Stability of the pipeline system is highly significant considering the economic and environmental concerns. The development of a tool for understanding the effects of hydrodynamic forces will allow operators to construct more stable pipeline systems with utmost cost efficiency. In this study, a numerical investigation will be conducted with the help of CFD and FEA packages for simulating environmental hydrodynamic conditions. Consequently, simulations will show the influence of different loading conditions on the pipeline structural response and stability.
Ducks Unlimited Canada operates multiple fishways slated for replacement throughout Nova Scotia. Recent fishway passage studies on alewife indicate that identifying problem areas for fish passage, and altering fishway design accordingly, greatly increases fish passage. To assess fish passage at fishways, movements of fish will be monitored using passive integrated transponder tags and antenna systems. Predator exploitation of fishes during migration delays will be determined by acoustically tracking predators and prey.
This project will review water source alternatives for the Husky Lloydminster Upgrader Complex. These alternatives will be evaluating in terms of their relative economic, technical, social and environmental risks. The framework developed will provide a basis for conducting similar water risk assessments for other operations. The interns will research alternatives, risks, and develop the assessment framework.
Pipeline operators are required to make decisions for various complex pipeline integrity situations on a daily basis. These integrity situations often comprise a complex interaction between integrity threats such as corrosion, cracking, third party damage, dents, buckles, and wrinkles. A pipeline operator usually develops their own processes towards dealing with each specific integrity threat. In general, the processes are developed based on the stipulations by the Canadian Oil and Pipeline Systems Standard, the in-house experience, and the current up-to date integrity specific research.
In order for Canadian industry to continue to meet the high demand for energy they must adhere to the social and environmental pressures to reclaim and restore the extraction sites to fully functioning ecosystems, and to offset environmental destruction when appropriate. Recent changes to Canadas Fisheries Act in 2012, have enshrined offsetting strategies as a legislative means of compensating for the loss of commercial, recreational or Aboriginal (CRA) fisheries. In Albertas Oil Sands Region, the creation of new lakes (i.e.
The chemistry, thermodynamics, and transport phenomena of sulfur compounds in upstream petroleum operations is important as it impacts materials used in the production and processing systems, health and safety plans, treatment processes, and transport of petroleum. In offshore operations these impacts are magnified due to the remoteness of the operations and infrastructure limitations on the platform. Sulfur is introduced into offshore reservoirs through the injection of seawater containing sulfate and/or existing organic sulfur compounds in the reservoir.
Sequestering the industrially produced CO2 leads to its capture via the underground formation of stable inorganic carbonates/bicarbonates. An alternate approach is to convert the CO2 into valuable organic products having commercial markets. The incorporation of CO2 as block molecule with which to expand the platform is part of the Enerkem strategy aiming to further improve the use of Carbon from waste. Such strategy is deployable across Alberta.
The Grosmont Formation contains about 400 billion barrels of resource and is a huge prize for Alberta and Canada. Laricina Energy is at the forefront of unlocking this resource with its Saleski carbonate pilot. The Grosmont mainly consists of dolomite and if acid is added to the formation, the reservoir rock dissolves and its permeability can be enhanced. It remains unclear whether acid stimulation is acting as a wellbore cleaning technology or whether it is acting as an element of the recovery process itself since acid reacts with the carbonate rock to generate carbon dioxide.
The goal of the proposed research project is to explore applications of frequency combs, for which laboratory applications have already been demonstrated, in an industrial setting. The research will be mainly focused on chemical sensing of stack emissions for monitoring purposes. As a secondary objective, the use of frequency combs in vibrometric measurements for structural health monitoring applications will also be explored. For the most promising applications, the project will be concluded with work on a development roadmap for a commercial platform.
Permeation of CO2 gas through the inner layer in multi-layer fiber reinforced pipes (FRPs) destructively reduces pipedurability. FRPs generally consist of three or more layers of polymer and reinforcing fibers. Gas permeation thoroughthe polymer layer and its accumulation in reinforcing layer leads to pipe failure during depressurizing cycles. Using claynano-platelet can lead to decrease gas permeability in polymer layers. Good dispersion and good adhesion between clay nano-layers and polymer are key features for optimization of gas permeability. This study will focus on optimizing