The fields of plastic waste management and radioactive waste treatment are essential for sustainable society that utilizes plastic waste for energy production and radiation safety. Land filing and incineration of plastic waste has large environmental impacts due to GHG emissions. The mentioned challenges could be eliminated using a more reliable and controllable thermal source such as inductively coupled thermal plasma (ICP) torches that enhance the chemical reactivity and operating parameters using radio-frequency thermal plasma jets.
Durham Region is committed to responding to the climate emergency by embedding climate change considerations across all elements of Regional business. This research will involve an examination of the Region’s entire waste management system and develop a full life cycle analysis model for GHG emissions which can be used to identify opportunities and support strategies to reduce GHG emissions caused by waste management activities.
This project consists of three subprojects. In the first subproject, an ammonia-fueled a power generator will be developed and experimentally tested. Thus, the emission released from the generator such as CO2, NOX, and SOX, will be reduced substantially. The second subproject of the project is to investigate the ammonia economy starting from production to last use in various sectors. Evaluating a microgrid system and compatible electrical vehicle, and their economic benefits, advantages or disadvantages will be researched extensively.
District energy systems are specialized and sophisticated energy solutions that require detailed design and analysis. Their integration with existing utility infrastructure strengthens the resiliency and reliability of the energy services as it enables cities to achieve their energy savings targets and greenhouse gas emission targets. This research will investigate and model the use of distributed energy resources like combined cooling heat and power generators, heat pumps, thermal storage units, thermal and PV solar and waste heat to determine optimal system operation.
The neural network method (NNM) is a relatively new way of solving mathematical problems called partial differential equations (PDEs). PDEs are used as mathematical models for a wide range of phenomena in science, engineering, finance, and elsewhere. Recently, the NNM is receiving attention because several studies have shown that it can solve certain PDE problems that are impossible to solve using most traditional methods.
The objective of this study is to develop a district energy evaluation and plan for the Regional Municipality of Durham. This will be achieved by analyzing and assessing the current energy demand and response at the Region of Durham throughout all sectors, including commercial, institutional, industrial and residential sectors. There are numerous potential district energy nodes throughout the member municipalities within the region. Furthermore, the region houses two major nuclear power plants, which can be leveraged as potential energy sources for district energy.
This project aims to investigate the establishment of a hydrogen hub in the Pickering and Oshawa region to reduce emissions from fossil fuels. Transportation sector is one of the major air pollution sources in Canada. Produced hydrogen will be used in vehicles operated with fuel cell that will be produced by GM and Hyundai. Fuel cells do not emit NOx, SO2, CO2 compared to conventional fossil fuels. Within the scope of this study, the proposed system will be investigated thermodynamically to optimize hydrogen production.
This project aims to develop an integrated wind and solar energy-based power system for the Caribbean region and show that the system will significantly reduce CO2 and MP2.5 emissions which have now been linked to higher incidence of COVID-19 deaths. It is intended to bring the potential investors to Canada out of this project to collaborate with regarding academic and partner organizations. The developed system provides carbon-free electricity production for the region. Furthermore, the system proposes an 80-HP pneumatic vehicle for the daily driving of the public.