Health equity, road safety and the built environment (BE): Examining barriers and facilitators to BE change decision-making, the impact of Vision Zero, and COVID-19

The goal of this proposed project is to increase the safety of vulnerable road users (pedestrians & cyclists) by examining factors that help or hinder the process of making changes to the built environment (BE) for this purpose. By examining data collected from municipal, transportation, police services, public health, NGOs, and schoolboard sectors in the Cities of Calgary and Toronto the deliverables of this project aim to inform policy and decision-makers so that more resources and tools are allocated to BE changes that increase vulnerable road user safety.

Technological advancements for data collection in animal research

The proposed research project is to program artificial intelligence, as produced by technology company EAIGLE, to monitor animals’ behaviour at the Toronto Zoo. The program will be capable of distinguishing where animals are in their enclosures, between individual animals, and which behaviours they are producing under different contexts. This technology will allow zoos, conservation areas, and researchers to monitor how animals interact with their enclosures and throughout the day, allowing for improved habitats and improved data collection for future experiments. Dr.

Bioinspired Unconventional Decontamination (BUD®)

Canada is the third largest exporter and the fourth largest producer of oil in the world. Thus, oil is a very important part of the Canadian economy. Oil is a cleaner fuel than coal, but it still has many disadvantages. For example, oil spills that occurs during transport and drilling can cause great environmental damage. Oil spills into oceans are harmful to marine mammals and birds as well as shellfish and fish.

Energy and emissions reduction through local municipal planning tools in Ontario’s Greater Golden Horseshoe

Municipalities across Canada have declared climate emergencies but are they able to deliver solutions and make change in their communities? What is the role of municipal land use planning tools, such as zoning, green performance standards, and urban design guidelines? Which tools are poised to have the highest impact? Climate change policies related to energy and emissions reductions are now included in virtually all comprehensive municipal plans. The purpose of this research is to understand how policies set out in community climate action plans are going to be implemented.

Parking Occupancy Inference With LiDAR Sensors

Parking is a cumbersome part of auto travel in urban areas, primarily due to lack of information on the location of available spots. Sensors can be deployed to detect occupancy, but they often fail due to their high costs and detection inefficiencies in outdoor spaces. This project pursues a feasibility study of using LIDAR sensors, which overcome some deficiencies, for parking detection. LIDARs have a wide field of view, are robust to outdoor disturbances, and can be provided at cost given the recent advancements in the autonomous vehicle industry.

Portrait des organisations économiques privées offrant des services de soins au Québec et impacts socioéconomiques de leurs transformations - Year two

Le projet porte sur trois types d’organisations économiques offrant des services de soins privés au Québec et dont la main-d’œuvre est largement féminisée: 1) les agences privées d’aide à domicile; 2) les chaînes de résidences privées pour aînés; 3) les groupes de médecine de famille. Il vise d’abord à dresser leur portrait économique : structure de propriété et de gouvernance, stratégies d'affaire, part de marché, rendements/taux de profit et valeur boursière/immobilière.

Achieving Circular Wastewater Management with Machine Learning

Effective wastewater treatment is essential to the health of the environment and municipal wastewater treatment plants in Canada are required to achieve specific effluent water quality goals to minimize the impact of human generated wastewater on the surrounding environment. Most wastewater treatment plants include a combination of physical, chemical, and biological unit processes and therefore have several energy inputs to drive mixing, maintain ideal temperatures, and move water from one unit process to the next.

Participatory Cities Every One, Every Day: Toronto

This proposal details an approach for evaluating a planned project led by SII called Participatory Cities: a new inclusive, system-based approach to stimulating and supporting dense networks of practical ‘participation culture’ in cities around the world. With proof of concept developed and tested in London, UK, by the Participatory City Foundation, the model will now be implemented in Montreal and Halifax, as well as the community at the centre of this proposal, Regent Park in Toronto.

Conditional Flow-based Speech-Driven Gesture Synthesis

Speech-driven gesture synthesis is the process of automatically generating relatable and realistic gestures given speech and high-level attributes such as speaker’s style. It is an active research area with applications in video games, animated movies, communicative agents, and human-computer interaction. Commonly, a database of gestures is manually created which are then triggered at different times by markup in dialog. This is a significantly time consuming and tedious step in animation pipelines.

Cold active Enzyme Booster Technology (EnBooT®) for decontamination of petroleum hydrocarbons

Petroleum hydrocarbons (comprise crude oil, gasoline, and diesel) are an important energy resource used by industries and human. At the same time, contamination by oil and oil products has caused serious harm to humans and the environment and increasing attention has been paid to the development and implementation of innovative technologies for the removal of these contaminants. Bioremediation, which is based on certain species of microorganisms to metabolize petroleum hydrocarbons completely or partially, is considered a cheap and effective method to clean up contaminated water and soil.