Hey Neighbour! Evaluation and Understanding Social Connections and Engagement

The Hey Neighbour! pilot program evaluation intends to draw conclusions about the potential of social policy interventions into urban neighbourhoods. First, we will review the multidisciplinary research trends and approaches related to the question of improving social quality in urban neighbourhoods and communities. This will include review of the terminology, definitions of related terminology, overlapping usages across disciplines, co-citations, and different methodological approaches in the past generation, in the scholarly literature.

Improving Human-centric Facility Management through Machine Learning Analysis and Visualization

Buildings represent up to 40% of primary energy consumption. To optimize that energy cost vs. the comfort of its occupants, Facility Management (FM) relies on data from sensors, and on automation, to increase efficiency. The majority of existing buildings however have limited automation, so it is up to Facility Managers to interpret and act upon the information resulting from the various building sensors. This is often difficult without the appropriate contextual information to guide and support decisions.

Development of improved fuel cell system hybridization, control and on-board diagnostics for heavy duty bus and rail applications

This proposed research project is an extension of a previous NSERC CRD project that is investigating hybridization optimization of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells (PEMFCs) used in FC bus and rail applications. The models developed in this research are expected to yield improved fuel cell and system lifetimes in service, and improved detection and mitigation of fuel cell faults causing degradation and unacceptable emissions, and detection/mitigation of critical system component faults.

Nanotechnology Solving Environmental Protection and Cyber-Physical Security: Smart Power-Grid Application

The ACPS will offer high-reliability and real-time monitoring of the smart-grid infrastructure and the secure CPS will provide secure communication and authentication of the smart-grid devices and components. This results in secure and improved power transmission that can reduce infrastructure maintenance cost for the utility companies and also reduced power-theft attacks from malicious sources. Successful outcome of this project will also reduce cost of power for the end user and benefit the society with secured higher quality of life.

Assessing and improving the performance of quantum annealing processors - Year two

Quantum computers are believed to offer significant advantages over classical computers, specifically in solving non-deterministic polynomially hard problems. One of the known schemes of quantum computation is quantum annealing, which is suitable for solving many types of hard optimization problems with a wide range of applications including machine learning, finance, security, and healthcare. D-Wave Systems Inc. develops the only commercially available quantum annealers, which are being successfully applied to solve certain types of problems.

Investigating Existing and New Models of Distribution in Canadian Art Book Publishing

In early 2018, the UK-based publisher Black Dog declared bankruptcy. This headline wouldn’t have made a splash if not for numerous co-publishing partnerships held with Canadian art institutions. Black Dog’s liquidation left galleries and museums across the country with books stalled mid-production, resulting in delayed or cancelled exhibitions. Firstly, why were Canadian institutions partnering with a British publisher? Moving forward, what are opportunities and challenges for Canadian art book publishers?

A weighted graph approach to IP geolocation

When you load a page on the internet, or watch a video, or send an email, packets of information travel along a path from your computer to the destination. Where does this path go? If both you and your destination are located in the same country, does the path respect international boundaries? We propose a method for answering these questions that builds upon previous techniques. Our partner organization, CloudPBX Inc, develops and operates network infrastructure for telephonic communications.

Bipolar Membranes for Electrochemical Technologies

Bipolar membranes (BPMs) are already a commercially relevant technology as they are used in the electrodialysis process, that is, they are used to convert salt water into industrially useful acid and base products. Recent research, on the laboratory scale, has demonstrated that bipolar membranes also have useful applications in water splitting technologies that produce hydrogen gas, which can then be captured, stored and used as an alternative to fossil fuels.

Advanced Composite Membranes for Water Vapour Separations

Membrane based energy recovery ventilation (ERV) is now a key component of most energy efficient modern buildings. The ERV market is estimated to grow to $3.8B by 2022. ERVs improve the indoor air quality of buildings through ventilation and reduce the energy cost of ventilation by using building exhaust air to pre-condition fresh building supply air. In cooling conditions heat and humidity are removed from the incoming air and in heating condition heat and moisture are added to the incoming air.

Hydrogen Storage and Fuel Cell for UAV Integration

The joint objective of the consortium is to undertake R&D necessary to produce a scalable, cost-effective combined hydrogen storage and fuel cell solution for UAV’s that addresses weight and volume and improves refueling logistics. The novel hydrogen storage system will be combined with a high-power density optimized fuel cell stack for UAV’s that integrates with the low pressure, volumetrically efficient, hydrogen storage solution.