The ever growing market demands for higher data rates and more reliable communication are the main drivers behind the technological growth in the wireless telecommunications industry. This R&D project aims to address an innovative technological shift from conventional wireless cellular networks to a paradigm of cooperative cellular networks that can potentially provide multiple-fold improvements in terms of the total data rates.
The main challenges in bioconversion of lignocellulose arise from our limited understanding of the heterogeneous chemistry of the substrate and poor accessibility of enzymes within dense wood cell walls. It is clear that our limited appreciation of enzyme penetration into cell walls and catalysis dynamics is partly due to the constraints of the techniques employed previously. Unlike these other studies, which addressed such questions by examining model substrates, I propose to examine and develop new tools for use on complex solid wood substrates.
The Toronto and Region Area of Concern (TRAOC) has been one of the most polluted sites in the Great Lakes posing health risks to millions of people. The Remedial Action Plan (RAP) has made significant progress towards restoring the system and meeting the delisting targets. Yet, several critical questions still need to be addressed, such as: How close is the Toronto ecosystem currently to meeting the TRAOC RAP delisting criteria? What additional research and assessment will be required to guide remedial actions? Which attributes best reflect the integrity and health of the ecosystem?
One of the proposed benefits of adopting electronic health records is the development of a comprehensive database which can be used for epidemiological, clinical, and health services research. The main purpose of this project is to develop strategies and provide case examples of how data from these extensive electronic databases can be used to improve healthcare services outcomes. TELUS Health Solutions’ Oacis (i.e., Open Architecture Clinical Information System) has been in use in a large health care organization for approximately 15 years.
Pulse shaping devices are the key elements for optical signal processing that are capable of reshaping the temporal waveform of optical pulses. The applications of pulse shaping devices include ultrahigh-speed optical telecommunication, ultrafast all-optical computing and information processing, biomedical imaging, and electronic and photonic signal/device characterization and monitoring. For these applications, ultrafast optical waveform shapers capable of synthesizing temporal waveform features down to the sub-picosecond regime are required.
Solar power is one of the most promising renewable energy sources and its terrestrial abundance is several orders of magnitude higher than world’s consumption. Conventional solar cells, however, collect only a portion of solar energy – mostly visible sunlight. Our technology is capable of collecting the entire solar energy spectrum by using semiconducting nanocrystals (NCs) as the photovoltaic material.
Ecoatra is applying new developments in nanotechnology to solve the long-standing problem of hazardous substance use in the wood industry- one of our oldest and largest industries. Ecoatra’s formulation uses nanotechnology to enable deeper and more uniform penetration into wood, versatile application, increased performance and potency at lower material quantities translating to reduced costs, multifunctional properties including water repellence, antimicrobial properties, and protection from UV light
The proposed research will explore how diverse recent immigrant populations in the Greater Toronto Area (GTA) use the transportation system to meet their daily-life needs. The objectives are to explore how these groups make use of surrounding urban environments, provide a description of the processes used to secure transportation and the barriers faced, and examine the differences in experience across various urban and suburban jurisdictions. Certain findings will have implications for low-income households in gernal, and for other groups with limited driving ability. The proposed projec
Breast cancer (BC) accounts for 15% of all cancer cases in Ontario, affecting 8,700 women in 2009. Thus, there is a great need for the development of new anti-cancer agents and the identification of patients who are best suited for tailored treatment. The drug metformin has emerged as a potential therapy for BC. Metformin is commonly used to treat type 2 diabetes, but clinical studies have demonstrated that it can inhibit BC. However, it is unclear how metformin inhibits BC and which patients would be most suitable for metformin therapy. Therefore, the goal of the project is to determi
Individuals with speech problems face difficulties such as anxiety, poor socialization and poor literacy. Key to effective intervention and therapy is a better understanding of the brain activity associated with speech. Magnetoencephalography (MEG) is a new brain-imaging technology that, for the first time, allows researchers to monitor the fast-changing brain activity involved with speech. The challenge in using MEG for speech analysis is that existing speech-tracking systems introduce too much magnetic interference.