Identification of heterotic gene pools to accelerate hybrid breeding in Brassica napus (canola) - Year two

Heterosis is a natural phenomenon where offspring (hybrids) outperform their parents in many agronomic traits, although exploited in breeding the mechanisms controlling heterosis remain elusive. Genetic distance between parents has been positively correlated with heterosis, yet does not adequately explain the phenomenon. Dividing lines from any crop into heterotic groups that provide optimal combining ability upon crossing, is one of the most important goals of any hybrid breeding program. The main objective of this proposal is to define the heterotic pools of Brassica napus (canola).

Intelligent Character Recognition (ICR), Optical Character Recognition (OCR) and machine learning based corrections of data transcription from scanned business documents

SS&C processes more than 80% of financial scanned and faxed documents in the US and requires large amount of manual labor in order to map information from a document into another form. Advances in neural networks applied to computer vision have produced text detection and recognition that nears human performance.

The impact of an online remittance channel on the size and frequency of money transfers by international migrants in Canada

International transfer of funds (also known as remittance) plays an important role in the global economy. Existing research has studied the impact of international remittances on economic development, poverty, employment, and education. In developing countries such as Lesotho, remittances constitute 20% - 30% of the gross domestic product (World Bank, 2006). Policy makers worldwide have made an attempt to reduce the historically high cost of international remittances.

Understanding Disengagement from Early Psychosis Intervention Services

While the effectiveness of early psychosis interventions (EPI) for young people with first-episode psychosis has been well-established, research suggests that almost one-third of patients disengage from services. Although lack of family involvement and substance use have arisen as consistent factors associated with EPI disengagement, many other factors remain unexplored. Furthermore, few studies have explored patient and family member perspectives on engagement.

Electro-bioreactor (EBR) upgrading for high ammonium removal

The objective of this project is to build up an electro-biological system of high potential capacity for the removal of ammonium and phosphorus. Conventional biological treatment methods have limited capacity for removal of ammonia at higher concentrations. However, anammox bacteria have a high capacity to remove ammonium. The electro-biological treatment aims to enhance this capacity by electrically activating anammox bacteria on a fixed media.

Pathways for Deep Decarbonization in Cities: Mechanisms, tools and governance structures for transformative climate action

As the urgency for action against climate change increases, local governments around the world are committing to reducing greenhouse gas emissions through deep decarbonization targets. Cities are the largest place-based sources of GHG emissions and therefore have great potential to reduce emissions on a global scale.

Mobilizing Ulukhaktok Traditional Knowledge of the Dolphin and Union Caribou Herd

The Dolphin and Union caribou herd is integral to Inuit culture, subsistence and identity. Preliminary local and scientific knowledge both indicate that this caribou herd is declining and in poorer health than before. We need to bring everyone together and use everything we know about Dolphin and Union caribou, the environment and the other animals to help protect and care for these animals.

Modelling And Experimental Measurement Of Solution Gas / Solvent Dissolution And Exsolution In Heavy Oil

Foamy oil is commonly observed phenomenon during cold primary production of heavy oil reservoirs. Along with the pressure depletion, a type of anomalous flow of oil and gas phases appears when pressure is lower than the thermodynamic saturation pressure. Foamy oil is believed to bring positive effects to heavy oil recovery and well productivity by promoting favored fluid properties and oil swelling. The proposed study focuses on the description of the complex phase behavior of foamy oil systems to examine equilibrium versus non-equilibrium behaviour at different depressurization rates.

Community Building for New Housing Co-operatives: Innovating to address scale, inclusion, and contemporary living

Due to the lack of investment from the Federal and Provincial governments for affordable housing and the low number of housing cooperatives formed in the last 30 years the co-op housing model is outdated. In response to a need for affordable housing in Vancouver, BC the Community Land Trust (CLT) has recently opened two newly built housing cooperatives. This research project aims to identify tools and best practices to foster a sense of belonging, ownership, and community in newly formed housing co-ops with members from mixed socio-economic backgrounds.

An Evaluation of the Reliability of Forensic Case Formulation in the Risk Assessment of Intimate Partner Violence

Intimate partner violence (IPV), also known as spousal assault and domestic violence, is the most common form of violence experienced by women worldwide. Fortunately, IPV risk assessment tools, training, and practices have improved immensely over the last 20 years. One of the areas that can still be improved is training those using violence risk assessments for evaluations to better understand the root causes of violence at the individual level.

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