on novel geometric fractal shapes, which are regularly seen with cell phones.
Adults exposed to screens for prolonged periods of time have complained of shoulder-neck discomfort. Ergonomic solutions can help prevent the development of computer work-related pains later on in life as young adults move on to careers in an office or administrative setting. Many computer users have also expressed eye strain. As a response, ergonomic computer lenses have been brought forward, said to make viewing a computer screen easier on the eyes.
Parkinsons disease is most highly recognized by tremors of the hands that occur in those afflicted with the disease. Though the symptoms of Parkinsons disease involving motor function begin with very slight tremors of the hands, they further develop into issues such as difficulty swallowing, severe postural problems and extremely limited mobility. In this proposal, a method of reducing these tremors that appear during the early stages of the disease is developed by creating a wearable passive device that reduces vibrations of the hand and arm through the use of magnetic actuators.
This project is focused on evaluating dining improvements being implemented by the partner organization, Schlegel Villages (SV). The first study involves one SV where the CHOICE+ Program is currently being piloted. CHOICE+ is a team-based approach to making physical and psychosocial improvement. The team is guided by Champions to make these changes over time; changes include small physical improvements (e.g. music), as well as education and training to support relationship-centred principles for dining.
Fewer children are walking or bicycling to school than ever before. Programs promoting active transport to school may increase physical activity in childrens lives and allow opportunities for independent mobility. Programs may be funded by municipal and provincial governments, or other stakeholders, but on the whole typically lack evaluation. In this project we focus on evaluation activities for cycling promotion programs in elementary schools in two Metro Vancouver municipalities Surrey and New Westminster.
Doctors are learning that nutrition plays a very important role in patient outcomes. Research has shown that protein is especially critical to patient health and recovery, especially for the elderly and severely ill. The quality of the protein, and the quantity of protein that patients receive makes a big difference. This project will examine how much Canadian health care centres are concerned about the protein their patients consume.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is an important global health problem afflicting 384 million people and causing 3 million deaths worldwide each year. Currently, there are no effective therapies for COPD patients. In this proposal, we are developing a novel technology that will both monitor the severity of disease in COPD patients, and allow researchers to better study potential targets and pathways for the design of new COPD drugs. Immune cells, such as neutrophils and macrophages, play important roles in the lungs of COPD patients.