An Optimal Hybridized Design Methodology for a Solid-State Fermenter: Safe Pesticide Alternatives Using Microbes

Crop Defenders, our industrial partner grows a high-value type of fungi that can kill crop pests without harming or poisoning the crops. This type of fungus is currently being grown in a manual and labor-intensive process. The aim is to automate this manual process to drastically increase the company’s productivity. By doing so, Crop Defenders expects to lower their cost per acre 10-fold and be able to sell to field-farmers as well as greenhouses.

Applications of Blockchain for Cross-Border Deposits in the Finance and Banking Sector

Blockchain technology changed how e-payments work and opened the door for development of advanced and secure e-payment systems. Currently, cryptocurrency is the only well-known, successful application of blockchain technology. However, the application of blockchain technology is not limited to cryptocurrencies. Many distributed ledger technology experts discussed the benefits of applying blockchain in many sectors such as, finance, government, healthcare, energy, supply chain, and transportation. One important sector expected to benefit significantly from blockchain is the banking sector.

Improving the magnetic properties of electrical steels

This project is intended to help the industrial partner, Stelco, to develop electrical steels with improved magnetic properties through controlled thermomechanical processing. Electrical steels are widely used in the manufacturing of stators and rotors of electric motors used in general rotating machines and electric vehicles. Improving the magnetic properties of electrical steels would result in more efficient traction motors, and consequently extending the driving range of electric vehicles.

Virtual Model of Traction Control and Electronic Stability Control Systems

The proposed research project focuses on designing a control system, which integrates algorithms of active vehicle safety technologies, such as traction control and electronic stability control systems, and implementing it to a commercial software for full vehicle simulations. The controller model will be designed on a specialized control system software, called Simulink, to be implemented to a full vehicle model. The controller will be verified during a full vehicle simulation by observing the vehicle stability in extreme maneuvers.

Weldability of Thermoplastic Materials for Automotive Applications

Use of thermoplastics for engineering applications has become critical over the past decade with the automotive industry looking for creative ways to reduce vehicle weight. As such, linear vibration welding is gaining acceptance as a specialized method for joining thermoplastic parts. This research will focus on amorphous resins used in automotive light-weighting applications. Amorphous plastics typically have better impact resistance, but less resistance to fatigue cracking and stress cracking when compared to semi-crystalline plastics.

Exergoeconomic Optimization of Advanced Compressed Air Energy Storage Technology (A-CAES)

Development of energy storage has been identified as one of the most important features of our rapidly evolving energy grids. While the significance of flexibility it provides is well understood, commercialization remains non-trivial. Advanced Compressed Air Energy Storage (A-CAES) is founded on well-known scientific principles that have been combined and applied in a novel way. These innovative systems are complex, each component with its own opportunity for optimization.

Trace Element & Nutrient Retention and Release from Ontario Greenhouse Retention Ponds

Tributaries adjacent to greenhouse operations in Leamington, Ontario were found in 2012 to have elevated levels of phosphorus. The objective of this research is to identify the source of elevated nutrients in greenhouse ponds by collecting water and sediment samples over the course of 2 years. These samples will be analyzed to find linkages between nutrients found within the ponds and the surrounding environment.

Integrated Thermal Systems and Controls Modeling for AUTO Mode Simulation and Optimization

Simulating the Heating Ventilation and Air-Conditioning (HVAC) system performance in a virtual environment is an integral part of a vehicle development process. Transient system behaviour is captured by modeling refrigerant flow, coolant flow and its interaction with air flow with the use of a one-dimensional tool. In this project, a methodology to integrate the thermal model of a HVAC system that would comprise of refrigerant loop, vehicle cabin and coolant loop with HVAC system controls is developed to simulate scenarios where the system is operating in automatic mode.

Methodology development for the non-destructive quality assessment of joints in polyethylene pipes based on ultrasound technology

The use of polyethylene (PE) plastic pipes for transporting gas and water has increased over the last few decades. The quality assessment and overall safety of the PE pipe networks have been of high priority for the distribution companies. The existing technology is somewhat complicated to use quickly and effectively by less experienced personnel. The proposed research study goal is to revise and evaluate the newest technological solutions for joint testing and propose a methodology that can address industry needs.

Human Activity-based Cycle Time Analysis for Optimizing Repeatable Processes on Manufacturing Floors

Over 70% of tasks in manufacturing are still manual and because of this over 75% of the variation in manufacturing comes from human beings. Human errors were the major driver behind the $22.1 billion in vehicle recalls in 2016. Currently when plant operators want to gain an understanding of their manual processes, they send out their highly paid industrial engineers to run time studies. These studies produce highly biased and inaccurate data that provides minimal value to the manufacturing teams.