Assessing microplastics and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon contamination in sea otters from Northeastern pacific (British Columbia, Canada): Implications for the conservation of threatened marine mammals

Marine mammals are some of the most contaminated animals in the world. Pollutants work their way up the food chain and cause a number of health issues in predator species like killer whales. This is because any pollution present in their food is passed on to them which continues to increase over their lifespan as they continue to eat contaminated food. Two contaminants that need to be further studied in order to protect aquatic wildlife are microplastics that result from plastic breaking down and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) that result from oil spills.

Integrating expert knowledge and camera tap surveys to assess the impacts of development on terrestrial forest carnivores

Protected areas are important wildlife refuge but carnivores have large ranges and their long-term survival could depend on their ability to exist outside parks and reserves. The intern will use expert knowledge and camera trap surveys to determine the potential for habitat outside protected areas in southwestern British Columbia, Canada to act as habitat linkages for carnivores. This area is subject to increasing development from the recreation industry so identifying the potential impacts for carnivores can help prioritize wildlife management efforts.

Toxic Disinformation: Credibility Attacks Against Journalists

Journalists around the world face attacks on their reputations and efforts to undermine the impact of their work. These “credibility attacks" can take the form of false allegations, insults about their character or professionalism, or denigration of their social identity. They often take place online, and in some cases involve disinformation tactics such as doctored images and accusations spread by actors using fake identities.

Addressing the Human Rights Impacts of Environmental Degradation and Climate Change on Women and Girls: An Intergenerational and Indigenous Approach to Environmental Justice

This project examines human rights impacts of natural resource development in Western Canada from the perspective of women and girls, especially Indigenous women and girls. The research will identify gaps between Canada's relevant international human rights and environmental agreements, domestic law, policies and practises, and the lived realities of women and girls.

Integrated Photonics for Large Scale Quantum Computing

In the past few years, a number of research groups around the world have demonstrated small scale, photonic quantum information processing using approaches like Gaussian Boson Sampling, which can function with the current “Noisy, Intermediate Scale” (NISQ) quantum devices. At the same time, the industry partner and other groups have proposed a variety of large-scale photonic quantum computing architectures. These large-scale architectures have yet to be realized in practice and will require large investments to bring to fruition.

BC Arts Sector COVID-19 Response: Study of Arts on Prescription Pilot

Arts on Prescription is a system wherein a registered doctor can refer a patient to a cultural service offered by a professional arts organization with the goal of altering the social factors that impact the patient’s health. AoP is successfully used outside of British Columbia as a way to address the social determinants of health, democratize the arts and direct resources to community-based arts programs.

Developing a surrogate marker to asthmatic tissue: the nasal cavity

Our research proposal will explore the unified airway theory and determine whether the sinuses express biological similarities to the lungs in participants who only clinically present with Chronic Rhinosinusitis (CRS)or asthma and not with both diseases. The unified airway theory suggests that the lower (lungs) and upper (sinuses) airways are intrinsically connected and function together as one unit and the biological processes, such as inflammation, in the lower airway are similar in the upper airway.

Stabilization of Mine Tailings using a Sustainable and Nature-based Approach

Mine tailings pose significant environmental risks due to their poor mechanical and chemical stability. This project aims to implement a novel nature-based procedure to improve stability of mine tailings using indigenous microorganisms with biocementation properties. Microorganisms capable of surviving in the tailings environment will be discovered that precipitate calcium carbonate. These organisms will be used to create a matrix that binds sand and clay particles together to form a barrier to water infiltration and to prevent wind erosion.

Quantum and Silicon Photonics Library for AIM photonics

Quantum computing (QC) is expected to deliver the next leap in information technology, with anticipated impacts as significant as the development of silicon integrated circuits and the Internet. Photonic QC provides the advantage of a scalable platform based on silicon manufacturing. Industry has recognized the potential of a purely photonic approach, as being pursued by Xanadu (Toronto, Canada) and PsiQuantum (California). However, photons don’t last long while travelling in silicon waveguides, meaning it is difficult to perform many quantum operations before the photons are lost.

Decision making with ontologies and measures of diagnosticity

Mineral exploration and natural disaster risk reduction involve reasoning with uncertainty about complex descriptions of parts of the Earth. Such complex reasoning is traditionally carried out by human experts who, through years of training and field experience, develop specific knowledge and are able to take the right decision at the right time. This project will advance the previous work to build computer models and tools that assist human in these decision making processes.

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