Efficient Multi-frame Obstruction Removal

Modern mobile phones have become the dominant photography device in recent years. However, their users are often not professional photographers. Thus, they lack the skills of choosing proper lighting, proper shot framing, and proper settings on the camera. In particular, photographs are often taken in unfavourable conditions where the scene of interest is obstructed by a fence or a window. We would like to remove such obstruction automatically. Capturing scenes from multiple viewpoints, not only helps to identify the obstruction better, but also helps in removing it.

Speech enhancement and recognition with generative adversarial network

While taking foreign language tests, people may record responses with different environments and equipment. sometimes the recording may not be very clear. The low-quality audios can lead to unusual results in speech recognition and scoring by the scoring systems. Audios with a higher resolution (sample rates) contain richer information since greater frequency ranges can be represented in the data, capturing greater level of detail and texture to produce high-quality audio, such as sibilants and fricatives.

Generating and Characterizing Subtype Specific Versions of Oligodendrogenic Neural Progenitor Cells for the Treatment of Spinal Cord Injury

Spinal cord injury (SCI) leads to devastating sensory and motor impairments which severely diminish quality of life and currently have no cure. Although different cell therapies have been tested for SCI, many have been transplanted in a “one size fits all” approach and have insufficiently addressed patients’ diverse injuries. As such, many pre-clinical efforts have failed to be translated to a clinical setting. In the present study, we aim to generate and characterize three distinct versions of cells in order to promote patient-specific treatment of SCI.

Development of a tele-health rehabilitation system to provide automatic assessment of patients’ performance, improve patients’ adherence and enable remote rehabilitation-Phase II

Lack of customized patient education leads to medical errors which are the third leading cause of death in North America. Most patients don’t fully understand the role they need to play before and after their surgeries for reasons like language barriers. They forget up to 80% of the information provided to them, and half of what is remembered is misremembered. It means there is a chance that surgeries won’t happen as planned. That’s dangerous for patients and can be frustrating and expensive for caregivers.

Left in the waiting room: Evaluating a virtual intervention for siblings of children with special needs

Over 200,000 Canadian children and youth have special needs, and many of these children have at least one sibling. Siblings of children with disabilities can experience mental health, emotional, and behaviour issues, yet they often do not receive the support they need. Support programs provide opportunities for social and emotional support. SibworkS is an in-person support program for siblings of children with disabilities. SibworkS aims to improve siblings’ resilience, social networks, and family relationships.

Smart Based Socks for Wound Prevention and Management

Lower extremity wounds are painful wounds in the legs and feet that can result from immobility (e.g. secondary to Multiple Sclerosis, spinal cord injury), peripheral vascular disease and/or diabetes. They are slow to heal and cause immense pain and suffering. These wounds can cause infections, may lead to amputations, and in more severe cases, death. These wounds impact an individual’s ability to engage in their daily activities and impact the individual’s quality of life. Many people living with diabetes are unable to feel changes in their feet.

Evaluation of Changes in Urban Forests in The Annex Neighbourhood, Toronto from 2010 to 2022

Urban forests are an essential component of green and sustainable communities. They play a critical role in ecological and social wellbeing by providing beneficial ecosystem services which improve environment and human health. Nonetheless, urban and infrastructure development, invasive species, and environmental stresses threaten urban tree survivorship. While public trees are often well-documented, there is limited knowledge and research related to trees on private land.

Board Management and Configuration for Datacenter FPGAs

Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs) are a programmable technology that enable the implementation of hardware circuits. FPGAs are now being used as computing devices, but lack the capabilities and services provided by the operating systems used in all software-based computing systems.

Lightweight Multifunctional Hybrid Nanocomposites and Foams for Advanced Automotive Applications

Over the past decade, there has been a global increase in environmental awareness leading to an overwhelming need for lightweight polymer-based materials that possess demanding mechanical, physical, thermal conductivity, electrical conductivity characteristics that meet the standards of novel automotive applications.

Multifunctional coatings for Meltblown filter media using end-functionalized PDMS brushes

With the COVID-19 pandemic, there is a huge demand for advanced face masks and air filtration systems that could not only prevent transmission of respiratory droplets but having the ability to kill pathogens. Meltblown filters are widely used in these systems for enhanced filtration efficiency but currently they are limited by fouling and have no inherent antimicrobial properties. Here, we propose to add these two features to meltblown filters and make them more competent to combat disease transmission.