Effect of surface pretreatment and zinc coating on the corrosion behaviour of Mg alloys for biodegradable applications.

Magnesium alloys are good candidates for the development of biodegradable implants for cardiovascular and orthopedic applications. A biodegradable implant would perform its desired function and then disappear, avoiding long-term complications and the need of a second surgery to withdraw the implant. Magnesium is biocompatible and its alloys have good mechanical properties, which are required properties for implant applications. However, they corrode (dissolve) too fast in the body, leading to loss of mechanical properties and premature implant failure.

Evaluating the Impact of a Mobile Unit in a Cancer Screening Program Among Vulnerable Populations in Brazil

In Brazil, inequities in accessing healthcare are linked to socioeconomic disparities. Poor and middle-income countries – like Brazil – bear the highest burden of cancer morbidity and mortality; yet typically do not have structured screening programs. My research aims to evaluate an innovative program in Brazil for screening breast, cervical, prostate and skin cancer. To combat inequities in access to healthcare, Brazil has implemented mobile units (MUs) to
proactively reach vulnerable populations and provide essential screening and health promotion services.

Automated multi-target tracking in broadcast video cameras

Automated object detection and tracking in videos is still one of the challenging problems in computer vision. Generally, it is a very challenging problem due to the loss of information caused by the projection of the 3D world on a 2D image, noise in images, cluttered background, complex object motion, partial or full occlusions, changes in illumination, real-time processing requirements, etc. This project is about detection, identification, and estimation the location of all hockey players in a game in the real world co-ordinates using the broadcast video cameras.

Design of Cost-Effective Customizable Earphones: 1) Sleeve Design and 2) Curing Resin Optimization

The objective of this grant is to develop a  curable resin in the shape of a customizable inset for an earphone, along with the sleeve and associated components. The material should be relatively inexpensive, cure rapidly (within a few seconds optimally) and ultimately provide consumers with a customized earphone that will fit the vast majority of the population.

Development and application of non metallic component strategies

Non-metallic technologies, including composite materials, have the potential to improve aircraft engines performances and fuel efficiency, and therefore gained a lot of popularity in the aerospace sector in the past decades. Therefore, the overall objective of this research project is to develop an understanding of all available non-metallic technologies, their maturity and value proposition when applied to Pratt & Whitney Canada engines. The intern will contribute to accelerate the development and incorporation of specific non-metallic components in Pratt & Whitney engines.

Adenovirus vaccination platform

Vaccine industry is evolving towards more efficient manufacturing systems. Adenovirus vectored vaccines are among new promising approaches for more efficient vaccines design and production. Recombinant Ad (rAd) can be used as gene deliver vector carrying different antigens for delivery into Ag-presenting cells (APC) eliciting a targeted immune response. Alternatively, antigens can be exposed on the rAd capsid, thus presenting the antigen to the immune system. Ad-vectored vaccines are safe, stable, have a broad tropism and have a large insert capacity and can be delivered orally.

Development of lead-free solder alloys for electronic assembly Year Two

Recent environmental concerns and legislations over the use of lead are driving the microelectronics industry towards intensive search for lead free solder alloys in electronic packaging. Among many lead free solders, Sn-Cu-Ag system has been regarded as the most promising and attractive candidate alloy system for the conventional Sn-Pb solder alloys, owing to its wettability and mechanical properties.

Characterization of probiotics anti-apoptotic activity

Despite the high prevalence of Inflammatory Bowel diseases (IBD) in industrialized countries, particularly in Canada, the mechanisms controlling these debilitating gastrointestinal pathologies remain poorly understood. IBD is though to arise from an uncontrolled immune response to the intestinal microbiota, inducing a persistent inflammatory reaction in the gut. Death of epithelial cells and loss of epithelial barrier function are posited as key pathogenic events enabling bacterial translocation and the establishment of chronic inflammation.

Brain changes after 1 year of treatment with an injectable antipsychotic in people with a first-episode psychosis.

The proposed project will explore variations in the whole brain after 1 year of treatment that may exist between those who are taking an injectable antipsychotic versus those who are taking an oral antipsychotic in a cohort of first-episode of psychosis. All patients are treated in a naturalistic, early intervention setting at the Douglas Institute in Montreal, Canada. Janssen will benefit from the proposed project as it will help determine the benefits, if any, for prescribing an injectable earlier on in treatment,
namely related to brain tissue change.

Understanding of key cognitive components of aviation training in the context of an e-learning environment

Complex learning environments that are mediated by technology require distinct concurrent methodologies that reveal when and where learning may occur (Azevedo et al., in press; Lajoie, Gauthier, & Lu, 2009). In this research, we use methods that are rooted in the learning sciences in order to identify, assess, and validate the instructional and learning components of an e-learning environment developed by CAE Corporation, which is aimed to train pilots.