Expanding chemical oxygen demand (COD) profiles to validate contaminant specific degradation in freshwater environments and indicators of ecosystem function

Environmental scientists examining large-scale ecosystem processes (e.g., climate change, contaminant effects) are increasingly charged with collecting high-quality data on a more rapid timeline and extending the application of that data spatially and temporally. IISD Experimental Lakes Area (IISD-ELA) is a field research station comprised of 58 pristine lakes and their watersheds. This area has been set aside exclusively for research to influence environmental policy and regulations in favour of protecting Canada’s freshwater resources.

Effect of Pea Protein and Pea Resistant Starch Consumption at Breakfast on Glycemic Control in People with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Roquette, the fifth largest global producer of food ingredients, is building the world's largest pea processing plant in Manitoba. Pea protein is a plant-based alternative to animal protein. Pea starch is a secondary by-product. Both pea protein and ‘resistant’ starch may aid the control of blood sugars. The objective of this clinical study is to compare the effects of pea protein versus pea resistant starch, singly and in combination, on blood glucose control, metabolic parameters, and the profile of gut microbes in individuals with type 2 diabetes.

Optimal recharging scheduling for urban electric buses

Implementation of alternative fuel technologies for public transportation modes stems from increasing environmental concerns, technological improvements, and increasing demand for autonomous transportation, which is well exhibited by recent trends to replace diesel buses with battery electric buses (e-bus). Yet, scheduling and operational planning of electric vehicle (EV)-based transit modes is challenging due to additional considerations for energy consumption models and driving modes.

Ecology and Conservation of Grassland Songbirds in the Waterton Park Front Area

The objective of this project is to establish a long-term study on the ecology of grassland songbirds in the Waterton Park Front Area (just outside of Waterton National Park), Alberta. The student will examine how different grazing regimes and other management actions influence birds. Fieldwork, which will occur from approximately May to July each year, will involve bird surveys, vegetation monitoring, and interacting with a variety of stakeholders. The Nature Conservancy of Canada will benefit by learning how different management strategies on their properties influence grassland songbirds.

Resistant Starch Prebiotic Effects in Chronic Kidney Disease (ReSPECKD) study - Year two

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is associated with a reduced quality of life and an increased risk of kidney failure, cardiovascular events, and all-cause mortality. The goal of this project is to investigate whether the consumption of resistant potato starch (RPS) in addition to current standard care for CKD will reduce uremic toxins and symptoms by altering gut microbiota in patients with CKD. Strategies to reduce the production of these toxins by the gut microbiome in patients with CKD are highly desirable because they may lead to reduced symptoms and delay the onset of dialysis.

A Novel Passive Wireless Printed Circuit Board Cavity Sensor for the Measurement of Electric and Magnetic Fields

Increasing demand for more reliable electric power requires advanced monitoring systems that prevent equipment failure and outages. The existing technologies used for monitoring the voltage and the electric field in the vicinity of the high voltage devices are bulky and expensive. On the other hand, maintenance of the monitoring devices requires specific safety precautions. In this research project, a small and inexpensive electric/magnetic field sensor is proposed. They are passive and require no source of power.

Use of nanoparticles, phase change materials, and antifreeze admixtures for cold weather concreting

In cold regions, freezing temperatures impede construction activities or put them on hold until warmer seasons, as concreting activities under such conditions are quite challenging. This leads to considerable socioeconomic losses. This research will advance the current knowledge on cold weather concreting, which is a critical issue for Canada and other cold regions.

Development of carbonaceous adsorbents from Moringa Stenopetala Seed Waste for removal of heavy metals and organic contaminants from aqueous solution

The aim of this project is to prepare carbonaceous adsorbents from Moringa stenopetala seed husks for removal of contaminants such as heavy metals and dyes from aqueous solution of commercial interest. The proposed project will examine the developed carbonaceous adsorbents to determine their adsorption capacity, kinetics, selectivity for specific contaminants, at different operating conditions. This research will help partner organization to convert the available agri-waste at their site to valuable products, i.e., to develop adsorbents for commercialization in water treatment applications.

Evaluation and validation of end users’ perception, attitude and behaviour toward iAccompany online healthcare services

Scheduling multiple health appointments is a complex task for older adults who may have cognitive decline or in some cases general weakness or apathy. One of the way to support their caregiver is a to provide an app as a digital tool that allows the adult children of aging adults and the nurses to collaborate via the platform to ensure the older adults are taken care of by all the healthcare providers. iAccompany is a Canadian company offering a platform which development is in the initial implementation phase.

Data analytics on city 311 information requests

In the current era of big data, huge volumes of a wide variety of data are generated and collected at a rapid rate. Embedded in these big data is implicit, previously unknown and potentially useful knowledge and information. This calls for data science—which use techniques like data mining, machine learning, etc.—for social good. With popularity of the initiates of open data, more data are made openly accessible to citizens. An example of these open big data is data collected at the 311 contract centre in the City of Winnipeg for the 311 information requests.