For Indigenous communities, emergency management involves adopting community strategies and activities that meet the health and safety requirements of citizens while protecting, sustaining and enhancing the community infrastructure and resources that will be needed in the future. This research project will consider recent developments that resulted from the COVID-19 global pandemic and will explore how to promote collaborative emergency management planning between Indigenous governments and external stakeholders.
The current coronavirus outbreak highlights the importance of point-of-care (POC) rapid screening tools to identify and understand COVID-19 spread within the population. As countries work on flattening the disease curve, it is anticipated that billions of COVID-19 tests will be required for the next 12-24 months. Also, it is widely understood that the next pandemic will not be a matter of "if" but rather a matter of "when".
Relative Energy Deficiency in Sport (RED-S) was first characterized by the International Olympic Committee in 2014 and characterizes a range of negative health (endocrine function, bone health) and performance outcomes that result from chronically low energy availability. Despite recognition of its significance for health and performance, and a prevalence rate of 3-60% in athletes, our ability to correctly assess and diagnose RED-S remains poor.
The proposed research will aim on a better understanding of both temporal and spatial distribution of marine mammals in the Western Canadian Arctic, with a main focus on bowhead whales. Compared to other marine areas, the Arctic Ocean currently shows less noise disturbance due to the presence of sea ice throughout most times of the year, however reduction in sea ice caused by climate change is likely to allow for increased underwater noise.
Open, digital scholarship in the Arts and Humanities is significant as a mechanism of Canada’s growing digital scholarly infrastructure for facilitating public access and engagement with research. But the path to adopting open, digital scholarship on a national scale has been challenging. Academic organizations like the not-for-profit Iter Canada are committed to facilitating the engagement of Canadian scholarship in global conversations. How do we do this in ways that speak to the needs of our communities, are open, effective and sustainable?
Gaining an understanding of the interacting impacts of human activity and landscape change on wildlife is an important step towards better understanding how to manage and conserve wild areas. The effects of landscape change on mammal communities have been studied, but interacting disturbances are rarely addressed. In Alberta’s Eastern Rockies, human activity is prevalent in the form of various types of recreation and harvesting activities, and landscape features like cutlines and forestry roads allow people increased access to the landscape.
Electric buses have achieved first demonstration deployments in Canada. As bus fleet operators ramp up their implementation over the next 5-10 years, with many planning to fully convert their fleets to electric, charging capacity will become a challenge. This project will build up tools to examine the efficacy of energy storage located on the power grid side of the bus chargers to alleviate the high power requirements of the bus charges. This will help to mitigate technical challenges as well as costs associated with the charging the fleets.
This project will investigate possible alternative blood donation screening criteria that could lead to sexual and gender minorities who are sexually active being allowed to donate blood without a mandatory waiting period since their last sexual encounter. Currently in Canada, any cisgender man who has sex with another man must wait three months since that sex before they are eligible to donate blood; this also applies to trans women who have not had lower gender affirming surgery.
In partnership with Tribal Resource Investment Corporation (TRICORP), the University of Victoria (UVic) Gustavson School of Business co-created and designed the Aboriginal Canadian Entrepreneurs (ACE) program. The ACE program provides entrepreneurial training, mentorship and coaching for members of First Nations communities, governments and financial institutions in their home communities.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a 3rd leading cause of death (1) which decreases lung function due to irreversible airway obstruction. The main indicator of the progression of COPD is a rate of the forced expiratory volume of 1 second (FEV1) decline. The intern will build the prediction model for the slope of FEV1 decline and find the genetic variants that affect these FEV1 changes. Some variable selection machine learning algorithms will be applied to screen important genetic variants and the performance of prediction on FEV1 change will be compared.