Biomonitoring 2.0 in Practice: Application of Next-Generation Sequencing to Biomonitoring for Use by the Environmental Consulting Industry

Canada is a world leader in both cutting-edge, DNA-based environmental research and in the abundance and variety of our natural resources. By bringing the transformative power of the "Biomonitoring 2.0" approach for use in the environmental consulting industry, I propose to take the best of the former and use it to create innovative methods for the most sustainable utilization of the latter.

Eutrophication Risk Assessment and Adaptive Management Implementation in Lake Simcoe: Integration of the Watershed Processes with the Receiving Waterbody

Environmental modelling has been an indispensable tool of the Lake Simcoe restoration efforts. The proposed research aims to develop an integrated watershed-receiving waterbody modelling network that will provide a realistic platform for the evaluation of a variety of land-use management and climatic scenarios.

Action spectra characteristic of typical and potentially new challenge organisms used in polychromatic UV reactor validation Year One

Trojan Technologies provides UV-based technologies for water, wastewater and reuse wastewater treatment. This proposal is directed towards optimizing and developing the validation protocols for UV systems provided by Trojan. The study results will expand Trojan's ability to provide more holistic and sustainable reactors for water/wastewater treatment as well as expand the polychromatic UV market.

Preparation of commercial TPVs from Devulcanized Rubber Year Two

This research project intends to further expand the use of the recycled rubber (also referred as devulcanized rubber) prepared from waste tires to reduce the threat caused by the increasing number of scrap tires. Due to relatively inferior properties, the devulcanized rubber cannot be used by itself. Hence, the research focuses on blending the devuclanized rubber with cheaply available plastics. A patented technology has been developed in our lab that leads to preparation of high quality devulcanized rubber.

Environmental Decision-Making in the Face of Uncertainty: A Bayesian approach Year Two

In water quality management, mathematical models are used to evaluate management alternatives, and to support the policy making process. Environmental models involve substantial uncertainty which can be very critical when striving to identify polluters, to direct the use of taxpayers' dollars, and to determine management strategies that have considerable social and economic implications.

Determining the timespan and ecological conditions necessary for afforested environments to support older-growth understorey communities Year Two

Mineral aggregate production is essential to Canada’s economy and infrastructure but environmental concerns threaten to impede this until ecological impacts are shown to be mitigated by off-site replication of affected ecosystems including heritage hardwood forests. A large-scale comparative study was recently initiated to determine whether conventional forestry can produce plantations that are ecologically equivalent to natural forests.

Choices and consequences: a multiple method research to supporting better decision making and implementation

The proposed research seeks to investigate four ways to support sound decision making and sustainable development by: 1. developing an integrated approach to planning using a combination of scenario creation and structured decision making (SDM); 2. testing methodological improvements to SDM by increasing our understanding of how to measure values and preferences; 3. examining how to effectively communicate and use high-quality data to inform decision making, and monitoring & evaluation; and 4.

"Holocene sea-level history and environmental change, Calvert Island, British Columbia Year Two *Renewal, previous title ""Holocene sea-level history and environmental change, Calvert Island, British Columbia"""

Changes in sea-level are attributable mainly to crustal deformation, changes in global ocean volumes (eustasy) and the response of the Earth's crust to glaciation (isostasy). On the British Columbia coast, sea-level history is complex owing to regional differences in these factors. A geographic data gap exists in our understanding of Holocene (past 10,000 years) sea-level change and landscape evolution along the central coast. The proposed research will help close this gap, by studying post-glacial sea-level and landscape response on Calvert Island.

Holocene sea-level history and environmental change, Calvert Island, British Columbia

Changes in sea-level are attributable mainly to crustal deformation, changes in global ocean volumes (eustasy) and the response of the Earth's crust to glaciation (isostasy). On the British Columbia coast, sea-level history is complex owing to regional differences in these factors. A geographic data gap exists in our understanding of Holocene (past 10,000 years) sea-level change and landscape evolution along the central coast. The proposed research will help close this gap, by studying post-glacial sea-level and landscape response on Calvert Island.

The impacts of omega-3 fatty acids on planktonic food web processes: an experimental approach

The causal link between highly unsaturated fatty acids (HUFAs) and human health is one of the hottest topics in science. Their potential to control food web dynamics in freshwater systems is a relatively recent development, but analytical difficulties have relegated research to a predominantly theoretical nature. A large deal of theoretical work was produced from my doctoral research, and breakthroughs in measuring metabolic reactions permit the testing of multiple hypotheses produced.

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