The proposed research project looks at the hydrogen economy, where hydrogen can be used in place of fossil fuels for the worlds’ energy needs. Although touted as a sustainable option for global energy demand, the vast majority of hydrogen continues to be produced by industrial, fossil fuel-based processes such as steam reforming of natural gas. Our research aims to lower costs of hydrogen production in hopes to adopt wide-spread use and eliminate the need to rely on fossil fuels. Our partner organization, FireWater Fuel Corp.
There are however, a range of GCMs, future climate scenarios and downscalingtechniques that can be used and each yields different results. Due to this uncertainty, itis regarded as best-practice to use a collection of individual projections to develop“ranges” that characterize future climate conditions. The aim of this internship is toconduct this analysis for the variables of precipitation and temperatures, which will beused directly by the HCA in their assessment of impacts and hydrologic modeling
Identification of insect prey is essential for understanding the foraging behaviours of insectivorous bat and bird predators. The intern will develop software tools that will aid a skilled entomologist with the rapid identification of insects from photographs taken from field collecting sites.
The proposed research project to be undertaken by the intern aims to find cost-saving trends of market-based instruments and other mechanisms for small municipalities. By collecting data indicating the performance of different types of market-based instruments and other mechanisms the intern will be able to distinguish which ones have seen the most positive results in regards to cost-savings. This benefits the partner organization, as they will receive hard evidence concerning the effectiveness of their suggested policies and procedures within sustainable community plans.
The United States Coast Guard (USCG) recently introduced stringent regulations for the treatment of ballast water. Ultra-violet (UV) light is a useful technology in a ballast water treatment system (BWTS), for inactivating phytoplankton which could be invasive and harmful to humans and the environment. UV damages DNA and prevents replication, but the vital stain methods mandated in the USCG protocol do not detect UV damage. Alternative culture-based measures of reproductive capacity are yet to be approved, time consuming, and have limitations (not all species may grow).
From the survey of literature (Eames et al. (1995), Chunnanond & Aphornratana (2004b), Chunnanond & Aphornratana (2004a) and others), the performance of a jet refrigeration system depends greatly on the ejector configuration (characteristics). Many researchers have shown the need to improve performance in order to make ejector-based cooling economically more attractive.
Stream discharge, a measurement of the volume of water passing a location along a stream, is an essential variable in many engineering and scientific projects. Discharge can be measured by injecting tracer material (such as common table salt or coloured dyes) into a stream and observing how the material mixes in the stream channel. For many streams, tracer gauging studies are the only reliable and safe method to determine discharge, yet many uncertainties exist in the experimental procedure.
Physical infrastructure designed and developed to enable this growth has been in place for 50 years or more, and an increasing proportion has reached the end of its design life. Taking dams for example, while the Canadian case is less well documented, 85% of U.S. dams will be >50 years old by 2020. In particular, decayed riverine infrastructure (e.g., dams, levees, bridge and pipeline crossings, etc.) has significant implications for public safety, economic and environmental health.
The role of this internship is to assist in reaching the SSHRC goal for the Dreamcatcher system of capturing cultural data, traditional ecological knowledge, and traditional land use in order to create as full of a historical, cultural, and economic record as is possible as well as strong land use management/consultation, water management, asset management, and public health systems. This information will inform cultural research, treaty negotiations, and community development.
Lagoons are the most popular wastewater treatment technology in Canada with hundreds of installations across the country. Most of these systems will require upgrades in order to increase their treatment capacity or to comply with new regulations such as the Wastewater Systems Effluent Regulations registered by the Government of Canada. Bionest is developing at the present time the BIONEST KAMAKTM technology to enhance lagoon capacity.