The influence of biomass pretreatment technologies on the residual lignin fast pyrolysis

Recently, global society has been trying to develop biorefinery processes to produce renewable, biomass based, fuels and chemicals to enable the transition to a more environmentally friendly economy that is less dependent on fossil fuels. However, it is still very challenging to achieve the cost-effective biorefinery process due to some issues associated with the recalcitrant biomass structure and the potential utilization of lignin. Lignin is world’s second largest biopolymer and a major potential source for production of advanced materials and aromatic chemicals.

A behavioural risk model for deposit only customers

In this joint collaboration with BNS, we will develop a behavioural risk model to predict the likelihood of future risk of breaking the promise to pay debt for customers who only hold deposit products with BNS. The model will be utilized to support business operations such as credit card and loan pre-approvals. That is to say, if you are a customer who only have chequing, saving and/or investment accounts with BNS and plan to buy a car, you will be scored in this model for the car loan pre-approval.

Investigation of a Vertical Roller Mill for Metal Ore Processing

This research focuses on dry comminution technologies and specifically on the Vertical Roll Mill. Goldcorp recently announced a new initiative referred to as H2zero with the goal of reducing water usage in their mining operations by 80 to 100%. The study will compare energy usage in comparison to conventional wet ball mill grinding. The study will investigate the effect of dry comminution with the VRM on downstream flotation by comparing the effects of physical properties of the ground product and surface chemistry in comparison to wet grinding in ball mills.

Modelling large-scale behaviour of hybrid macro-scale response agents for use in mitigation of marine oil spill impacts

While technologies exist for cleaning up marine oil spills, they become decreasingly effective with increased lag-time between spill and initiation of remediation efforts. Rapid-deploy chemicals could potentially reduce the spreading of marine oil spills, increasing the time available for teams to clean it up. The hybrid spill-treating agents (STAs) under development by BC Research Inc. (BCRI) to herd and gel marine oil spills provide great promise in this area. At the current stage of understanding the large-scale behaviour of STAs is unknown, though bench-scale experiments are promising.

Package Delivery Robot Interface Research and Development

Postmates has a successful software business in numerous cities in the short-distance package delivery business, matching the vendor (for example, a restaurant, shop or other retail business) with the recipient of a package (for example, groceries, a hot meal, or an envelope), and then contracting with individual couriers (in cars, bikes or on foot) in urban areas to make the deliveries. Postmates would like to extend this software business to include stroller-sized package delivery robotic rovers that would drive on sidewalks at pedestrian speeds to automatically get and deliver packages.

Investigation of New Gelation Agents

This project involves the synthesis, characterization and evaluation of new low-molecular weight gelators for cleaning up oil spills. First responders to oil spills can add these gelators to the oil / water mixture to prevent spreading of the oil before additional resources are available to clean up the spill. This project will involve collaboration with BCResearch, a company located in the Lower Mainland of BC.

Thiocyanate Leaching of Gold

Cyanide is a chemical used in the dissolution of gold. It is highly toxic and environmentally unfriendly but cheap and highly efficient. In Canada, more than 90% of the gold mines uses cyanide in its operation, however, the toxicity of cyanide after some serious cyanide accidents has raised the alarm for consideration of an alternative leaching reagent with low toxicity and can be environmentally safe. Moreover, apart from its toxicity, there are certain classes of gold and silver ores (i.e., carbonaceous, pyritic.

GIF Tools II – Advanced GeoPhysical Inversion II (Year Two)

Over the past 25 years researchers at the UBC Geophysical Inversion Facility (GIF) have generated forward modelling and inversion codes that deal with most types of data of interest to a consortium of mining companies. This proposal moves the research to applications in their corporate environments, and to advance the tools and understanding about how to use the research to date in an efficient manner to extract maximum information from their geophysical data. GIFtools, the computing software for carrying out advanced inversion, was developed for this purpose.

Storytelling the History of Cantonese Migration through Virtual Heritage

Since the 19th century, Chinese men and women have migrated to small towns and cities throughout places such as Southeast Asia, Australia, New Zealand and North America in search of better opportunities, bringing with them many traditional cultural practices, values and customs that evolved over time and space. How did early migrants retain cultural heritage practices? How did people adapt their cultural traditions to local environments? What systems were in place to support the continuation of these practices, and how have these systems evolved over the past century?

Preference analyses and development of an e-health app facilitating communication of test results for hereditary cancer syndromes

An estimated 5-10% of cancers are inherited through family members. To identify patients’ risk for developing hereditary cancers, genetic testing can be used. Communicating hereditary cancer genetic results to patients is challenging for health care practitioners. Practitioners want to ensure that patients understand and communicate their preferences for receiving information. Tools to aid patients in communicating their preferences need to be developed.