Development of an equine metabolism model to describe post-absorptive nutrient dynamics in the mature horse

Mechanistic models of nutrient digestion, absorption, metabolism, and growth are implemented in industry as ‘decision support systems’ for modern feed formulation and diet optimization, and in academia as research and teaching tools. However, in the equine sector, there has been little focus in modelling which limits the ability of the equine sector to address complex challenges such as interactions between equine nutrition, management, health and welfare. The aim of this proposal is to develop a mechanistic model of post-absorptive nutrient metabolism in mature horses.

Quantum Deep Neural Nets for Spatial-Temporal Problems

Atmospheric behaviour will change substantially with Climate Change and is one of our generation’s most pressing challenges. The world requires accurate estimates of future the impacts from droughts, floods, heat waves, increase hazards, from freezing rain to hurricane to plan, prepare and mitigate. Combatting climate change requires reducing our emissions in a strategic way. Current computers can only approximate these coming changes.

Evaluating the protective effects of electrical muscle stimulation with and without blood flow restriction during periods of short-term inactivity

Physical inactivity is associated with impaired removal of sugar from the blood after a meal, or insulin-resistance and a reduced muscle mass and fitness. While exercise is well-established to prevent these impairments, it may not be feasible in some clinical conditions. Therefore, passive interventions that mimick the stressors and elicit the benefits of exercise may be required. Electrical muscle stimulation (EMS) and tourniquet induced blood flow restriction (BFR) can prevent muscle loss during inactivity.

Applying in vitro flowering systems to increase the efficiency of cultivar selection and propagation in cannabis

Since legalization, cannabis has become a multibillion dollar industry and is now one of our most economically important crops in Canada. A unique aspect of the cannabis industry is that the market demands are continually evolving and there is a constant need for new cultivars with unique chemical and flavour profiles. This is an expensive and time-consuming process, but will play an important role in the long-term success of Canadian cannabis producers.

Advancing Youth Leadership in Indigenous-Led Natural Climate Solutions in the Missinaibi Forest

When Indigenous rights and leadership are prioritized, Natural Climate Solutions (NCS) like forest carbon management present an opportunity to advance reconciliation while combatting climate change and biodiversity loss. Wahkohtowin Development GP Inc. is taking steps to drive NCS in the Missinaibi Forest toward Indigenous-led climate action and social-ecological benefits for its owner First Nations (the Chapleau Cree FN, Missinabie Cree FN and Brunswick House FN).

Neural and behavioral correlates of accidental cannabis poisoning and potential treatments using cannabis-based drugs

Following the legalization of cannabis in Canada, the incidence of accidental exposure of children and pets to cannabis-containing products including foods is rising, leading to an increase in the number of cannabis poisoning cases being reported. The current treatment for cannabis poisoning generally involves monitoring and detoxification, which is not very effective, emphasizing the need for novel therapeutics for its management.

Development of advanced chemical techniques for the production of graphene-based nanomaterials from graphite

Graphene is a recently discovered two-dimensional material with remarkable properties that scientists and industry are intensely striving to understand and exploit. It can be used in energy applications (e.g., batteries and supercapacitors for electrical vehicles), as conductive thin films for solar panels, as membranes for water desalination, and in antibacterial and antiviral coatings. ZEN Graphene Solutions Ltd.

Development, implementation and evaluation of a bulk tank milk surveillance program for infectious and emerging diseases on Ontario dairy farms - Year two

The spread of endemic and emerging infectious diseases continues to plague the dairy industry. The convergence of human, animal, and ecosystem interactions results in emergence and re-emergence of diseases in dairy cattle such as salmonellosis and anaplasmosis. Adding to the mix, frequent buying of cattle contributes to rapid dissemination of infectious diseases in dairy cattle. The University of Guelph is exceptionally well-positioned to lead the development and implementation of a surveillance network based on bulk tank milk.

Impact of dietary macronutrient content on energy balance and metabolism in lean and obese cats

Obesity is a detrimental disease that affects up to 60 % of domestic cats in North America. It is generally accepted that diet plays a fundamental role in the development of obesity in cats. However, few research studies investigate the role of macronutrients, protein, carbohydrates, and fats, in obesity. The aim of the present study is to evaluate how a low carbohydrate diet may benefit both lean and obese cats compared to both a low protein and a low fat diet, which each have a higher carbohydrate content.

Exploring the drivers of innovation diffusion for virus-resistant grape vines

Increasing exports of value-added agricultural products is a priority set out by Canada’s Advisory Council on Economic Growth. Upper Canada Growers has developed novel technology to produce grape vines with improved disease resistance to red blotch, a virus that has been significantly reducing grape quality and harvest globally, and this project will investigate how this innovation can achieve major adoption in key grape growing regions in the U.S.