In Canada, the transportation sector is the second largest greenhouse gas (GHG) emitter and a large contributor to air pollution emissions, which can cause significant health impacts. Since electric vehicle (EV) does not generate any exhaust emissions, introducing EVs can bring health and climate co-benefits to society. From a life cycle perspective, this study will evaluate the environmental, health and economic impacts of introducing EVs in the Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area.
This project will assess the game demands of wheelchair court sports. While this has been attempted in the past, new methods using inertial measurement units (IMU) allow each push to be identified and offer new ways to analyze these game demands and connect them to key performance metrics. With the help of Own the Podium, and Canadian Sport Institute Pacific, these key performance indicators will become an important for developing and developing elite athletes in wheelchair court sports.
Characterization of the energy distribution of ions generated by the plasma in an Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometer (ICP-MS) instrument is necessary for a new ion source in that it influences the ion sampling process, transmission efficiency, focusing, and mass analysis in ICP-MS. These energy distribution phenomena are also analogous to the ion beam that has been generated from an electron impact ionization (EI) source. Similarly, better understanding of the ion beam profile results in a better optimization of the EI source for superior performance.
Moulded pulp, is a packaging material, made from recycled papers. It is used for protective packaging such as egg packaging, fruit trays and coffee cup carriers. For many applications moulded pulp is less expensive and environmentally friendly than plastics and styrofoams, however, due to their high water absorption and low strength, these products are limited to only few packaging products. Biobinder, a biobased binder, has been developed from University of Toronto to imparts water repellency and improves the strength of moulded pulp products.
To design effective and patient-specific cancer therapy, sensitive detection of relapse and distant metastases by non-invasive medical imaging is essential, for which MRI offers tremendous potential due to wide availability of the equipment in clinic and avoidance of ionizing radiation. Although gadolinium-based contrast agents are the most frequently used for MRI, they are associated with nephrogenic systemic fibrosis and brain deposition. Thus, less toxic manganese ions (Mn2+) are exploited as an alternative for tumor detection using MRI.
This project allows a PDF to take on a feature engineer role in which she will work closely with a biomedical engineer to identify novel features based on Tracerys proprietary imaging method for Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD). The PDF will serve as a vital link between clinical disease and computing, interacting with both academic and industry partners for automated feature extraction and ultimately machine learning and artificial intelligence.
Hybrid airships with vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) capability have the potential to drastically simply the commercial transportation system by picking up payload from the pick-up points and delivering it directly to the pre-set destinations. Development of new electric hybrid airship designs for the Canadian and global transport industry will lead to lower shipping costs, where the ultimate goal is to cut shipping cost by at least 50 percent per kg of payload and by at least 10 percent of the present-day cost of ground and marine transportation per kg of cargo.
Proliferation of electric vehicles indicates the need for a large number of Fast-Charging station that can charge the EV battery within 10 to 15 minutes in contrast to the slow charging process which takes several hours. The fast charging stations themselves will be supplied from the host utility grid and consequently can impose significant burden on the electricity infrastructure. Green Cheetah Fast-Charging Technology provides provisions to minimize or eliminate the impact of fast-charging station on the grid.
Since 1868, the Canadian government has enforced legislation to protect fishes and their habitats. In 2012, amendments to the Fisheries Act shifted legislation from the protection of fish habitat to the protection of fisheries productivity. The Act requires that proposed development projects include plans to mitigate negative impacts to fisheries productivity. In the event that impacts cannot be fully mitigated, the net loss of fisheries productivity must be negated using offsets actions that would increase productivity elsewhere.
This research project will develop recyclable nanoparticles for water treatment challenges in Canadas pulp & paper industry. Key advantages of these recyclable nanoparticles are that they are light-activated, do not require the addition of any treatment chemicals to the water, and can be re-used and cycled continuously.