China’s civil infrastructure planners often face significant challenges when considering ways to encourage sustainable transportation methods for the millions of workers that commute between the country’s residential and commercial districts. For Chinese research intern Shuheng Zhu, the city of Winnipeg, Canada is providing a special glimpse into the complexities of public transportation planning on a much smaller scale.
Researchers from academia and industry have recently shown interest in generating electricity from the kinetic energy of the water streams. Generating electricity using hydrokinetic turbines is an emerging technology and its development depends on the good understanding of the different aspects of the technology. In this project we measure and analyze the flow velocity and turbulence characteristics of tidal streams in the Alderney Race, one of the most suitable locations for hydrokinetic turbine farms.
As a major field of science, materials behavior plays vital role in engineering applications and various industries. Many researchers are investigating the properties of different materials to propose better and more reliable materials for different applications. Bulk metallic glasses are one of the most recent developments in material science. The aim of this research is to study the microstructural behavior of this type of materials, particularly Cu-Zr compositions that are capable of introducing some high strength and ductility characteristics.
A sustainable system is supposed to satisfy its stakeholdersâ social, financial, and environmental requirements. Although there are many studies to optimize design decisions in a sustainable system, limited research is found to consider multiple objectives in sustainable system design. We study Eco-Industrial Parks (EIPs) as a sustainable system where businesses and local communities collaborated together to share resources and infrastructure
to gain economic and environmental objectives.
High-energy astrophysics is a young, fast-growing field that has opened a new window to the invisible universe. X-ray spectroscopy is a particularly powerful tool to discover the nature of highenergy sources, since their physical properties are inferred by comparing physical models to observations. Therefore, methods for fitting models to data are of crucial importance. The standard approach is via local optimization. However, these methods suffer from a number of limitations. At the U.
The photosynthetic performance of certain desirable plants and algae depend strongly on the exact spectrum and light/dark cycle of their illumination. Several modern and emerging technologies have the energy efficiency, and the spectral and temporal characteristics to provide optimal lighting in an amenable form factor. This project aims to compare the costs and benefits of using lasers, quantum dots, LEDs, and other competitive technologies in indoor agriculture processes and developing an optimized lighting system for indoor agriculture.
Biomass combustion, which is a growing business, is used to generate heat and power. It is a very attractive system because it provides energy at cheaper price compared to oil and gas fuels and also emits fewer pollutants into the atmosphere. As the name implies, the combustion system is fired using renewable fuels such as forest and agriculture residues. To date, the biomass combustion systems developed locally, as well as internationally, have been used mainly where there are heat demands. However, Myera Group, a Canadian company, is gradually increasing its share in the energy market.
The proposed research aims to develop general design parameters needed to optimize a large-scale landfill biocover for countering landfill methane emissions at Brady Road Resource Management Facility (BRRMF). The intern will conduct column studies aimed at determining the optimum combination of yard waste and leaf compost and biosolids compost for facilitating the growth of methane oxidizing bacteria known as methanotrophs in the landfill cover.
Recent consumer interest in controlling and preventing chronic diseases through improved diet has promoted research on the bioactive components of agricultural products. Wheat is an important component of the human diet, providing energy, due to its high content of carbohydrate, and protein. In addition, wheat contains high levels of secondary metabolite (bioactive) compounds such as antioxidants. Wheat genotype, the environment, and possibly interactions between the genotype and environment are known to strongly influence the levels of these bioactives.
HVdc is the preferred approach for transmission of bulk power into existing AC network from point to point and from remote generation resources because of technical advantages, including low transmission losses. Integration of HVdc grid with existing AC grid provides considerable economic benefits while throwing up challenges for effective control of both the grids at the same time.