Alteration of plant cell wall structure for improvement ofbiomass hydrolysis

Biobased products, mostly derived from plant biomass, have the potential to improve the sustainability of Canada’s natural resources and environmental quality while competing economically. Plant biomass, composed primarily of cell walls and modification of cell wall properties has the potential to improve biomass conversion to biobased products such as biofuels. Progress towards achieving this goal is currently impeded by a lack of knowledge of how cell walls are assembled and how their structure affects the processing of biomass.

In-plane Performance of Masonry Shear Walls Year Two

A. Overall Project Objective Recent research at the University of Calgary has focused on shear walls and on evaluating the influence of various parameters on in-plane shear capacity. The reason for this is that, for example, while it is recognized by most researchers that compression on walls increases the shear strength of masonry, the quantification of this effect has been reported to vary from 40 to 70% [1,8] and the factors adopted by various design standards range from 0.25 up to 0.4.

Experimental verification and development of model based machine condition assessment methodology

This project is a necessary step toward model development for machine condition assessment that is capable of both diagnosis and prognosis including root cause analysis. The analytical model, once validated and calibrated can serve as a baseline model or a template for the detection of machine health problems. Because of the details of a machine internal variables this model can provide, it can allow the root cause determination of machine faults.

An investigation of the use of collaborative and adaptive root cause analysis (CARCA) technique in a professional health, safety, and environment training program

The proposed research aims to test the relative merits of the “collaborative and adaptive root cause analysis” (CARCA) technique. Through this technique, the aim is to enhance Health, Safety, and Environment employers’ appreciation of complex events and phenomena associated with operational incidents, contributing to their professional development as joint thinkers. Various incident-based scenarios will be used to prompt participants to make inquiry, and collaboratively identify the multiple root causes that contributed to the make-up of those incidents.

Arterial travel time reliability and travel time prediction

The objectives of this study are: 1) examining the reliability and distribution of arterial travel time collected from probe data derived from two different modes, 2) examining the factors that have significant contribution to arterial travel time reliability, and 3) predicting the travel time for urban signalized arterials for a given scenario. The travel time reliability analysis will be developed for vehicular traffic and for the transit modes.

Multimodal Safety Analysis of the implementation ofrectangular rapid flashing beacons (RRFBs)

With the increased number of non-motorist related crashes, there is a growing need for accommodating the safety of active modes in urban areas. The City of Calgary has recently installed rectangular rapid-flashing beacon (RRFB) at several locations in the City in an attempt to improve cyclists and pedestrians’ safety. RRFB use dual rectangular LED lights to display intermittent rapid flashes similar in operation to emergency flashers on police vehicles. These devices were shown to assist motorist yielding behaviour at some particular locations.

Multimodal Safety Analysis of the implementation ofrectangular rapid flashing beacons (RRFBs)

With the increased number of non-motorist related crashes, there is a growing need for accommodating the safety of active modes in urban areas. The City of Calgary has recently installed rectangular rapid-flashing beacon (RRFB) at several locations in the City in an attempt to improve cyclists and pedestrians’ safety. RRFB use dual rectangular LED lights to display intermittent rapid flashes similar in operation to emergency flashers on police vehicles. These devices were shown to assist motorist yielding behaviour at some particular locations.

Enabling Geospatial Interoperability to Support UrbanEnergy Efficiency: The HEAT Case Study

Reducing GHG emissions and low-carbon living are two prioritized goals of The City of Calgary, Alberta. HEAT (Heat Energy Assessment Technologies), an award winning GeoWeb platform offers interactive geospatial feedback to tackle these issues by visualizing the amount and location of waste heat escaping from homes and communities, as easily as clicking on a house in Google Maps. To ensure wide-spread utility of HEAT metrics, further testing and refinement are required.

Signal/Noise analyzer for EM Telemetry tool

he ultimate objective of this project is to design and develop a signal/noise analyzer to improve the reliability and efficiency of EM-based measurement-while-drilling (MWD) tool within various strata formation under high temperature, deep drilling environment. In order to analyze the received signal contaminated by surface and underground noise, it is essential to understand the electrical and magnetic field behavior with respect to rock formation and the transmitted signal properties including frequency, amplitude, and phase.

Correlation of Coronary and Myocardial Strain Profiles for Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy Year Two

Throughout my Doctoral Studies I have used various approaches to evaluate and/or predict the behaviour of cardiovascular structures in the setting of acquired disease. These have been focussed on two key methodologies: insilico testing aimed at predicting functional responses to therapeutic intervention, such as mechano-electric Finite Element Method (FEM) modelling of the left atrium strains and stresses in response to hypertension, and fluiddynamic FEM modelling of abdominal aortic aneurysms.

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