The Business Case for Sustainability: Cost Savings and New Revenue Generation through Implementing Sustainable Community Plans in Small Ontario Municipalities

The proposed research project to be undertaken by the intern aims to find cost-saving trends of market-based instruments and other mechanisms for small municipalities. By collecting data indicating the performance of different types of market-based instruments and other mechanisms the intern will be able to distinguish which ones have seen the most positive results in regards to cost-savings. This benefits the partner organization, as they will receive hard evidence concerning the effectiveness of their suggested policies and procedures within sustainable community plans.

Development of rapid and accurate genomic techniques for ballast water UV treatment

The United States Coast Guard (USCG) recently introduced stringent regulations for the treatment of ballast water. Ultra-violet (UV) light is a useful technology in a ballast water treatment system (BWTS), for inactivating phytoplankton which could be invasive and harmful to humans and the environment. UV damages DNA and prevents replication, but the vital stain methods mandated in the USCG protocol do not detect UV damage. Alternative culture-based measures of reproductive capacity are yet to be approved, time consuming, and have limitations (not all species may grow).

High-efficiency supersonic binary fluid ejector Year Two

From the survey of literature (Eames et al. (1995), Chunnanond & Aphornratana (2004b), Chunnanond & Aphornratana (2004a) and others), the performance of a jet refrigeration system depends greatly on the ejector configuration (characteristics). Many researchers have shown the need to improve performance in order to make ejector-based cooling economically more attractive.

Improving stream tracer gauging techniques

Stream discharge, a measurement of the volume of water passing a location along a stream, is an essential variable in many engineering and scientific projects. Discharge can be measured by injecting tracer material (such as common table salt or coloured dyes) into a stream and observing how the material mixes in the stream channel. For many streams, tracer gauging studies are the only reliable and safe method to determine discharge, yet many uncertainties exist in the experimental procedure.

Riverine feature extraction from high-resolution imagery

Physical infrastructure designed and developed to enable this growth has been in place for 50 years or more, and an increasing proportion has reached the end of its design life. Taking dams for example, while the Canadian case is less well documented, 85% of U.S. dams will be >50 years old by 2020. In particular, decayed riverine infrastructure (e.g., dams, levees, bridge and pipeline crossings, etc.) has significant implications for public safety, economic and environmental health.

Dreamcatcher Informatics: a Web-based and Mobile Information System to Support Land Management, Consultation, and the Preservation of History, Culture and Traditional Ecological Knowledge

The role of this internship is to assist in reaching the SSHRC goal for the Dreamcatcher system of capturing cultural data, traditional ecological knowledge, and traditional land use in order to create as full of a historical, cultural, and economic record as is possible as well as strong land use management/consultation, water management, asset management, and public health systems. This information will inform cultural research, treaty negotiations, and community development.

High-frequency monitoring of the start-up and temperature impacts of a biofilm-enhanced

Lagoons are the most popular wastewater treatment technology in Canada with hundreds of installations across the country. Most of these systems will require upgrades in order to increase their treatment capacity or to comply with new regulations such as the Wastewater Systems Effluent Regulations registered by the Government of Canada. Bionest is developing at the present time the BIONEST KAMAKTM technology to enhance lagoon capacity.

Immobilisation de lipases industrielles pour la production de biolubrifiants

Le projet partenarial vise la création de biocatalyseurs dits de 2e génération pour la revalorisation de biomasse oléagineuse usagée (huiles de fritures, graisses d’abattoirs). Les procédés actuels de transformation chimique de cette biomasse ne sont pas assez performants et Odyssée Biotech veut offrir une solution alternative et durable aux entreprises qui souhaitent produire des biolubrifiants. L’utilisation de la biocatalyse via des enzymes lipolytiques peut transformer efficacement cette biomasse à moindres coûts et ce, avec une empreinte environnementale moindre.

Traitement des matériaux de gypse

Ce nouveau stage propose de tester la faisabilité sur le terrain des méthodes expérimentées au laboratoire par la mise en place d’essais pilotes sur les sites d’enfouissement. On testera également la méthode qui consiste à recouvrir les sites d’enfouissement par des matériaux de recouvrement. Cette technique peut s’avérer très efficace du fait qu’elle regroupe l’ensemble des mécanismes physique, chimique et biologique dans la réduction de l’impact des panneaux de gypse sur l’environnement. Ces matériaux peuvent être :

Évaluation de la pathogénicité d’une souche d’entomopathogène Beauveria bassiana sur l’abeille domestique (Apidae : Apis mellifera)

Le champignon microbien, Beauveria bassiana, est un agent de contrôle des ravageurs très utilisés dans le monde. Son spectre d’action est large et ce pathogène peut avoir des effets négatifs sur les insectes bénéfiques en culture comme les abeilles domestiques. Celles-ci offrent un service de pollinisation indispensable aux cultures et les récentes inquiétudes au sujet de leur santé ont conscientisé les entreprises qui génèrent des nouveaux agents de contrôle.